Bapatla

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Bapatla
Bhavapatta, Bhavapattu, Bhavapattana, Bhavapuri
Town
Bapatla is located in Andhra Pradesh
Bapatla
Bapatla
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 15°54′16″N 80°28′3″E / 15.90444°N 80.46750°E / 15.90444; 80.46750Coordinates: 15°54′16″N 80°28′3″E / 15.90444°N 80.46750°E / 15.90444; 80.46750
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Guntur
Mandal Bapatla
Named for Bhavanarayana Swamy
Government[1]
 • Type Municipal council
 • Body Bapatla Municipality
 • MLA Kona Raghupathi
Area[2]
 • Total 17.92 km2 (6.92 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 6 m (20 ft)
Population (2011)[4]
 • Total 70,777
 • Density 3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 522 101
Vehicle registration AP–07
Lok Sabha constituency Bapatla (SC)
Assembly constituency Bapatla
Website bapatla.cdma.ap.gov.in/en

Bapatla is a town in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the mandal headquarters of Bapatla mandal of Tenali revenue division.[5][2]

Etymology[edit]

The town was formerly known as Bhavapattana,[6] Bhavapuri,[6] Bhavapattu[7] and Bhavapatta.[8] The names were derived from the Bhavanarayana Temple located in the town. Later, these names were transformed to the present name of Bapatla.[9]

Geography[edit]

The coordinates of the town are 15°54′16″N 80°28′3″E / 15.90444°N 80.46750°E / 15.90444; 80.46750 and is located at an altitude of 8 km from the coast of Bay of Bengal.[3]

Climate[edit]

The town experiences tropical climate with the average annual temperatures records at 28.4 °C (83.1 °F). Hot summers and cool winters are observed due to its proximity to the coast of Bay of Bengal. It receives both South west monsoon and North-east monsoon as well.[10] The precipitation is very high with an annual rainfall of about 854 millimetres (34 in) and the month of October receives a maximum rainfall of 197 millimetres (8 in).[11] It is most effected by the Cyclonic storms that occur on the east coast.[12]

Climate data for Bapatla City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.8
(85.6)
32.2
(90)
34.7
(94.5)
36.8
(98.2)
39.3
(102.7)
37.5
(99.5)
33.3
(91.9)
32.9
(91.2)
32.8
(91)
31.7
(89.1)
30.3
(86.5)
29.2
(84.6)
33.38
(92.07)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
26.2
(79.2)
28.7
(83.7)
31.4
(88.5)
33.6
(92.5)
32.6
(90.7)
29.5
(85.1)
29.2
(84.6)
29
(84)
28
(82)
25.7
(78.3)
24.1
(75.4)
28.53
(83.33)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
20.3
(68.5)
22.8
(73)
25.8
(78.4)
28
(82)
27.7
(81.9)
25.7
(78.3)
25.5
(77.9)
25.3
(77.5)
24.2
(75.6)
21.1
(70)
19
(66)
23.7
(74.59)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.04)
4
(0.16)
6
(0.24)
14
(0.55)
56
(2.2)
115
(4.53)
171
(6.73)
161
(6.34)
151
(5.94)
159
(6.26)
58
(2.28)
10
(0.39)
906
(35.66)
Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 26 m)[13]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 70,777 with 18,216 households. The total population constitute, 34,385 males and 36,392 females —a sex ratio of 1058 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[14] 6,182 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 3,156 are boys and 3,026 are girls—a ratio of 959 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 80.67% with 52,106 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[2][15]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration

Bapatla Municipality was established in 1951. It oversees the civic needs of the town like, water supply, sewage, garbage collection etc. It is a Grade–II municipality which has an extent of 17.92 km2 (6.92 sq mi) with 34 wards.[1]

Utility services

Kommamuru and Poondla channels of Krishna Western Delta system provides irrigation water to Bapatla and the surrounding areas.[16]

Politics

Bapatla being a part of Bapatla mandal, falls under Bapatla assembly constituency of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Kona Raghupathi of YSR Congress Party is the present MLA of the constituency.[17] The assembly segment is in turn a part of Bapatla (SC) lok sabha constituency and the present Member of parliament is Malyadri Sriram of Telugu Desam Party.[18][19]

Economy[edit]

Aquaculture and agriculture are the main occupations of the coastal areas of the town. Aquaculture involves Pisciculture and the farming is dominant with Paddy cultivation.[20][10] The Cairn India have conducted oil drilling onshore of Bapatla which is a part of KG basin stretch.[21] The Tourism also plays a role in generating revenue with the presence of Suryalanka Beach near the town, operated by the Andhra Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation.[22]

Culture[edit]

The 1948 built Clock Tower (re-built at post office junction) is the landmark of the town.[23] The town has various religious structures depicting presence of different worshipers such as, Bhavanarayana Temple, Centenary Baptist Zion Church[24] etc.[23] The Suryalanka Beach connected by the Beach Road of the town hosts the Bhavapuri Beach Festival.[22]

Transport[edit]

