Baranagar

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Baranagar

Baranagore
City
Clockwise from top left: Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School; Indian Statistical Institute; Kuthi ghat; Belghoria Expressway; Kripamayee Kali Temple
Official seal of Baranagar
Seal
Etymology: Bengali: বরাহনগর ("city of hogs")
Baranagar is located in Kolkata
Baranagar
Baranagar
Location in Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Baranagar is located in West Bengal
Baranagar
Baranagar
Baranagar (West Bengal)
Baranagar is located in India
Baranagar
Baranagar
Baranagar (India)
Coordinates: 22°38′N 88°22′E / 22.64°N 88.37°E / 22.64; 88.37Coordinates: 22°38′N 88°22′E / 22.64°N 88.37°E / 22.64; 88.37
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictNorth 24 Parganas
RegionGreater Kolkata
Railway stationBaranagar
Metro station
Established1869; 150 years ago (1869)
Wards34[2]
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyBaranagar Municipality
 • Municipality ChairmanAparna Moulik[3][4]
(AITC)
 • MLATapas Roy[5]
(State Minister of West Bengal)[6]
Area
 • Total7.12 km2 (2.75 sq mi)
Elevation
12 m (39 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,45,313[1]
 • Rank19th (in West Bengal)[7]
187th (in India)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
 • Literacy rate91.41%[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
Telephone code+91 33
Vehicle registrationWB-23, WB-24, WB-25, WB-26
Lok Sabha constituencyDum Dum
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBaranagar
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,770 millimetres (70 in)
Avg. summer temperature31.7 °C (89.1 °F)
Avg. winter temperature22.2 °C (72.0 °F)
Websitebaranagarmunicipality.org

Baranagar or Baranagore (pronounced [baranaɡar], Bengali: About this soundpronunciation ) is a city and municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is close to Kolkata and also a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).

It is home to the Indian Statistical Institute, an institution of national importance devoted to the research, teaching and application of statistics, natural sciences and social sciences.[12] Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School is one of the oldest and renowned schools in Baranagar and North 24 Parganas.[13]

Baranagar is a major industrial centre for the manufacture of agricultural and industrial machinery, chemicals, castor oil, and matches; there are also numerous cotton-processing companies.

Etymology[edit]

The word Baranagar derives from the Bengali term Barahanagore (Bengali: বরাহনগর), meaning "City of the Hogs". (বরাহ: hog, নগর: city)

Streynsham Master who visited the area in 1676 spoke of the hog factory where about 3,000 hogs a year were slaughtered and salted for export.[14]

History[edit]

Dutch Kuthi at Baranagar

Baranagar municipality was established in 1869; it is one of the oldest municipalities in India.[4] The Dutch had homes here in the seventeenth century.[15] Streynsham Master who visited the area in 1676 spoke of the hog factory where about 3,000 hogs a year were slaughtered and salted for export. Later it became the centre for the extensive jute trade, manufacturing gunny bags.[14] A major road parallel to the river Hooghly connects Baranagar Bazaar with Dakshineswar. In between temples such as Kaancher Mandir (i.e. Glass Temple),[16] Joy Mitra Kali Bari,[17] and Pathbari are located.

In Kutighat (Baranagar), still there is an old house/lodge of Dutch merchants.

Famous residents[edit]

Geography[edit]

Cities and towns in the southern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood/ administrative location
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
Map of Municipal Corporations and Municipalities.

Location[edit]

Baranagar is located at 22°38′N 88°22′E / 22.64°N 88.37°E / 22.64; 88.37.[23] It has an average elevation of 12 metres (39 feet).It is situated east of the Hooghly River. Baranagar municipal area lies between Sinthee more and Dunlop.

More particularly to say, the boundary of Baranagar is – in the east, the Rail line from Sealdah towards Krishnanagar; in the west – the holy river Ganga, in the north – PWD Road and in the south – Baranagar Bazaar. It is connected by the holy Ganges to Dakshineshwar temple which lies just a quarter of a mile from this place. There are many Ganga ghats in Baranagar for example Pramanic ghat, Kutighat, Dakshineshwar ghat, Kancher mandir or glass temple ghat.

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside, all places marked on the map are linked in the full screen map) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2. The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[24]

Climate[edit]

In summer, i.e. from April to June, the weather remains hot and temperatures range from a maximum of 35 °C (95 °F) to a minimum of 26 °C (79 °F).

