Baraga County, Michigan

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Baraga County, Michigan
Baraga County Courthouse and Annex.JPG
Baraga County Courthouse and Annex (July 2014)
Seal of Baraga County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Baraga County
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 19, 1875[1][2]
Named forFrederic Baraga
SeatL'Anse
Largest villageBaraga
Area
 • Total1,069 sq mi (2,769 km2)
 • Land898 sq mi (2,326 km2)
 • Water171 sq mi (443 km2), 16%
Population
 • (2010)8,860
 • Density9.9/sq mi (3.8/km2)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneEastern

Baraga County (/ˈbærəɡə/ BARR-ə-gə) is a county in the Upper Peninsula in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 8,860.[3] The county seat is L'Anse.[4] The county is named after Bishop Frederic Baraga, a Catholic missionary who ministered to indigenous peoples of the area during the period when Michigan was obtaining statehood.[1]

The L'Anse Indian Reservation of the Ojibwa is located within this county.

Geography[edit]

Entrance sign for Baraga County on U.S. Route 141

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,069 square miles (2,770 km2), of which 898 square miles (2,330 km2) is land and 171 square miles (440 km2) (16%) is water.[5]

The county is located in the state's Upper Peninsula on the shore of Lake Superior, at the southeast base of the Keweenaw Peninsula. The villages of Baraga and L'Anse are located at the base of Lake Superior's Keweenaw Bay. Point Abbaye projects north into the lake, enclosing Huron Bay. The eastern two-thirds of the county includes much of the Huron Mountains, including Mount Arvon—the highest natural point in Michigan at 1,979 feet (603 m).

Major highways[edit]

  • US 41 – runs north-south through the upper central part of county. Enters at the NE corner of the county on the west shore of Keeweenaw Bay, and runs south along the shoreline to Baraga and L'Anse, then turns inland (south) past Alberta, then east through Nestoria and Three Lakes. Exits into Marquette County at Imperial Heights.
  • US 141 – runs south from its intersection with US-41 south of Alberta. Runs south into Iron County.
  • M-28 – enters west line of county at 6 miles (10 km) north of SW corner of county, then runs east and ENE to intersection with US-141 at Covington.
  • M-38 – runs east-west through NW part of county. Enters from Alston in Houghton County, then runs east to intersection with US-41 at Baraga.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,804
18903,03668.3%
19004,32042.3%
19106,12741.8%
19207,66225.1%
19309,16819.7%
19409,3562.1%
19508,037−14.1%
19607,151−11.0%
19707,7898.9%
19808,4848.9%
19907,954−6.2%
20008,74610.0%
20108,8601.3%
Est. 20168,503[6]−4.0%
US Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[3]

The 2010 United States Census[11] indicates Baraga County had a population of 8,860. This increase of 114 people from the 2000 United States Census. is a 1.3% population growth. In 2010 there were 3,444 households and 2,209 families in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 5,270 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). 75.0% of the population were White, 13.1% Native American, 7.2% Black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 4.4% of two or more races. 1.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 22.5% were of Finnish, 9.1% German, 8.8% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 5.6% English and 5.5% Irish ancestry.[12]

There were 3,444 households out of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.82.

The county population contained 20.2% under the age of 18, 7% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.9 years. 54.9% of the population was male, 45.1% was female.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,115, and the median income for a family was $50,996. The per capita income for the county was $19,076. About 9.5% of families and 13% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Hogback Mountain from Wetmore Landing, in the Huron Mountains

Baraga County has tended to vote Republican through the years. Since 1884 its voters have selected the Republican Party nominee in 64% (22 of 34) of the national elections through 2016.

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 61.3% 2,158 32.9% 1,156 5.8% 204
2012 53.5% 1,866 45.1% 1,574 1.4% 50
2008 50.5% 1,846 47.2% 1,725 2.2% 82
2004 53.7% 1,977 45.1% 1,660 1.3% 47
2000 54.1% 1,836 41.3% 1,400 4.6% 157
1996 36.7% 1,209 48.6% 1,601 14.7% 484
1992 32.0% 1,160 46.7% 1,695 21.4% 775
1988 47.9% 1,630 51.5% 1,753 0.6% 21
1984 51.8% 1,965 47.9% 1,818 0.2% 9
1980 52.2% 2,046 41.0% 1,609 6.8% 266
1976 49.5% 1,788 49.2% 1,778 1.3% 48
1972 54.9% 1,905 43.7% 1,517 1.3% 46
1968 45.5% 1,508 50.6% 1,680 3.9% 130
1964 31.1% 1,160 68.7% 2,568 0.2% 8
1960 48.5% 1,861 51.2% 1,964 0.3% 11
1956 55.5% 1,968 44.4% 1,574 0.1% 3
1952 57.3% 2,103 42.0% 1,540 0.8% 28
1948 50.1% 1,878 44.2% 1,656 5.7% 214
1944 49.3% 1,829 50.5% 1,874 0.3% 11
1940 53.5% 2,512 45.8% 2,152 0.7% 33
1936 46.9% 2,035 51.2% 2,218 1.9% 82
1932 46.9% 1,917 49.3% 2,016 3.7% 153
1928 65.3% 2,203 31.0% 1,046 3.7% 126
1924 71.8% 1,714 8.7% 208 19.5% 464
1920 74.7% 1,368 16.6% 304 8.7% 160
1916 57.2% 748 35.3% 462 7.5% 98
1912 26.0% 295 24.7% 280 49.4% 561
1908 74.0% 765 22.4% 232 3.6% 37
1904 73.3% 564 24.1% 185 2.6% 20
1900 63.9% 606 35.1% 333 1.0% 9
1896 55.9% 611 42.0% 459 2.1% 23
1892 36.8% 375 61.8% 630 1.5% 15
1888 48.7% 389 50.8% 406 0.5% 4
1884 56.3% 396 43.7% 307 0.0% 0

Baraga County operates the County jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions – police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance etc. – are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Communities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Indian reservations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Baraga County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  2. ^ "jengod.com".
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2010 American Fact Finder". Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  12. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder". census.gov.
  13. ^ US Election Atlas

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°43′N 88°20′W / 46.72°N 88.34°W / 46.72; -88.34