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Banzuiin Chōbei (1622–1657)(幡随院長兵衛) was a historical street tough of Japan's Edo period who, according to later fictionalized portrayals of his life in literature and drama, fought against injustices, and to protect the common people from the abuses of the samurai aristocracy. Born in Karatsu as Tsukamoto Itarō (塚本伊太郎), he established himself in the Asakusa district of Edo, where he led of a band of machi-yakko and founded an employment agency for ronin. Trained as a warrior, he was renowned for his swordsmanship.
Following his death, Chōbei became a popular figure in literature and drama. A 1974 prime-time television jidaigeki series, Banzuiin Chōbei Omachi Nasei (幡随院長兵衛 お待ちなせぇ), starred Mikijirō Hira as Chōbei.
- This character type is known as an otokodate in Japanese literature and drama.
- Frédéric, Louis. "Banzuiin Chōbei." Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002.
- Sansom, George. A History of Japan: 1615-1867. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1963.