|Traded as||SSE: 600019|
|Products||Steel, flat steel products, long steel products, wire products, plates|
|Revenue||US$ 21.7 billion (2009)|
|Owner||Central People's Government (SASAC)|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||Baosteel Group Finance Co.
Fortune Trust & Investment Co.
Shanghai Baosteel Engineering & Equipment Co.
Shanghai Baosight Software Co.
Shanghai Baosteel Chemical Co.
Shanghai Baosteel Business Development Co.
Baosteel Group Enterprise Development Co.
|Footnotes / references
|Shanghai Baosteel Group Corporation|
|Literal meaning||Shanghai Baosteel Group Corporation|
|Literal meaning||Baoshan Steel|
Baosteel is the fourth-largest steel producer in the world measured by crude steel output (after ArcelorMittal), with an annual output of around 40 million tons (China's total steel production in 2012 was 716 million tons). It employs 130,401 employees as of the end of 2012, has annual revenues of around $21.5 billion, and produces a mix of products.
Beginning in 1978, the Chinese government began to institute economic reforms. Plans called for a large integrated steel production facility to be located near the port of Shanghai. The Baoshan District, a suburb of Shanghai, was chosen as the site and Japanese assistance was enlisted in constructing one of the most modern steel plants of the time. As the government's flagship steel company, Baoshan Iron and Steel as it was originally called, benefitted from acquiring the engineers and managers, access to technology, and receiving government contracts.
Baoshan Iron and Steel also benefitted from the Chinese economic expansion which consumed all the steel available. However, with the continuing liberalization of the Chinese economy, Baoshan found itself in competition with new rivals, both foreign and domestic. The company decided to add an export trade marketing component to remain competitive; it scored notable success in South Korea. Although hurt by the Asian financial crisis, Baoshan pushed through with a merger of other money losing state owned enterprises, though it had managed to remain profitable itself. On November 17, 1998, the former Baoshan Iron and Steel (Group) Corporation absorbed the Shanghai Metallurgical Holding Group Corporation (上海冶金控股集团公司) and the Shanghai Meishan Group Co. (上海梅山集团公司) to form Shanghai Baosteel Group Corporation. The new conglomerate was the largest steel producer in the country with annual steel production of nearly 20 million tons.
Baosteel also found partnerships with former domestic rivals in the Shougang Group and Wuhan Iron and Steel Group Corporation, entering into an alliance in 2001. In the same year Baosteel signed an agreement with ThyssenKrupp of Germany.
The company has ambitious plans for expansion, currently constructing a facility in Zhanjiang, Guangdong, at the cost of $10 billion; it is expected to come into production by the end of the decade. Baosteel also intends on launching an IPO, likely in Hong Kong, on top of its current listing on the Shanghai Stock Exchange.
- 23.8 Mton Shanghai Baosteel Group Corporation (China)
- 16.1 Mton Tangshan (China)
- 14.6 Mton Shagang Group (China)
- 12.0 Mton Wuhan Iron and Steel (China)
- 11.9 Mton Anshan (China)
- 10.5 Mton Shougang (China)
- 10.4 Mton Jinan (China)
- 10.3 Mton Laiwu (China)
- 9.6 Mton Maanshan (China)
- "Financial Statements for Baoshan Iron & Steel Co. Ltd.". Google Finance. Retrieved 2009-12-11.
- "About Baosteel". Retrieved 2009-12-11.
- "Contact Us." Baosteel. Retrieved on November 10, 2012. "ADD:Baosteel Tower, Pu Dian Road 370, Pudong New District, Shanghai, 200122, P.R. China Postal Code:200122" - Chinese: "上海市浦东新区浦电路370号宝钢大厦"
- Annual steel output of China in 2012
- Sirkin, Harold L.; James W. Hemerling; and Arindam K. Bhattacharya (2008-06-11). GLOBALITY: Competing with Everyone from Everywhere for Everything. New York: Business Plus, 304. ISBN 0-446-17829-2.