Monsoon season prevails during beginning-June to mid-September. Also retrieving monsoon from mid-October till mid-November

The weather is quite pleasant, the summers and winters are moderate. The level of moisture increases during summers.[23]

Climate data for Baranagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.4
(79.5)
29.1
(84.4)
33.5
(92.3)
35.3
(95.5)
35.4
(95.7)
34
(93)
32.3
(90.1)
32.1
(89.8)
32.4
(90.3)
32.3
(90.1)
30.3
(86.5)
27
(81)
31.7
(89.0)
Average low °C (°F) 13.8
(56.8)
16.9
(62.4)
21.7
(71.1)
25.1
(77.2)
26
(79)
26.5
(79.7)
26.1
(79.0)
26.1
(79.0)
25.8
(78.4)
23.9
(75.0)
19.6
(67.3)
14.5
(58.1)
22.2
(71.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20
(0.8)
40
(1.6)
40
(1.6)
60
(2.4)
140
(5.5)
280
(11.0)
400
(15.7)
340
(13.4)
280
(11.0)
140
(5.5)
20
(0.8)
10
(0.4)
1,770
(69.7)
Average rainy days 4 3 4 6 12 18 23 22 18 11 3 1 125
Source: Baranagar Weather[25]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Population of Baranagar 
CensusPop.
190125,432
191125,8951.8%
192132,08423.9%
193137,05015.5%
194154,45147.0%
195177,12641.6%
1961107,83739.8%
1971136,84226.9%
1981170,34324.5%
1991224,83132.0%
2001250,76811.5%
2011245,213−2.2%
Source:[26]


As per the 2011 Census of India, Baranagar had a total population of 245,213, of which 126,187 (51%) were males and 119,026 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 16,825. The total number of literates in Baranagar was 208,779 (91.41% of the population over 6 years).[1]

As of 2001 India census,[27] Baranagar had a population of 250,615. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Baranagar has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 55% of the males and 45% of females literate. 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in Baranagar[1]
Religion Percent
Hindus
95%
Muslims
3%
Sikhs
1%
Others†
1%
Distribution of religions
Includes Christians, Buddhists, Jains (~1%).

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration[edit]

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[7]

Infrastructure[edit]

As per the District Census Handbook 2011, Baranagar municipal city covered an area of 7.12 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had 160.23 km of roads and both open and closed drains. Amongst the medical facilities It had 55 medicine shops. Amongst the educational facilities it had 49 primary schools, 33 middle schools, 33 secondary schools, many higher secondary schools and 2 non-formal education centres. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 2 cinema/theatres and 2 auditorium/ community halls. It had 20 bank branches.[28]

Economy[edit]

KMDA[edit]

Baranagar municipality is included in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area for which the KMDA is the statutory planning and development authority.[29][30]

Baranagar is also economically enriched for "Baranagar Jute Mill". Hessian, sacking, fabrics, carpets and bags from jute (Corchorus spp) are manufactured in here. It is one of the oldest jute mills.

Transport[edit]

Railways[edit]

Baranagar railway station

Baranagar Road railway station is situated in Baranagar, it is a Kolkata suburban railway station. It is one of the oldest railway station. Sealdah - Dankuni line's trains pass through this station.[31]

Metro railways[edit]

Noapara metro station

Noapara metro station is situated at Noapara in Baranagar. It is Kolkata Metro's largest station. The extension of Kolkata Metro Line 1 from Dum Dum to Dakshineswar was sanctioned in 2010-11. It was extended up to Noapara in 2013. The subsequent work was held up because of the encroachments on railway land. The state government has taken steps to remove the encroachment and work is expected to make progress. Baranagar metro station is under construction next to the Baranagar Road railway station. As of July 2018, the earliest it can be expected to be in operation is September 2019, but may get delayed up to early 2020.[32][33][34]

Bus[edit]

Belghoria expressway at Baranagar
Dunlop more in Baranagar

Barrackpore Trunk Road (State Highway 2) passes through Baranagar.[35] Belghoria Expressway also passes through Baranagar. "Dunlop" crossing is one of the largest crossings in Kolkata which connects Kolkata with northern suburban areas and Howrah, Hooghly.[36][37]

Ferry[edit]

Ferry ghat at Kuthi Ghat in Baranagar

Transport in water pathway is held by boat, launch and bhutbhuti from Baranagar's Kuthi Ghat to Belur of Howrah district and Baghbazar, Farlie Place of Kolkata districton the river Ganges.[38][39]

Education[edit]

Deemed University[edit]

