Vipera barani

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Vipera barani
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Vipera
Species: V. barani
Binomial name
Vipera barani
Böhme & Joger, 1984[1]
Vipera barani distribution (RDB).png
Common names: Baran's adder,[2] Turkish viper.[3]

Vipera barani is a venomous viper species endemic to Turkey. No subspecies are currently recognized.[4]


The specific name, barani, is in honor of Turkish herpetologist İbrahim Baran.[5]


V. barani is a stoutly built species. Adult females are reported to reach a maximum total length (body + tail) of 60 cm (24 in). Adult males are shorter with a maximum total length of 54.5 cm (21.5 in).[2]

Geographic range[edit]

V. barani is found in northwestern Turkey.

The type locality is listed as "ca. 60 km N Adapazari, Türkei" (= Adapazari, Turkey).[1]

Conservation status[edit]

The species V. barani is listed as strictly protected (Appendix II) under the Berne Convention.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G (2003). True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing Company. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
  3. ^ Vipera barani at the Reptile Database. Accessed 21 November 2007.
  4. ^ "Vipera barani ". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 15 August 2006. 
  5. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Vipera barani, p. 16).
  6. ^ Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, Appendix II at Council of Europe. Accessed 9 October 2006.

Further reading[edit]

  • Böhme W, Joger U (1984). "Eine neue Art des Vipera berus-Komplexes aus der Türkei ". Amphibia-Reptilia 4 [1983] (2-4): 265-271. (Vipera barani, new species). (in German).