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|Official name||Appellation d'origine contrôlée|
|Year established||1936 (Banyuls) and|
1962 (Banyuls Grands Crus)
|Grapes produced||Carignan, Grenache blanc, Grenache gris, Grenache noir, Macabeu, Malvoisie and Muscat|
Banyuls is a French appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) for a fortified apéritif or dessert wine made from old vines cultivated in terraces on the slopes of the Catalan Pyrenees in the Roussillon county of France, bordering, to the south, the Empordà wine region in Catalonia in Spain.
Banyuls Grand Cru is an AOC for superior wines that would otherwise be classified as simply Banyuls. They must be matured for 30 months. The grapes permitted are the same.
The production process, known in France as mutage, is similar to that used to make Port. Alcohol is added to the must to halt fermentation while sugar levels are still high, preserving the natural sweetness of the grape. The wines are then matured in oak barrels, or outside in glass bottles exposed to the sun, allowing the wine to maderise. The maturation period is a minimum of ten months for Banyuls AOC. The resulting wine bears a similarity to port but tends to be lower in alcohol (~16% vs. ~20%).
Grapes and wines
Most wines are red, although some white wines are produced. Permitted grape varieties are Grenache noir (at least 50%, 75% for the Grand Cru), Grenache gris, Grenache blanc and Carignan, and also (but rarely used) Macabeu, Muscat and Malvoisie.
Producers of note in Banyuls making traditional Banyuls wines include Domaine de la Rectorie, Domaine Vial-Magneres, Domaine du Traginer Domain Madeloc and Domaine du Mas Blanc . A groupement, which is an association of local growers, the Cave de l'Abbe Rous, is one of the larger producers in the region. To the north, in Collioure, Domaine de la Tour Vieille also has vineyard holdings in the Banyuls AOC.