Bar U Ranch
|Bar U Ranch|
|Location||Longview, Alberta, Alberta, Canada|
|Nearest city||Foothills No. 31, Alberta|
|Area||148.43 ha, 367 acres|
|Founder||Fred Stimson, George Lane, Patrick Burns|
|Governing body||Parks Canada|
|Website||Parks Canada page|
The Bar U Ranch National Historic Site, located near Longview, Alberta, is a preserved ranch that for 70 years was one of the leading ranching operations in Canada. At its peak, the ranch extended over 160,000 acres (65,000 ha) with 30,000 cattle and 1000 Percheron horses. Two owners were instrumental in the establishment of the Calgary Stampede, forming part of the Big Four.
The ranch was founded by Fred Stimson, whose North West Cattle Company kept cattle on 147,000 acres (59,000 ha) of open range between 1881 and 1902. Stimson used the Bar U brand for NWCC stock. From 1902 to 1925 the Bar U was operated by George Lane and his business partners, whose business ventures included meat packing, mills and other farms and ranches. Lane renamed the operation the Bar U Ranch, buying out his partners in 1908. Lane raised both cattle and Percherons.
From 1927 to 1950 the Bar U was part of a group of ranches operated by Patrick Burns totally 700,000 acres. Burns grew grains on the ranch, which remained one of the largest ranches in Canada during the period.
After 1950 much of the ranch land was sold. The present National Historic Site is the central remnant, owned by Parks Canada, which bought the property in 1991 and opened it to the public in 1995.
A number of prominent personalities were associated with the Bar U. In 1891 Harry Longabaugh was a horse breaker at the Bar U, later becoming known as an outlaw, the Sundance Kid. Edward, Prince of Wales visited the Bar U in 1919 and was so taken with it that he bought a neighboring ranch, which he named the EP. Charles M. Russell painted a series of paintings at the Bar U. Ranch cowboy Everett Johnson was reportedly studied as the lead character for the The Virginian novel and later television show.
- "History Overview". Bar U Ranch National Historic Site of Canada. Parks Canada. 1 September 2009. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
- "Bar U History". Friends of the Bar U.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Friends of the Bar U. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
- "Bar U History". Friends of Bar U Ranch. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- Evans, Simon M.. The Bar U and Canadian Ranching History. University of Calgary Press, 2004. ISBN 978-1-55238-134-2
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