Baranya County

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For the historical county, see Baranya (former county).
"Branau" redirects here. See also Braunau.
Baranya County
Baranya megye
Counties of Hungary
Hills in Baranya county, near Mecseknádasd
Vineyards of Kistótfalus Szechenyi square, Pécs)
Descending, from top: Hills in the county, near Mecseknádasd, Vineyards of Kistótfalu, and Széchenyi square in Pécs
Flag of Baranya County
Flag
Coat of arms of Baranya County
Coat of arms
Location of Baranya County
Coordinates: 46°04′06″N 18°12′19″E / 46.06833°N 18.20528°E / 46.06833; 18.20528Coordinates: 46°04′06″N 18°12′19″E / 46.06833°N 18.20528°E / 46.06833; 18.20528
Country Hungary
Region Southern Transdanubia
County seat Pécs
Government
 • President of the General Assembly Csaba Nagy (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
 • Total 4,429.59 km2 (1,710.27 sq mi)
Area rank 10th in Hungary
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 386,441
 • Rank 10th in Hungary
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Postal code 73xx, 75xx – 79xx
Area code(s) (+36) 69, 72, 73
ISO 3166 code HU-BA
Website baranya.hu

Baranya (Hungarian: Baranya megye, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈbɒrɒɲɒ]); is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in Hungary, in the Baranya region, and also in the former Kingdom of Hungary (see: Baranya (former county)).

The county lies in southern Hungary, on the border with Croatia. The River Drava forms part of its southern border, and the River Danube its eastern border. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Somogy, Tolna, and Bács-Kiskun. The capital of Baranya county is Pécs.

Etymology[edit]

In German, it is known as Komitat Branau, and in Croatian as Baranjska županija (Baranja).

The county is name after the Slavic word 'bara', which means 'marsh', 'bog'[citation needed], thus the name of Baranya means 'marshland'. Even today large parts of the region are swamps, such as the natural reservation Kopački Rit in its southeast. Another theory states that the name of the region come from the Slavic and Hungarian word 'bárány', which means 'lamb'.

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 4,430 km2 (1,710 sq mi) – 4,76% of Hungary.

The northern part of the county is a mountain area with large forests, the Mecsek Mountains. The central areas are shared between the Baranya Hills and Villány Mountains. The very eastern and southern parts are flat.

The highest point in the county is Zengő in the Mecsek Mountains, at 682 metres. This is also the highest point of the mountain range.

The climate is Mediterranean, with a high number of sunshine hours. Baranya has the highest amount of rainfall in the country. Baranya is rich in mineral and thermal water, and also in other resources. 98% of Hungary's coal resources are found here.

Neighbours[edit]

History[edit]

The area has been inhabited since ancient times. Before the Hungarian tribes conquered the area, it was inhabited by Slavs and Avars. Stephen I founded an episcopal seat here.

In 1526, the county was occupied by Ottomans and was freed in 1689. Its medieval borders remained unchanged until 1919. According to the peace treaty of Trianon, the southern part of the county (1163 km²) reverted to Slavic rule (present-day Croatia). The re-organizing of the counties (1950) brought only minor changes (town of Szigetvár got there).

Baranya has the largest number of minorities in Hungary (more than twice the country average), providing home to 34% of the German minority and 32% of the Southern Slav minorities in Hungary.

Electoral history[edit]

2010 Election
  Party Votes  % Seats Change
  Fidesz-KDNP (joint) 104,928 54,53 4 -
  Hungarian Socialist Party 40,532 21,07 1 -
  Jobbik 24,397 12,68 1 -
  Politics Can Be Different 7,119 8,9 0 -
  Hungarian Democratic Forum 5,436 2,83 0 -
  Total 182,412 100 6 -

Demographics[edit]

In 2015, it had a population of 371,110 and the population density was 84/km².

Year County population[1] Change
1949 356,533 n/a
1960 Increase 395,342 10.89%
1970 Increase 421,765 6.68%
1980 Increase 432,617 (record) 2.57%
1990 Decrease 417,400 -3.52%
2001 Decrease 407,448 -2.38%
2011 Decrease 386,441 -5.16%

Ethnicity[edit]

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Germans (approx. 22,000), Roma (17,000), Croats (6,000), and Serbs (500).

Total population (2011 census): 386,441
Ethnic groups (2011 census):[2] Identified themselves: 364,801 persons:

Approx. 58,000 persons in Baranya County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

Religion[edit]

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census:[3]

Regional structure[edit]

District of Baranya County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat № of
municipalities
1 Bóly District
Bólyi járás
220.03 11,956 54 Bóly 16
2 Hegyhát District
Hegyháti járás
360.72 12,744 35 Sásd 25
3 Komló District
Komlói járás
292.48 35,489 121 Komló 20
4 Mohács District
Mohácsi járás
464.58 35,164 59 Mohács 26
5 Pécs District
Pécsi járás
623.07 189,036 303 Pécs 40
6 Pécsvárad District
Pécsváradi járás
246.44 11,931 48 Pécsvárad 17
7 Sellye District
Sellyei járás
493.69 14,192 29 Sellye 38
8 Siklós District
Siklósi járás
652.99 35,929 55 Siklós 53
9 Szentlőrinc District
Szentlőrinci járás
282.43 14,998 53 Szentlőrinc 21
10 Szigetvár District
Szigetvári járás
656.76 25,002 38 Szigetvár 45
Baranya County 4,429.59 386,446 87 Pécs 301

Politics[edit]

The Baranya County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 19 counselors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 11                      
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 3                      
  Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) 3                      
  Democratic Coalition (DK) 1                      
  Politics Can Be Different (LMP) 1                      

Municipalities[5][6][edit]

Hosszúhetény - Temple from above

Like Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Baranya is a county of extremes when it comes to regional structure. The county seat is one of the five largest cities (and three largest agglomerations) of Hungary, but more than 2/3 of the municipalities are small hamlets with a population under 500. Half of the county's population lives in the county seat or in its immediate vicinity, while 22% of the population lives in villages that have less than 1000 inhabitants.

City with county rights[edit]

  • Pécs – county seat; 156,049 (as of 2011)

Towns[edit]

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Villages[edit]

Red pog.svg municipalities are large villages.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ népesség.com, "Baranya megye népessége 1870-2015"
  2. ^ 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (Hungarian)
  3. ^ 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.3 Baranya megye, (Hungarian) [1]
  4. ^ Képviselőtestület, (Hungarian) [2]
  5. ^ "Baranya (Hungary): County, Towns and Villages - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2016-08-04. 
  6. ^ Jimenez, Suzanne Somodi. "BARANYA County - Megye - Varmegye - Placenames". www.hungarianvillagefinder.com. Retrieved 2016-08-04. 

External links[edit]