Bansalan, Davao del Sur

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Municipality of Bansalan
Wow! Bansalan
Anthem: Bansalan Hymn
Map of Davao del Sur with Bansalan highlighted
Map of Davao del Sur with Bansalan highlighted
Bansalan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 6°47′N 125°13′E / 6.78°N 125.22°E / 6.78; 125.22Coordinates: 6°47′N 125°13′E / 6.78°N 125.22°E / 6.78; 125.22
Country Philippines
RegionDavao Region (Region XI)
ProvinceDavao del Sur
DistrictLone District
FoundedSeptember 18, 1952
Barangays25 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorQuirina T. Sarte
 • Vice MayorEugenio C. Clata
 • CongressmanMercedes C. Cagas
 • Electorate42,855 voters (2019)
 • Total157.75 km2 (60.91 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total60,440
 • Density380/km2 (990/sq mi)
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence19.82% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue (₱)152,073,648.00 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)82
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Native languagesDavawenyo
Kalagan language
Obo language
Ata Manobo

Bansalan, officially the Municipality of Bansalan, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 60,440 people.[3]


Bansalan is about 72 kilometres (45 mi) south of Davao City and is very accessible by land transportation mostly by buses going to Cotabato City, Kidapawan and Tacurong. Bansalan is about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) north-west of the provincial capital city of Digos. The neighboring towns include Makilala in the north, Magsaysay in the west, Matanao in the south and Mount Apo and part of Digos in the east.


Bansalan is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.

  • Alegre
  • Alta Vista
  • Anonang
  • Bitaug
  • Bonifacio
  • Buenavista
  • Darapuay
  • Dolo (Urban)
  • Eman
  • Kinuskusan
  • Libertad
  • Linawan
  • Mabuhay
  • Mabunga
  • Managa
  • Marber
  • New Clarin
  • Poblacion Uno (Urban)
  • Poblacion Dos (Urban)
  • Rizal (Urban)
  • Santo Niño
  • Sibayan
  • Tinongtongan
  • Tubod (Urban)
  • Union


Climate data for Bansalan, Davao del Sur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
Average low °C (°F) 22
Average precipitation mm (inches) 59
Average rainy days 12.3 11.7 12.2 14.5 22.6 25.6 26.6 27.5 25.5 26.0 21.2 16.0 241.7
Source: Meteoblue [5]


Bansalan was a forest primeval and the aborigines were Bagobos. As they were nomadic, they traveled from one place to the other by hacking their way through the virgin forests. They also cultivated land for their staple food but soon left the place after harvest time in search of a better place to cultivate. They also had the wide area of hunting ground where at the end of the day, they brought home speared wild boar, deer or monkeys. The implements they had were crude but obviously the bow and arrow were used both in hunting and fishing. The waters then were crystal pure and were untarnished by the changing current ecology. In some certain sites, Bansalan had patches of cogonal land interspersed with tall trees demarcated by serene creeks and turbulent rivers gushing from the belly of Mount Apo, the highest mountain peak in the Philippines where according to legend, Apo Sandawa ruled as god.

In early times, the Bagobo society was divided into datus or the chieftains, freemen, and slaves. The datus interpret customary laws. Marriages were arranged, the groom's parents selecting the bride and negotiating the match. A bride-price is paid according to their wealth, and the bride's parents also give a present equal to about half this amount to dispel the idea that they're selling their daughter. The groom has to serve the bride's family both before and after the wedding. The two-to three-day wedding ceremony takes place in the bride's home and ends with the bride and groom feeding each other a handful of rice. Young men strived to attain the rank of magani, a warrior class whose members had killed more than one enemy and were entitled to wear distinctive red clothing. A communal spirit prevailed, with everyone helping in house-building and cultivation.

The inhabitants in this early settlement venerated the anitos and their religion is a pantheon of innumerable gimokods (spirits), knowledge of which resides in old men and women known as mabalian.

