Baraga County, Michigan

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Baraga County, Michigan
Baraga County Courthouse and Annex.JPG
Baraga County Courthouse and annex, July 2014
Seal of Baraga County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Baraga County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded February 19, 1875[1][2]
Named for Frederic Baraga
Seat L'Anse
Largest village Baraga
Area
 • Total 1,069 sq mi (2,769 km2)
 • Land 898 sq mi (2,326 km2)
 • Water 171 sq mi (443 km2), 16%
Population
 • (2010) 8,860
 • Density 9.9/sq mi (3.8/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.baragacounty.org
Hogback Mountain from Wetmore Landing, in the Huron Mountains

Baraga County (/ˈbærəɡə/ BARR-ə-gə) is a county in the Upper Peninsula in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,860.[3] The county seat is L'Anse.[4] The county is named after Bishop Frederic Baraga.[1] The L'Anse Indian Reservation of the Ojibwa is located within the county.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,069 square miles (2,770 km2), of which 898 square miles (2,330 km2) is land and 171 square miles (440 km2) (16%) is water.[5]

The county is located in the state's Upper Peninsula on the shore of Lake Superior, at the southeast base of the Keweenaw Peninsula. The villages of Baraga and L'Anse are located at the base of Lake Superior's Keweenaw Bay. Point Abbaye projects north into the lake, enclosing Huron Bay. The eastern two-thirds of the county includes much of the Huron Mountains, including Mount Arvon—the highest natural point in Michigan at 1,979 feet (603 m).

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,804
18903,03668.3%
19004,32042.3%
19106,12741.8%
19207,66225.1%
19309,16819.7%
19409,3562.1%
19508,037−14.1%
19607,151−11.0%
19707,7898.9%
19808,4848.9%
19907,954−6.2%
20008,74610.0%
20108,8601.3%
Est. 20168,503[6]−4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[3]

The 2010 United States Census[11] indicates Baraga County had a population of 8,860. This is an increase of 114 people from the 2000 United States Census. This is a 1.3% change in population. In 2010 there were 3,444 households and 2,209 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 5,270 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). 75.0% of the population were White, 13.1% Native American, 7.2% Black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 4.4% of two or more races. 1.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 22.5% were of Finnish, 9.1% German, 8.8% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 5.6% English and 5.5% Irish ancestry.[12]

There were 3,444 households out of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 7% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.9 years. 54.9% of the population was male, 45.1% was female.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,115, and the median income for a family was $50,996. The per capita income for the county was $19,076. About 9.5% of families and 13% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 61.3% 2,158 32.9% 1,156 5.8% 204
2012 53.5% 1,866 45.1% 1,574 1.4% 50
2008 50.5% 1,846 47.2% 1,725 2.2% 82
2004 53.7% 1,977 45.1% 1,660 1.3% 47
2000 54.1% 1,836 41.3% 1,400 4.6% 157
1996 36.7% 1,209 48.6% 1,601 14.7% 484
1992 32.0% 1,160 46.7% 1,695 21.4% 775
1988 47.9% 1,630 51.5% 1,753 0.6% 21
1984 51.8% 1,965 47.9% 1,818 0.2% 9
1980 52.2% 2,046 41.0% 1,609 6.8% 266
1976 49.5% 1,788 49.2% 1,778 1.3% 48
1972 54.9% 1,905 43.7% 1,517 1.3% 46
1968 45.5% 1,508 50.6% 1,680 3.9% 130
1964 31.1% 1,160 68.7% 2,568 0.2% 8
1960 48.5% 1,861 51.2% 1,964 0.3% 11
1956 55.5% 1,968 44.4% 1,574 0.1% 3
1952 57.3% 2,103 42.0% 1,540 0.8% 28
1948 50.1% 1,878 44.2% 1,656 5.7% 214
1944 49.3% 1,829 50.5% 1,874 0.3% 11
1940 53.5% 2,512 45.8% 2,152 0.7% 33
1936 46.9% 2,035 51.2% 2,218 1.9% 82
1932 46.9% 1,917 49.3% 2,016 3.7% 153
1928 65.3% 2,203 31.0% 1,046 3.7% 126
1924 71.8% 1,714 8.7% 208 19.5% 464
1920 74.7% 1,368 16.6% 304 8.7% 160
1916 57.2% 748 35.3% 462 7.5% 98
1912 26.0% 295 24.7% 280 49.4% 561
1908 74.0% 765 22.4% 232 3.6% 37
1904 73.3% 564 24.1% 185 2.6% 20
1900 63.9% 606 35.1% 333 1.0% 9
1896 55.9% 611 42.0% 459 2.1% 23
1892 36.8% 375 61.8% 630 1.5% 15
1888 48.7% 389 50.8% 406 0.5% 4
1884 56.3% 396 43.7% 307 0.0% 0
Entrance sign for Baraga County on U.S. Route 141.

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Communities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Baraga County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "jengod.com". jengod.com. Archived from the original on 2006-06-20. 
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2010 American Fact Finder". Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  12. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder". census.gov. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°43′N 88°20′W / 46.72°N 88.34°W / 46.72; -88.34