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African sandalwood flower 1.jpg
Baphia nitida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Baphieae[1]
Genus: Baphia

See text.

Baphia distribution.svg
Range of the genus Baphia.[2]
  • Baphia sect. Delaria (Desv.) Benth.
  • Bracteolaria Hochst.
  • Carpolobia G. Don
  • Delaria Desv.

Baphia is a small genus of legumes that bear simple leaves.[3] Baphia is from the Greek word βάπτω (báptō-, "to dip" or "to dye"), referring to a red dye that is extracted from the heartwood of tropical species.[3][4] The genus is restricted to the African tropics. Baphia was traditionally assigned to the tribe Sophoreae;[5] however, recent molecular phylogenetic analyses reassigned Baphia to the Baphieae tribe.[1][6][7][8]


Baphia comprises the following species:[2][9][10][11]

Section Alata M.O.Soladoye[edit]

Section Baphia Lodd.[edit]

Series Baphia Lodd.[edit]

Series Contiguinae M.O.Soladoye[edit]

Series Spathaceae M.O.Soladoye[edit]

Section Bracteolaria (Hochst.) Benth.[edit]

Section Longibracteolatae (Lester-Garland) M.O.Soladoye[edit]

Series Chrysophyllae M.O.Soladoye[edit]

  • Baphia burttii Baker f.
  • Baphia chrysophylla Taubert
    • subsp. chrysophylla Taubert
    • subsp. claessensii (De Wild.) Brummitt
  • Baphia cuspidata Taubert
  • Baphia massaiensis Taubert
    • subsp. busseana (Harms) M.O.Soladoye
    • subsp. floribunda Brummitt
    • subsp. gomesii (Baker f.) Brummitt
    • subsp. massaiensis Taubert
    • subsp. obovata (Schinz) Brummitt
      • var. cornifolia (Harms) M.O.Soladoye
      • var. obovata (Schinz) M.O.Soladoye
      • var. whitei (Brummitt) M.O.Soladoye
  • Baphia speciosa J.B.Gillett & Brummitt

Series Macranthae M.O.Soladoye[edit]

Series Striatae (Lester Garland) M.O.Soladoye[edit]

  • Baphia leptobotrys Harms
    • subsp. leptobotrys Harms
    • subsp. silvatica (Harms) M.O.Soladoye
  • Baphia pilosa Baillon
    • subsp. batangensis (Harms) M.O.Soladoye
    • subsp. pilosa Baillon

Section Macrobaphia Harms emend. M.O.Soladoye[edit]

Incertae Sedis[edit]

Species names with uncertain taxonomic status[edit]

The status of the following species is unresolved:[11]

  • Baphia glauca A. Chev.
  • Baphia longepetiolata Taub.
  • Baphia madagascariensis C.H. Stirt. & Du Puy
  • Baphia megaphylla Breteler
  • Baphia radcliffei Baker f.


  1. ^ a b Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk B-E, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001. 
  2. ^ a b c Soladoye MO (1985). "A revision of Baphia (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae)". Kew Bulletin. 40 (2): 291–386. doi:10.2307/4108263. JSTOR 4108263. 
  3. ^ a b Pooley E. (1997). Trees of Natal, Zululand and Transkei. Durban: Natal Flora Publications Trust. p. 160. ISBN 0-620-17697-0. 
  4. ^ "Baphia". Legumes of the World. Kew Royal Botanic Gardens. Retrieved November 3, 2016. 
  5. ^ Polhill RM (1981). "Sophoreae". In Polhill RM, Raven PH. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 1. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 213–230. ISBN 9780855212247. 
  6. ^ Pennington RT, Lavin M, Ireland H, Klitgaard B, Preston J, Hu J-M (2001). "Phylogenetic relationships of basal papilionoid legumes based upon sequences of the chloroplast trnL intron". Syst Bot. 55 (5): 818–836. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-26.3.537. 
  7. ^ Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M, Sanderson MJ (2004). "A phylogeny of legumes (Leguminosae) based on analysis of the plastid matK gene resolves many well-supported subclades within the family". Am J Bot. 91 (11): 1846–862. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.11.1846. PMID 21652332. 
  8. ^ Cardoso D, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, de Lima HC, Fonty É, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2012). "Revisiting the phylogeny of papilionoid legumes: New insights from comprehensively sampled early-branching lineages". Am J Bot. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200380. PMID 23221500. 
  9. ^ "ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Baphia". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 3 November 2016. 
  10. ^ USDA; ARS; National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Baphia". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 3 November 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "The Plant List entry for Baphia". The Plant List. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2016.