|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2010)|
|Origin||Rio de Janeiro City, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|Genres||Brazilian rock, alternative rock, blues rock, hard rock, pop rock, MPB|
|Labels||Warner Music Group|
Barão Vermelho is a Brazilian rock band. Formed in 1981 in Rio de Janeiro, it was originally led by songwriting duo Cazuza (singer) and Roberto Frejat (guitarist), which assumed the vocals after Cazuza's departure in 1986. They are considered one of the most influential bands of the 1980s generation.
The band, named after Snoopy's "Red Baron" strips, began in 1981, in Rio de Janeiro, as a literal garage band, when Maurício Carvalho de Barros and Flávio Augusto Goffi Marquesini (Guto Goffi), both studying at Imaculada Conceição High School, got together to play Rolling Stones and Led Zeppelin at the former's parents' house. Guitarist Roberto Frejat and bassist André Palmeira Cunha (Dé) joined them, and the band began to look for a singer. One candidate was singer and guitarist Léo Jaime from Goiás, who turned the band down, considering the band "too heavy" for his taste. Jaime suggested one of his colleagues at acting class, Agenor Miranda Araújo Neto, more commonly known as Cazuza, and noted that he was "the son of João Araújo" - a reference that the barões missed, only later learning that João Araújo was an executive at Som Livre, one of Brazil's largest record companies. Cazuza showed them some lyrics that he had already written, and Barão Vermelho, which had been a cover band until then, began writing their own songs.
They recorded the LP "Barão Vermelho" by Som Livre in only two days in 1982. The album included songs such as "Bilhetinho Azul", "Ponto Fraco" and "Down em Mim." They played in a few concerts in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo and returned to the studio for a month to record their second album "Barão Vermelho 2", which was released in 1983 and which includes the song "Pro Dia Nascer Feliz".
Despite having released two albums the radios refused to play their songs. Barão only gained recognition after Caetano Veloso called Cazuza the greatest poet of his generation and played a cover of "Todo amor que houver nessa vida", and Ney Matogrosso recorded "Pro Dia Nascer Feliz". As a result they were invited to write the soundtrack for a film called "Bete Balanço" in 1984, spreading their fame across the country. This same year they released their third album: "Maior Abandonado", which includes the song "Bete Balanço". This album sold more than 100 thousand copies in only 6 months. In January 1985, Barão Vermelho played at Rock In Rio.
Cazuza had already expressed his desire to pursue a solo career, and had Frejat's support as long as he didn't leave the band. However, after some fights, Cazuza left the band for good, taking with him a few songs for his first solo album. Frejat took over as singer and in 1986 the band released their fourth album, "Declare Guerra." Though famous artists like Renato Russo and Arnaldo Antunes helped compose the album, it didn't receive much promotion. In 1987 they released their 5th album, "Rock'n Geral". The album received good reviews, but sold poorly, selling less than 15 thousand copies. This same year Mauricio left the band and Peninha entered as a percussionist and Magalhães as guitarist. Barros would return as a guest musician in many Barão albums.
Back on the Charts
In 1988 the band released their next album, "Carnaval", which mixed hard rock with romantic lyrics. The album was a huge success on the radio, guaranteeing Barão Vermelho the opportunity to open for Rod Stewart in Brazil. The following year, with their popularity high, they released their seventh album, "Barão ao Vivo" (Barão Live), and this same year Som Livre released the collection, "Os melhores momentos de Cazuza e o Barão Vermelho" (The best moments of Cazuza and Barão Vermelho). The album included rare and previously unreleased tracks such as "Eclipse Oculto" and "Eu queria ter uma bomba".
In 1990 bassist, Dé, left the band after continuous fights, and Dadi entered in his place. This same year, Barão recorded and released "Na Calada da Noite", showing their acoustic side. This album included the song "O Poeta está Vivo"- an allusion to Cazuza who would pass away a few months later from AIDS.
The band released the albums Supermercados da Vida (1992, includes the hit "Pedra Flor Espinho") and Carne Crua (1994, "Meus bons amigos") before Dadi left, being replaced by Rodrigo Santos. In 1995, the band opened for the Rolling Stones in the Brazilian Voodoo Lounge shows, and in the following year released an album of covers, Álbum, with the most successful song being a version of Bezerra da Silva's "Malandragem Dá Um Tempo".
In 1998, Barão released Puro êxtase, an techno-influenced album that became their most successful in the decade, led by the elctronica "Puro Extase" and the ballad "Por Você". The following year they recorded an album for MTV Brasil, Balada MTV.
Barão entered a hiatus in the early 2000s, so Frejat could focused in his solo career. The band came back to release another album, titled Barão Vermelho, in 2004. The following year saw the release of a MTV Live album, which includes "Codinome Beija-Flor", a Cazuza song sampled to simulate a duet. In January 2007 the band entered a hiatus, and the members are pursuing their own solo careers. There's no telling when the band might get back together; however, they are preparing to release a book about their career and a DVD with their historic show at Rock in Rio 1.
- 1982 - Barão Vermelho
- 1983 - Barão Vermelho 2
- 1984 - Maior Abandonado
- 1985 - Ao Vivo no Rock in rio I
- 1986 - Declare Guerra
- 1987 - Rock'n Geral
- 1988 - Carnaval
- 1989 - Barão ao Vivo
- 1990 - Na Calada da Noite
- 1991 - MTV Acústico
- 1992 - Supermercados da Vida
- 1994 - Carne Crua
- 1996 - Álbum
- 1997 - Remix + Ao Vivo
- 1998 - Puro Êxtase
- 1999 - Balada MTV
- 2004 - Barão Vermelho
- 2005 - MTV Ao Vivo
- Roberto Frejat — rhythm guitar (since 1981) and vocal (since 1985)
- Guto Goffi — drums (since 1981)
- Fernando Magalhães — guitar (since 1985)
- Peninha — percussion (since 1985)
- Rodrigo Santos — bass (since 1992)
- Maurício Barros — keyboards (official 1981-1987, since 1988 recurrent guest musician)
- Cazuza — vocal (deceased)
- Dé Palmeira — bass
- Sergio Serra — guitar
- Dapieve, Arthur (2000), p. 66
- Dapieve, Arthur (2000), Brock - o rock brasileiro dos anos 80, Rio de Janeiro: Editora 34, ISBN 85-7326-008-4