The Bagobos celebrate Gin-Em festival which displays gratitude to the spirits for success in war or domestic matters, or for warding-off sickness, evil spirits, or danger. Two bamboo poles are erected in the house of a datu, then offerings are made, and a chicken is sacrificed. In former times, enemy skulls would be attached to the poles, and a slave sacrificed. Each magani relates his past exploits, and dancing, chanting of old songs and poems, feasting, and drinking fermented sugarcane wine continue till daybreak.

The Bagobos produce baskets trimmed with beads and fibers, ornate weapons, and inlaid metal boxes finished with bells. A metal box where they kept betel nuts is inseparable.

Bansalan was the name of the simple farmer who one day dug the earth in search of potable water to quench his thirst. Fortunately, he dug a well-spring, and did not only satisfy his thirst but also called his other companions to share his discovery. Rain widened the spring and the constant erosion of soil led its transformation into a creek, and later into a river. Unfortunately, Bansalan, the farmer did not live long. His companions who were the recipients of Bansalan's daring adventures named that the river after him and later also became the name of the fledgling village. President Elpidio Querino proclaimed Bansalan as a regular town on September 18, 1952, including two booming villages of Matanao and Kialeg in the south-west and western part of Bansalan which later became regular towns.

Davao del Sur and parts of Northern Cotabato were established by good-natured relationships of the chieftains. In the beginning of the 20th century, Datu Tumunas of Bansalan launched feeder road constructions with the help of his own tribe people. Tumunas succeeded in linking Bansalan with Digos, ushering in the establishment of a harmonious relation between the Bagobos and the Kalagans, the natives of Digos. The friendship has expanded by leaps and bounds when they encouraged constant "tabo" or market following the old system of "ukom" or barter. Datus of neighboring places came to Bansalan to establish friendly relations with Datu Tumunas. Among them were Datu Julian and Datu Akwas. Later Datu Siman of Kidapawan succeeded in constructing a road linking the place with Bansalan. More friendly relations were established as the road construction increased."

Bansalan is situated at the north-western part of the Province of Davao del Sur. Towards the south is the Municipality of Matanao, to the west is the Municipality of Magsaysay, to the southeast is the Municipality of Digos and on the north-east lies the Mt. Apo National Park. Its total land area is 48,548 hectares and divided into 23 villages or barrios where the Poblacion is the main center.

The Poblacion serves as the nerve-center of the town where all the schools, churches of different denominations, market, cinema, sports facilities, and other amenities are located. It is highly agricultural and most of the active young people work in Digos which now became the capital town of Davao del Sur. There are about 55,000 people living in the whole town including the villages.

In the early 1950s, a big number of migrants from other parts of the country but mainly from Cebu settled in Bansalan which drastically changed the lives of the Bagobos, the native inhabitants of the place. The Bagobos retreated to the hinterlands, and the settlers took over the running and further development of the town. At present, not one public official is a native Bagobo, the tribe which was responsible in the establishment of the town. What remained is the name of Datu Bansalan but his daring adventures are already long forgotten by the town people. Town anniversaries are celebrated with grand fiestas and parades but Datu Bansalan is no longer remembered in the history nor given an appropriate celebration in honor of his founding the town. People remember the date Pres. Quirino officially proclaimed Bansalan as a regular town as if the history of the town only started in September 1952.

In 1957, the barrios of Kibao, San Vicente, Kibuaya, Managa Km. 67, Sinawilan, New Visayas, Sacub, Upper Malabang, Temongbong, Sinaragan, Maliit Digos, Kapok, Tamlangon, Manga, Buas, New Katipunan, Da-Anama, Upper Kauswagan, Kagaulas, Kabasagan, Tuwak, Mal, Latian, Lanturi, Dongang-Pekong, La Union, Kauswagan and Paitan were separated from said municipality, and constituted into a new and independent municipality known as Matanao.[6]

