Barak 8

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Barak 8
Salon du Bourget 20090619 077.jpg
Barak 8
Type Medium/long-range surface-to-air missile
Place of origin Israel/India
Service history
In service Induction Phase[1]
Production history
Manufacturer Israel Aerospace Industries
DRDO
Specifications
Weight 275 kg[2]
Length 4.5 m[2][3]
Diameter 0.225/0.54 m[2][3][4]
Detonation
mechanism
Proximity. (60 kg warhead)[2]

Engine Two stage, smokeless pulsed rocket motor.
Wingspan 0.94 m[2][3]
Operational
range
0.5–70 km[2][3]
Flight ceiling 0–16 km[2][3]
Speed Mach 2 (680 m/s)[2][3]
Guidance
system
Launch
platform


Barak 8 (the Hebrew word for Lightning) is an India-Israeli surface-to-air missile (SAM), designed to defend against any type of airborne threat including aircraft, helicopters, anti-ship missiles, and UAVs as well as cruise missiles and combat jets.[6] Both maritime and land-based versions of the system exist.[7]

Background[edit]

Barak 8 is based on the original Barak 1 missile and is expected to feature a more advanced seeker, alongside range extensions that will move it closer to medium range naval systems like the RIM-162 ESSM or even the SM-2 Standard. Israel successfully tested its improved Barak II missile on July 30, 2009. The radar system provides 360 degree coverage and the missiles can take down an incoming missile as close as 500 meters away from the ship. Each Barak system (missile container, radar, computers and installation) costs about $24 million.[8] In November 2009 Israel signed a $1.1 billion contract to supply an upgraded tactical Barak 8 air defence system to India.[9]

Characteristics[edit]

Barak 8 launcher module.

The Barak 8 has a length of about 4.5 meters, a diameter of 0.225 meters [4] at missile body, and 0.54 meters at the booster stage, a wingspan of 0.94 meters and weighs 275 kg including a 60 kg warhead which detonates at proximity.[3] The missile has maximum speed of Mach 2 with a maximum operational range of 70 km - featuring a dual pulse rocket motor as well as Thrust vector control,[10] Barak 8 possesses high degrees of maneuverability at target interception range. A second motor is fired during the terminal phase, at which stage the active radar seeker is activated to home in on to the enemy track.[3] Barak 8 has been designed to counter a wide variety of air-borne threats, such as; anti-ship missiles, aircraft, UAVs drones and supersonic missiles[11] When coupled with a modern air-defence system and multi-function surveillance track and guidance radars, (such as the EL/M-2248 MF-STAR AESA on board the Kolkata-class destroyers) Barak 8 enables the capability to simultaneously engage multiple targets during saturation attacks.[3][5]

Israel Aerospace Industries describe Barak 8 as "an advanced, long-range missile defense and air defense system" with its main features being:[5][12]

  • Long Range
  • Two way data link (GPS S band)
  • Active Radar Seeker Missile
  • 360 degree coverage
  • Vertical Launch
  • Multiple Simultaneous Engagements

Barak 8 has been described as giving potential use as a point defence anti-ballistic missile due to its combination of advanced capabilities.[13]

Barak-8ER[edit]

It has been reported that an ER (extended range) variant of the Barak 8 is under development, which will see the missiles maximum range increased to 150 km.[10] Designed to engage multiple beyond visual range threats, the low launch signature Barak-8ER is understood to retain the same autopilot/inertial navigation system and active radar seeker guidance as the Barak-8, although some modifications to the software and to the missile control surfaces are likely. The booster increases the length of the missile at launch from its current 4.5 m to nearly 6 m, although the length in flight after the booster has been jettisoned may be slightly less than the base Barak-8 missile, if a TVC is not present. The missile diameter and fin spans are thought to be the same as the base Barak-8. The booster weight is currently unknown, although the missile's weight after the booster has been jettisoned is the same as that for the current Barak-8 configuration.

Levy said that initial operational capability (IOC) for Barak-8ER will first be declared for the naval variant, followed by IOC for the land variant. He declined to comment on a launch customer for Barak-8ER, but noted "existing Barak-8 customers will be interested in this configuration because it offers additional capability to their current system".[10] The missile is expected to equip the Indian Navys future Project 15B destroyers.[14][15]

Flight tests[edit]

  • In May 2010, the Barak-II missile was successfully test fired at an electronic target and met its initial objectives. The second test of the missile was to be held in India later in 2010.[16] "More than 70 per cent of the content in the missile being developed with Israel would be indigenous." DRDO chief V. K. Saraswat told The Economic Times.[17]
  • On 10 November 2014 the Barak 8 was successfully test fired in Israel with all integrated operational components for both the marine & land system.[18][19]
  • In December 2014 it was reported that destroyer INS Kolkata, the largest warship built in India, will fire a long-range surface-to-air missile (LR-SAM) for the first time in 2015.[20]

Operators[edit]

Map with Barak 8 operators in blue

Current operators[edit]

Potential operators[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.indiatvnews.com/news/india/india-most-advanced-warship-to-get-the-missiles-that-were-missin-47266.html
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Polish navy tests Barak-8 missile, flightglobal.com, 4 September 2014
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j naval-technology Barak 8
  4. ^ a b [1]
  5. ^ a b c d IAI PDF - Barak 8, iai.co.il
  6. ^ "February trial for naval air defence missile". Indo-Asian News service. 16 Nov 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Bourne, Jason. "The Barak Connection- India and Israel". merinews. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  8. ^ Shiv Aroor (2006-02-07). "India, Israel tie up on next-gen Barak missiles in 2000". ExpressIndia.com. Retrieved 2008-03-30. 
  9. ^ "India buys upgraded Israeli air defences for $1.1bn". Reuters. 2009-11-09. 
  10. ^ a b c http://www.janes.com/article/53532/iai-en-route-to-extended-range-barak-8er
  11. ^ "Naval Barak-8". 
  12. ^ IAI - Naval Barak 8 Israel Aerospace Industries
  13. ^ Next-Gen: Barak-8, defenseindustrydaily.com, Accessed 25 November 2014
  14. ^ Naval Barak-8 Missiles, Israel, India, naval-technology.com, Accessed 25 November 2014
  15. ^ Barak 8 / MR-SAM Test Program to Begin in Early 2012, http://defense-update.com/, 21 November 2011
  16. ^ Indo-Israeli missile successfully test-fired: DRDO chief
  17. ^ "Politics/Nation". The Times Of India. 2010-07-01. 
  18. ^ "Successful comprehensive trial for IAI's Barak-8 defense missile system". November 11, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) Successfully Tested the Barak-8 Air & Missile Defense System". November 13, 2014. 
  20. ^ S. ANANDAN (12 Dec 2014). "INS Kolkata to fire long range missile in 2015". The Hindu. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  21. ^ "Barak Gets Bigger And Better". Strategy World. 2013-08-07. Retrieved 2013-08-23. 
  22. ^ "List of ammunition purchased by Azerbaijan made public". news.az. 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2012-03-28. 

External links[edit]