Barabazar (community development block)

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Barabazar
বড়বাজার
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Barabazar is located in West Bengal
Barabazar
Barabazar
Coordinates: 23°01′54.5″N 86°21′31.5″E / 23.031806°N 86.358750°E / 23.031806; 86.358750
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purulia
Parliamentary constituency Jhargram
Assembly constituency Bandwan
Area
 • Total 161.41 sq mi (418.06 km2)
Elevation 751 ft (229 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 170,569
 • Density 1,100/sq mi (410/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 723127 (Barabhum)
Telephone/STD code 03253
Vehicle registration WB-55, WB-56
Literacy Rate 63.27%
Website http://purulia.gov.in/

Barabazar is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Purulia Sadar West subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

The Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[1]

Red corridor[edit]

106 districts spanning 10 states across India, described as being part of the Left Wing Extremism activities, constitutes the Red corridor. In West Bengal the districts of Paschim Medinipur, Bankura, Purulia and Birbhum are part of the Red corridor. However, as of July 2016, there had been no reported incidents of Maoist related activities from these districts for the previous 4 years.[2]

The CPI (Maoist) extremism affected CD Blocks in Purulia district were: Jhalda I, Jhalda II, Arsha, Baghmundi, Balarampur, Barabazar, Manbazar II and Bandwan.[3] Certain reports also included Manbazar I and Joypur CD Blocks and some times indicted the whole of Purulia district.[4]

The Lalgarh movement, which started attracting attention after the failed assassination attempt on Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, then chief minister of West Bengal, in the Salboni area of Paschim Medinipur district, on 2 November 2008 and the police action that followed, had also spread over to these areas.[5] The movement was not just a political struggle but an armed struggle that concurrently took the look of a social struggle. A large number of CPI (M) activists were killed. Although the epi-centre of the movement was Lalgarh, it was spread across 19 police stations in three adjoining districts – Paschim Medinipur, Bankura and Purulia, all thickly forested and near the border with Jharkhand. The deployment of CRPF and other forces started on 11 June 2009. The movement came to an end after the 2011 state assembly elections and change of government in West Bengal. The death of Kishenji, the Maoist commander, on 24 November 2011 was the last major landmark.[5][6]

Geography[edit]

Barabazar is located at 23°01′54.5″N 86°21′31.3″E / 23.031806°N 86.358694°E / 23.031806; 86.358694.

Barabazar CD Block is located in the southern part of the district. The Bagmundi-Bandwan uplands is an area that has descended from the Ranchi Plateau.[7]

Barabazar CD Block is bounded by Arsha and Purulia I CD Blocks on the north, Manbazar I and Manbazar II CD Blocks on the east, Boram and Patamda CD Blocks, in East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand, on the south and Balarampur CD Block on the west.[8][9]

It is located 35 km from Purulia, the district headquarters.[8]

Barabazar CD Block has an area of 418.06 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 122 gram sansads (village councils), 215 mouzas, 202 inhabited villages and 1 census town. Barabazar police station serves this block.[10] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Barabazar.[11]

Gram panchayats of Barabazar block/panchayat samiti are: Baghbandh, Banjora, Bansbera, Barabazar, Berada, Dhelat-Bamu, Latpada, Sindri, Sukurhutu and Tumrasole.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Barabazar CD Block had a total population of 170,569, of which 162,508 were rural and 8,056 were urban. There were 86,353 (51%) males and 64,211 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 23,844. Scheduled Castes numbered 12,599 (7.39%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 33,096 (19.40%).[13]

As per 2001 census, Barabazar block had a total population of 146,917, out of which 74,234 were males and 72,683 were females. Barabazar block registered a population growth of 13.60 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[14] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[15]

Census Towns in Barabazar CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Barabazar (8,056).[13]

Villages in Barabazar CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Sindri (3,972), Banjora (1,903), Sukurhutu (1,760), Berada (2,706), Latpada (2,016), Dhelatbamu (451) and Tumrashou (1,399).[13]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Barabazar CD Block was 92,837 (63.27% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 57,752 (77.84% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 35,085 (48.37%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 29.47%.[13]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religions[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[8]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali was spoken by around 14% of the population of the earlier Manbhum district. Some people also speak Mundari or Kolarian languages such as Kurmali, Mundari and the languages of the Bhumij or Mahli.[16]

Religion in Barabazar CD Block
Hindu
  
87.21%
Muslim
  
4.51%
Christian
  
0.06%
Others
  
8.22%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 148,757 and formed 87.21% of the population in Barabazar CD Block. Muslims numbered 7,689 and formed 4.51% of the population. Christians numbered 96 and formed 0.06% of the population. Others numbered 14,022 and formed 8.22% of the population.[17] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[18] and other religious communities.[17]


Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

199 mouzas in Barabazar CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[19]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Barabazar CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 0.33%, patta (document) holders 12.94%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 7.24%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 23.52% and agricultural labourers 55.98%.[19]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Barabazar CD Block was 8,911.82 hectares, out of which 6,297.81 hectares was by canal irrigation, 1,419.05 hectares by tank water, 112.86 hectares by river lift irrigation, 149.20 hectares by open dug wells and 302.90 hectares by other means.[19]

In 2013-14, Barabazar CD Block produced 109 tonnes of Aus paddy, the summer crop, from 78 hectares, 64,087 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 27,788 hectares, 204 tonnes of Boro paddy, the spring crop, from 71 hectares, 45 tonnes of wheat from 25 hectares, 2,105 tonnes of maize from 1,347 hectares and 1,155 tonnes of potato from 59 hectares. It also produced maskalai and mustard.[19]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Barabazar CD Block had offices of 6 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[19]

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Barabazar CD Block had 8 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station was 19 km from the CD Block headquarters.[19]

SH 4 running from Jhalda (in Purulia district) to Junput (in Purba Medinipur district) pass through this block.[20]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Barabazar CD Block had 203 primary schools with 17,840 students, 34 middle schools with 1,204 students, 3 high schools with 1,072 students and 16 higher secondary schools with 17,357 students. Barabazar CD Block had 1 general college with 862 students and 265 institutions with 10,677 students for special and non-formal education.[19]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Barabazar CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 2 primary health centres, with total 50 beds and 7 doctors. 6,498 patients were treated indoor and 184,677 patients were treated outdoor in the health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Singh, Vijayita. "Red Corridor to be redrawn". The Hindu, 25 July 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "IAP improving lives in Maoist-affected areas". Ideas for India. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Maoists observe 24 hr bandh in five states". UNI, One India. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Lalgarh Battle". Frontline. 17 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  6. ^ "Kishenji's death a serious blow to Maoist movement". The Hindu. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  7. ^ "District Census Handbook Puruliya" (PDF). pages 11,12. Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c "Balarampur Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "Purulia district". Blocks in Purulia district. Purulia district administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  10. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  11. ^ "District Census Handbook: Puruliya" (PDF). Map of District Puruliya with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2016. 
  12. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  14. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Puruliya District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  15. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  16. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers - Manbhum by H. Coupland, ICS". Section 72, First Published 1911. University of California, San Diego. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  17. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  18. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 8.2, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  20. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 3 October 2016.