Indian Statistical Institute, Baranagar

Baranagar houses the headquarters of the Indian Statistical Institute.[12] It is an academic institute of national importance as recognised by a 1959 act of the Indian parliament. Established in 1931, this public university of India is focused on statistics.[40]

Colleges[edit]

Colleges of Baranagar are:

Schools[edit]

Baranagar Ramakrishna Mission
Baranagar Victoria School

Baranagar is also home to many schools providing quality education to the local and neighbourhood people.[41]

  • Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School[42][43] (Senior secondary boys' school)
  • Ramakrishna Mission Centenary Primary School, Baranagaore[44] (Primary boys' school)
  • Baranagar Vidyamandir (Primary, Secondary and H.S., for boys and girls)
  • Baranagar Narendranath Vidyamandir
  • Baranagar Rajkumari Memorial Girls' School
  • Khalsa Model Senior Secondary School, Dunlop Bridge (Started by Sikh Sangat Gurdwara, Dunlop Bridge)
  • Ananda Ashram Sarada Vidyapith
  • Baranagar Netaji Colony Bharti Girls' Institution
  • Netaji High School
  • Baranagar Rameswar H.S. School
  • Baranagar Victoria School, Kuthighat
  • Ashokegarh Adarsha Vidyalaya
  • Jyotinagar Bidyashree Niketan
  • Sinthi Ram Krishna Sangha Vidya Mandir
  • Sinthee Ray Bahadur Badridas Tulsan Vidyapith (RBT School)
  • Mata Monmohini Secondary School
  • Baranagar Mayapith Girls' High School
  • Delhi Public School North Kolkata
  • Calcutta Public School, Bidhan Park
  • Baranagar Mohan Girls' High School
  • Central Modern School, Baranagar
  • Alambazar Urdu High School
  • Jyotinagar Vidyashree Niketan

Health facilities[edit]

Following hospitals are located in Baranagar:

  • Baranagar State General Hospital[45]
  • Disha Eye Hospital, Sinthi[46]
  • National Institute for Locomotor Disability (NILD)[47]
  • Baine Hospital
  • Baranagar Matri Sadan[48]
  • Indian Institute of Psycometry (IIP)[49]

Culture[edit]

Kripamayee Kali Temple (Jai Mitra Kali Bari)

Baranagar Math near Pramanick ghat is the place where Swami Vivekananda and a few other disciples of Sri Ramakrishna Dev started their spiritual journey that culminated in forming the monastic order later located at Belur Math, the present headquarters of Ramakrishna Mission.[50] Other places worth visiting are Jay Mitra Kalibari, Pramanick Kalibari, and Kouleswar Mandir. Pathbari Mandir is a place where Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the great religious leader, set his foot on his way to Puri nearly five hundred years ago here.[51] In Baranagar a math has been set up very recently, called Alambazar Math in the heritage building where Swami Vivekananda first put up after coming back from abroad.[52] The Annapurna Temple and the newly built Omkarnath Temple are also other two attractions of the "Mahamilan Math".[53] Trailanga Swami Math is also here in Baranagar at Vidyayatan Sarani. There is also an old kalibari in Baranagar Bazar and one in Kutighat and Pramanicghat.

Baranagar has a gurdwara named "Dunlop Gurudwara" near Dunlop Bridge, a church named "St. James' Church, Baranagar"[54] near Sinthee More along with many mosques.

Durga Puja in Baranagar 2019

Baranagar is famous for Durga puja. In every winter, a circus is organised at 'Sinthi Circus Maidan' named "Ajanta Circus".

Sports[edit]

Olympic played archer Dola Banerjee, Rahul Banerjee, Atanu Das born in Baranagar.[20][21]

Many sport academies and sporting clubs are situated in Baranagar:

  • Nobodoy Football Academy[55]
  • Seishinkai Indian Karate Do & Kick Boxing Institute[56]
  • Bandhudal Sporting Club[57]
  • Calcutta Archery Club[58]
  • Baranagar Archery Club[59][60]
  • Baranagar Sporting Club[61]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Kuthi Ghat
Glass Temple

Several educational institutions, religious places, pilgrims, places of Baranagar are tourist attractions of many people:

Besides these, many people come in Baranagar every year in Durga puja period, in the time of "Ajanta Circus".