In the same year, the following sitios were converted into barrios: Buas, Mabunga, Manga, Tacul, Kanapolo, San Isidro, San Miguel, Bacongan, Dalawinon, New Clarin, Kasuga, Rizal, Dalumay, Darapuay, Kinuskusan, Tubod, Bitaug, Libertad, Buenavista, Mabini, Pananag, Union, Upper Managa, Mabuhay, Bonifacio, San Vicente, Kibao, Tinongtongan, Kabasagan, Tuwak, Maliit Digos, Tamlangon, New Katipunan, Upper Sacub, Sinarangan, Kibuaya, and Managa.[7]

In 1959, barrio Kialeg was renamed Magsaysay.[8]


Population census of Bansalan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1960 45,360—    
1970 33,374−3.02%
1975 35,558+1.28%
1980 40,716+2.75%
1990 46,691+1.38%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1995 48,894+0.87%
2000 51,781+1.24%
2007 54,246+0.64%
2010 56,496+1.49%
2015 60,440+1.29%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][9][10][11]


  • Bansaulog Festival - every 18th day of September
  • Immaculate Concepcion Fiesta - every 8th day of December
  • Sinulog Sa Bansalan - every 28th day of January



  • St. Mary's College of Bansalan - Dahlia Street
  • University of Mindanao Bansalan Campus - Ramon Delos Cientos Sr. Street, National Highway
  • Nazareth High School - Nazareno Street
  • St. Therese School of Bansalan - Nebrada Subdivision
  • Gracious Redeemer Accelerated Christian Education - Lily Street, Poblacion
  • Global System Institute of Technology - Ramon Delos Cientos Sr. Street, National Highway
  • GRS School of Bansalan - Lily Street
  • Mt. Carmel Development Academy - Kinuskusan


  • Alegre Elementary School - Barangay Alegre
  • Altavista Elementary School - Barangay Altavista
  • Anonang Elementary School - Barangay Anonang
  • Balutakay Elementary School - Barangay Balutakay
  • Bansalan Central Elementary School - Barangay Poblacion Uno
  • Bitaug Elementary School - Barangay Bitaug
  • Bonifacio Elementary School - Barangay Bonifacio
  • Buenavista Elementary School - Barangay Buenavista
  • Darapuay Elementary School - Barangay Darapuay
  • Dolo Elementary School - Barangay Dolo
  • Dr. Pedro Arches National High School - Barangay Managa
  • Eman Elementary School - Barangay Eman
  • Kinuskusan Elementary School - Barangay Kinuskusan
  • Libertad Elementary School - Barangay Libertad
  • Linawan Elementary School - Barangay Linawan
  • Mabuhay Elementary School - Barangay Mabuhay
  • Mabunga Elementary School - Barangay Mabunga
  • Managa Elementary School - Barangay Managa
  • Marber Elementary School - Barangay Marber
  • Marber National High School - Barangay Marber
  • New Clarin Elementary School - Barangay New Clarin
  • Rizal Elementary School - Barangay Rizal
  • Sibayan Elementary School - Barangay Sibayan
  • Mabunga Elementary School - Barangay Mabunga
  • Tinongtogan Elementary School - Barangay Tinongtogan
  • Union Elementary School - Barangay Union
  • Villa Doneza Central Elem. School - Barangay Tubod
  • Vicente Duterte Elementary School - Barangay Sto Niño


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Davao del Sur". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ "Bansalan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  6. ^ "R.A. No. 1902, An Act Creating the Municipality of Matanao, Province of Davao". Archived from the original on 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  7. ^ "R.A. No. 1674, An Act Converting Certain Sitios in the Municipality of Bansalan, Province of Davao, into Barrios". Archived from the original on 2012-07-17. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  8. ^ "R.A. No. 2106, An Act Changing the Name of the Barrio of Kialeg in the Municipality of Bansalan, Province of Davao, to Barrio Magsaysay". Archived from the original on 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
  9. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Davao del Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

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