Baoulé language

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RegionIvory Coast
EthnicityBaoulé people
Native speakers
(2.1 million cited 1993)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3bci

Baoulé, also called Baule or Bawule, is a Central Tano language spoken in Ivory Coast.

The Baoulé are an Akan people living in the central region of Ivory Coast. Baoulé-speaking areas include Bouaké, Yamoussoukro, Bouaflé, Béoumi, Sakassou, Toumodi, Dimbokro, M'Bahiakro, and Tiassalé.

As an example of the language, the phrase "Nyanmien Kpli lafiman" means "God the Greatest never sleeps."

Translations of the Bible[edit]

In 1946, portions of the Bible translated into Baoulé were first published; the full New Testament followed in 1953.[3] The complete Bible was published first in 1998, by the Bible Society in Abidjan.
On August 10, 2018, the New World Translation of the Christian Greek Scriptures was released in Baoule. The New World Translation is published by the Jehovah's Witnesses, and has been translated in whole or in part into more than 160 languages.



Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Labial-
Plosive voiceless p t c k kp
voiced b d ɟ g gb
Fricative voiceless f s
voiced v z
Nasal m n ɲ
Lateral l
Trill r
Approximant j w


Front Back
Close i ĩ u ũ
Close-mid e o
Open-mid ɛ ɛ̃ ɔ ɔ̃
Open a ã


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Baoulé at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Baoule". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Baoulé at World Scriptures
  4. ^ "Système alphabétique de la langue baoulé". Retrieved 2017-01-29.
  5. ^ Kouadio N'guessan, Jérémie; Kouame, Kouakou (2004). Parlons baoulé: langue et culture de la Côte d'Ivoire. Paris: L'Harmattan.

External links[edit]