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

BaranagarWikipedia book

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  2. ^ "Municipal General Election Results". Results of Municipal General Elections 2015. West Bengal State Election Commission. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  3. ^ Official District Administration site Archived 15 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b "Welcome to www.baranagarmunicipality.org". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Tapas Roy, the MLA of Baranagar". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
  6. ^ "Mamata cabinet to get 4 new members today". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  8. ^ "Pin Code of Alambazar, Baranagar". pincode.india-server.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  9. ^ "Pin Code of Baranagar". pincode.india-server.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Pin Code of Noapara, Baranagar". pincode.india-server.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  11. ^ "Pin Code of Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Baranagar". pincode.india-server.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  12. ^ a b c "ISI Kolkata Campus". Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  13. ^ a b "Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Baranagar, Kolkata". Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  14. ^ a b Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, 1909/1980, pp 806–807, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  15. ^ "Municipal History". Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  16. ^ "Kancher Mandir, Baranagar (Kolkata)". Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  17. ^ Shilpa (14 October 2019). "Kripamayee Kali Temple, Baranagar". bharat temples.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  18. ^ "Brief history of Baranagar Math". Ramakrishna Mission, Baranagar. Archived from the original on 18 November 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  19. ^ "On Gomolo". Archived from the original on 18 April 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  20. ^ a b "Dola Banerjee, biography". archeryworldcup.org. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011.
  21. ^ a b Shuvro Ghoshal. "From Baranagar to Shanghai: The unsung journey of Indian archer Atanu Das". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  22. ^ https://www.telegraphindia.com/states/west-bengal/everester-dies-in-nepal-climb/cid/1502728
  23. ^ a b "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Baranagar, India". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  24. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  25. ^ "Weather Information of Baranagar". meteovista.com. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  26. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  27. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  28. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803; Statement II: Physical Aspects and Location of Towns, Pages 791-794; Statement III: Civic and other Amenities, Pages 795-796; Statement IV: Medical Facilities 2009, Pages 803-805 Section: Educational, Recreational and Cultural Facilities. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  29. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authoity, Annual Report 2010-11". 1/1 Kolkata Metropolitan Area Map. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  30. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority, Annual Report 2010-11". 1 / 2 Role of KMDA. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  31. ^ "BARN/Baranagar Road railway station". India Rail Info. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  32. ^ "Dakshineswar Metro by 2019 Pujas: says Chairman, Railway Board". Rail News 6 March 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  33. ^ "Land cloud over Dakshineswar Metro set to lift". The Telegraph, 13 October 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  34. ^ "Dakshineswar won't feature in Metro map by December 2019". The Times of India, 14 October 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  35. ^ Google maps
  36. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 October 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  37. ^ http://transport.wb.gov.in/transport-services/bus-services/
  38. ^ "Ferry Service". wbtc.co.in. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  39. ^ Team MP (21 October 2019). "Suvendu Adhikari flags off Kuthighat ferry service". millenniumpost.in. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  40. ^ "UNSD Document – The Indian Statistical Institute Act 1959". United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  41. ^ "Affiliated Schools of West Bengal Board of secondary Education".
  42. ^ "Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Baranagore". Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  43. ^ a b "Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Baranagar Mission". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  44. ^ "RAMAKRISHNA MISSION CENTENARY PRIMARY SCHOOL, BARANAGORE". Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  45. ^ "Baranagar State General Hospital".
  46. ^ "Disha Eye Hospital, Baranagar".
  47. ^ "National Institute for Locomtor Disabilities (Divyangjan)". Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  48. ^ "Baranagar Matri Sadan".
  49. ^ "Indian Institute of Psycometry, Baranagar, Kolkata".
  50. ^ a b "RKM – Index". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  51. ^ "Sri Bhagavatacharya's residence, Baranagar Path Bari". thegaudiyatreasuresofbengal.com. 11 November 2018. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  52. ^ a b "AlambazarMath". Archived from the original on 10 January 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  53. ^ "Akhil Bharat Jai Guru Sampradaya". Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  54. ^ "St. James' Church – Baranagar". Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  55. ^ http://www.exametc.com/sprts_list.php
  56. ^ http://www.exametc.com/sprts_list.php
  57. ^ "Bandhudal Sporting Club, Baranagar".
  58. ^ Shamik Chakraborty. "Archery's Hope". Retrieved 24 October 2010.
  59. ^ https://g.co/kgs/mnFSa4
  60. ^ "The goal of the goal is to run away". Ei Samay. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  61. ^ https://t.justdial.com/Kolkata/Baranagar-Sporting-Club-Baranagar/033PXX33-XX33-180326160605-P2C2_BZDET
  62. ^ a b "Tourist attractions in Baranagar". wbtourismgov.in. Department of Tourism Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 November 2019.

External links[edit]