Banski dvori

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Ban's Court
Banski dvori
250px
The main façade of the Banski dvori
Alternative names Government Building
General information
Architectural style Baroque classicism
Location Gornji Grad–Medveščak
Address 1-2 St. Mark's Square
Town or city Zagreb
Country Croatia
Current tenants Government of Croatia
Completed 18th century
Owner Republic of Croatia
Technical details
Floor count 2

Banski dvori (pronounced [bâːnskiː dvɔ̌ːri], Ban's Court) is a historical building on the west side of St. Mark's Square in Zagreb, Croatia. It served as the official residence of the Croatian Bans (viceroys) and is currently occupied by the Croatian Government.

History[edit]

The Banski dvori is a two-story baroque building constructed by Ignaz Gyulai in the first half of the 19th century. It was the residence of Croatian bans from 1809 to 1918, hence the name banski dvori ("palace of the ban"). During this period it housed the Tabula Banalis and later the Royal Court Table. Ban Josip Jelačić, for whom Ban Jelačić Square is named, was a resident of Banski dvori.[1]

During World War II and the Independent State of Croatia (1941-1945) it served as office of Poglavnik Ante Pavelić and was called Poglavnikovi dvori (Poglavnik's Residence).

From 1945 to 1991, the period of the SFR Yugoslavia, the Banski dvori was the official residence of the Presidency of the Socialist Republic of Croatia. In May 1990 it became the official residence of the Croatian government.

On October 7, 1991 the Yugoslav People's Army carried out an airstrike targeted at Franjo Tuđman, the newly elected president of Croatia, Stipe Mesić, the president of Presidency of Yugoslavia, and Ante Marković, the Yugoslav prime-minister; all survived the attack. On the following day the Croatian Parliament declared independence, and this date is commemorated as a public holiday in Croatia.

In 1992 the President of Croatia moved its residence to the Presidential Palace, Zagreb (at Pantovčak).

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Upper Town Zagreb, Gornji grad (2014 ed.). Zagreb: Izdavac. p. 12. 

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 45°48′59″N 15°58′24″E / 45.816315°N 15.973224°E / 45.816315; 15.973224