Bar Giora

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Bar Giora
Bar Giora is located in Jerusalem, Israel
Bar Giora
Bar Giora
Coordinates: 31°43′46.2″N 35°4′19.55″E / 31.729500°N 35.0720972°E / 31.729500; 35.0720972Coordinates: 31°43′46.2″N 35°4′19.55″E / 31.729500°N 35.0720972°E / 31.729500; 35.0720972
CouncilMateh Yehuda
AffiliationMishkei Herut Beitar
Founded18 October 1950
Founded byYemenite Jews

Bar Giora (Hebrew: בַּר גִּיּוֹרָא) is a moshav in the Judean Mountains in Israel. Located between Beit Shemesh and Jerusalem, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2018 it had a population of 672.[1]


The village was initially founded by the Herut movement on 18 October 1950 by immigrants from Yemen, and was first named Allar-Bet, later to be called Ramat Shimon.[2] It was established on land belonging to the Palestinian village of Allar, which became depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. It is situated northeast of the Allar village site.[3]

The village was also called Eitanim, until residents eventually settled on the name Bar-Giora, after Simon Bar Giora. The Yemenite immigrants, dissatisfied with conditions in their new village, abandoned the village after a short stint of 2-3 years, and in 1954 the village was resettled by immigrants from Morocco.[citation needed]


The village is home to the Sea Horse and Bar Giora wineries. [4][5]


  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2018" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  2. ^ Herut (newspaper), issues: 20 October 1950, page 8 (Hebrew); 3 December 1951, page 2 (Hebrew)
  3. ^ Khalidi, W. (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 266. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
  4. ^ Gilad, Moshe (11 November 2013). "How Israeli Wine Caught Up to France, Italy and California". Haaretz. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  5. ^ "Bar Giora Winery – A Visit and Tasting Notes | Israeli Wines – Pride of Israel". Retrieved 2 January 2019.

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