Bara (drum)

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Percussion instrument
Classification Membranophone
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 211.11
(Kettle drum)
Developed West Africa
Bara drum (fitted with rattles or shakers called sékèsékè, sege-sege or ksink-ksink) accompanying balafon (Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso 2015)

The bara (also called bendré)[1] is a spherical hand drum with a body made from a dried gourd or calabash, used in West Africa (primarily Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire,[1] and Mali).[1] Its single head is made of goatskin.[2] To make the drum, a dried gourd is cut on one end and a single head made of goatskin is stretched across the opening.[2] Bara drums come in various sizes, some quite large. The instrument is often used to accompany the balafon.[3]

The bara has been used in the music of the Malian musicians Yaya Diallo and Habib Koité.[4]


  1. ^ a b c "THE BENDRÉ". Retrieved 2009-04-29. 
  2. ^ a b "Bara". BéréSanké Percussion. Archived from the original on 2009-07-07. Retrieved 2009-04-29. 
  3. ^ Pandey, Ashish. Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Music. pp. 61,162. ISBN 81-8205-291-2. 
  4. ^ "Habib Koite interview". Afropop. 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-08-28. 

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