The town has a total road length of 165.50 km (102.84 mi).[25] APSRTC operates its bus services to various parts of the state from Bapatla bus station.[26] The National Highway 214A passes through the town, which connects Digamarru and Ongole.[27] State Highway 48 also known as Guntur-Bapatla-Chirala Road passes through Ponnur and connects the town with the district headquarters, Guntur.[28][29] Bapatla railway station is located on the Howrah-Chennai main line of Indian Railways. It is a B–category station and was recognised as an Adarsh station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[30]

Education and research[edit]

Bapatla Engineering College

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[31][32] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

The town has many schools, colleges and universities. The Agricultural College was established on 11 July 1945 by Government of Composite Madras State. It is the oldest of all the colleges under Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University.[33] Bapatla Engineering College, College of Food Science and Technology,[34] Bapatla Polytechnic College,[35] Bapatla College of Arts & Sciences[36] are other prominent ones.

Research and defense establishments

Automatic weather station of India Meteorological Department is located in the town which records the temperatures.[37] BPT 5204 (rice variety of Sona Masuri), BPT 2270 (Bhavapuri Sannalu) and BPT 2231 (Akshaya) were developed at this Rice Research unit.[38][39] There are also a number of research institutes of this Agricultural University, such as the AICRP on Betelvine, Cashew Research Station are among others.[40]

Air Force base

Suryalanka Indian Air Force base on the shore of the Bay of Bengal is located near Bapatla. The base carries out activities such as, testing missiles and guided weapon firing range.[41]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "District Census Handbook – Guntur" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 14,46. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Bapatla, India". fallingrain.com. 
  4. ^ "Census 2011" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Guntur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 102,112. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Stories of Bapatla, a Seacoast Town". The Hans India. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  7. ^ Kumari, M. Krishna (1985-09-01). Rule Of The Chalukya-Cholas In Andhradesa. B.R. Pub. Corp. 
  8. ^ Annual Report of the Department of Archaeology & Museums, Andhra Pradesh .. Government of Andhra Pradesh. 1981. 
  9. ^ "Bhavanarayana Swamy Temple". Official website of Guntur District. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "Water woes bog down Bapatla ryots". 28 October 2015. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  11. ^ "CLIMATE: BAPATLA". Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  12. ^ "Cylcones and depressions over the north Indian Ocean during 2010" (PDF). MAUSAM. 62: 287. 3 July 2011. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  13. ^ "Climate: Guntur – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 16 February 2016. 
  14. ^ "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  15. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  16. ^ "Water woes bog down Bapatla ryots". The Hindu. 28 October 2015. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  17. ^ "MLA". AP State Portal. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  18. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 22,31. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  19. ^ "MP (Lok Sabha)". Government of AP. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  20. ^ Avadhani, R (31 August 2014). "Floating sensor buoy saves aqua farmers from ‘drowning’". The Hindu. Sangareddy. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 
  21. ^ Sudhakar Reddy, U (Sep 16, 2015). "Oil search moves to Guntur". Deccan Chronicle. Hyderabad. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  22. ^ a b Sujatha Varma, P (23 December 2015). "Plans apace for Bhavapuri Beach Festival". The Hindu. Guntur. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 
  23. ^ a b "Clock Tower to be built again at Bapatla". The Hindu. Bapatla. 25 October 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  24. ^ "115-year-old Baptist Zion Church dedicated". The Hindu. Bapatla. 30 November 2015. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  25. ^ "Details of Roads in each ULB of Andhra Pradesh". Commissioner and Directorate of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration and Urban Developmemt Department – Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  26. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  27. ^ "National Highways in A.P". AP Online Portal. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  28. ^ Samuel Jonathan, P (8 October 2015). "Nizampatnam backwaters beckon adventure geeks". The Hindu. Guntur. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  29. ^ "Narrow roads prove to be a bane at Ponnur". The Hindu. Ponnur (Guntur district. 8 June 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2016. }
  30. ^ "Vijayawada division – A Profile" (PDF). South Central Railway. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  31. ^ "School Eduvation Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  32. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  33. ^ "Agricultural College, Bapatla". agcbapatla.in. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  34. ^ "College of Food Science & Technology – Bapatla". angrau.ac.in. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  35. ^ ":: Bapatla Polytechnic College ::". Bpcbapatla.net. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  36. ^ "The Bapatla College of Arts & Sciences". bcasbapatla.ac.in. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  37. ^ "List of Automatic Weather Stations (AWS)" (PDF). Indian Meteorological Department, AWS Lab. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  38. ^ "Sona Masuri variety rice". Business Standard. Chennai/ Hyderabad. 30 November 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  39. ^ Samuel Jonathan, P (25 May 2010). "Two new rice varieties developed". Guntur. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  40. ^ "List of Research Stations in the Krishna Zone". angrau.ac.in. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  41. ^ Samuel Jonathan, P (19 February 2015). "Southern Air Command chief visits Suryalanka IAF station". Bapatla. Retrieved 28 February 2016.