Banu Isam

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The Banu Isam were a Berber Muslim dynasty that ruled Ceuta, present-day Spain, for four generations. The town had been destroyed in a rebellion, and was lying waste; sometime in the middle of the 9th century, Mâjakas, chief of the Berber Majkasa tribe, resettled it and founded a dynasty that ruled the town until the Umayyads took it over in 931.[1]

Its kings were:

  • Mâjakas
  • `Isâm, son of Mâjakas
  • Majîr, son of `Isâm
  • Ridâ, son of `Isâm (?-931), who paid allegiance to the Idrisids, but surrendered the city to the Umayyads when the Idrisid capital fell.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sabta, Halima Ferhat, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. 8, ed. C.E. Bosworth, E. Van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs and G. Lecomte, (Brill, 1995), 690; " It was a refuge for Arab forces during the Kharidjite rebellion, an Idrisid principality (it was allegedly occupied by Idris I in 173/789-90), as the capital of the Banu 'Isam, who appear more as an independent dynasty than as Idrisid governors, occupied by the Umayyads of Cordova in 319/931 and became a pawn in the struggle against the Fatimids."