|District||North 24 Parganas|
|• Municipality Chairman||Sunil Mukherjee|
|• MP||Kakali Ghosh Dastidar|
|• MLA||Chiranjeet (Dipak) Chakrabarty|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|• Density||2,223/km2 (5,760/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||700124 to 700126|
|Telephone code||91 33 2542|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Barasat|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Barasat|
Barasat (//; Bengali: বারাসাত Barasat) is a suburb in the outskirts of Kolkata, West Bengal India and is the district headquarters of the district North 24 Parganas. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. The town is an important railway and roadway junction. Barasat is also the name of a sub-division centring the city.
As an urban setup in the vicinity of the Kolkata, the town is within the area of Greater Kolkata. Several significant roads like National Highway 34 (Krishnanagar Road leading towards North Bengal), Jessore Road (road leading to Jessore in Bangladesh via Bongaon); road leading to Basirhat etc. cross through the town.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Economy
- 5 Administration
- 6 Major City Points
- 7 Transport
- 8 Demographics
- 9 Culture
- 10 Education
- 11 Media
- 12 Sports
- 13 Healthcare
- 14 Notable Persons
- 15 See also
- 16 References
- 17 External links
During the period of Moghuls, Ram Sundar Mitra had got the Laminar at Barasat town. Sankar Chakrabrorty, a commander of Pratapaditya, The king of Jessore (at present in Bangladesh), came to Barasat in 1600, and established himself in Barasat town. In 1700 AD Hazarat Ekdil Shah, the Muslim saint, started residing at Kazipara, Barasat. He was known as a social reformer. His tomb, located in Kazipara, is a pilgrimage place of Muslim community. Pratapaditya had made his way to Kolkata from Jessore and Sirajudoulla had made his way to Kolkata from Murshidabad via Barasat, which are later on converted into two National Highways.
During the British Raj, Company officials from Calcutta made Barasat a weekend retreat location. They had made many garden house at various places within Barasat town. Warren Hastings had made his Villa in the heart of Barasat town. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, the renowned Author, was the first Indian Deputy Magistrate of this town.
Indigo cultivation was a major business in and around the town. The indigo merchants were known for their inhuman treatment of the farmers. Titumir, a farmer, had declared revolution against indigo merchants in Barasat. Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar, Pyari Charan Sarkar, Kalikrishna Mitra were known for undertaking several social reformative actions in Barasat, including development of education, along with women education and widow marriage. In the early nineteenth century, there was a college in Barasat called Barasat Cadet College, for the training of new recruits and cadets who arrived from Europe for the first time to India. The college was shut down in 1811.
From 1834 to 1861, Barasat was the seat of a joint-magistrate, known as "Barasat District". In 1861, the joint magistracy was abolished, and the Barasat District became a sub-division of the Twenty-four Parganas district. At present it is the district headquarters of North 24 Parganas district.
Barasat is located in the Ganges Brahmaputra delta region in the district of North 24 parganas, West Bengal state in the eastern India. The Bangladesh border - at Petrapole is situated about 70/ 80 km from the city.
The climate is tropical — like the rest of the Gangetic West Bengal. The hallmark is the Monsoon — from early June to mid September. The weather remains dry during the winter (mid November to mid February) and humid during summer.
Temperature :40 °C in May(Max) and 10 °C in January(Min)
Relative Humidity: Between 55% in March & 98% in July
An important trade centre for rice, legumes, sugarcane, potatoes, and coconuts, cotton weaving is the major industry in Barasat.
The proximity to Kolkata helps residents commute daily to Kolkata.
Barasat Municipality was established on 1 April 1869 but up to 1882, it did not have any independent existence. Like other offices it was controlled by Magistrate Office, during that time there was no Chairman of the municipality, Magistrate was the Controller of municipality. Later on after 1882 Barasat Municipality had got its own formation as an autonomous body and became local government. Barasat Association, a citizens organisation, had help Barasat Municipality by donating land for the construction of municipal building.
Total Barasat municipal area divided into 29 nos. of Mouzas. Previously, there were 4 nos. of Wards and after that 18 nos. of Wards under Barasat Municipality. Later on after amalgamating surrounding Panchayets within Barasat Municipality in 1995 and then after, at present Barasat Municipality has 32 nos. of Wards. In the year 2015, just before municipal election number of ward increased to 35.
Barasat District Court
District Court handle all kind of local and national cases.
Zilla Parishad (District Council)
The Zilla Parishad of North 24 Parganas came into existence on 26 June 1986 due to bifurcation of erstwhile 24 Parganas district with respect to North South divide on geographical pattern. This is the highest tire of three tire Panchayati Raj system having its headquarters at Barasat. It has six riverine Panchayat Samities in Sundarban region having saline tract on one side and a rich alluvial tracts of river Ichhamati Basin and industrial belt of Barrackpore on the other side. Its territorial jurisdiction is structured up to the International Border of Bangladesh along the eastern side.
Shri Sanjay Bansal, IAS took over the charge of District Magistrate & Collector, North 24 Parganas on 19 August 2011.
Major City Points
Champadali More: This is a major city centre where the NH35 is divided by Jessore Road and Bashirhat Road. Different bus route's buses are available from here.
Colony More: This is a junction of Krishna Nagar highway and Barakpur Highway road connected to city of joy.
DuckBanglow More: This also another junction of Jessore road and Krishnanagar Highway.
Barasat town is well connected with roads to Kolkata, North Bengal, Bangladesh and other towns of West Bengal while many of these routes originates from Barasat Bus Terminal. The two nos. of National Highways (NH 34 & NH 35) and one no of State Highway (SH 2) run through Barasat town, Barasat is also well connected by railway with Sealdah, Bongaon and Basirhat.
From Kolkata barasat can be reached by two ways. Either take VIP Road (Najrul Islam Sarani) off Ultadanga (V.I.P.Crossing) to reach Airport Gate No. 1 and take right to Jessore Road (National Highway 34) or from Shyambazar via Jessore Road off Nagerbazar to reach the same Airport Gate No.1 and head straight to Barasat. Barasat is 8 kilometres straight drive from this crossing.
Barasat is a major roadway junction. The NH 34 (initially under the name Krishnanagar Road) goes towards north ultimately to the North Bengal and is the major link between Calcutta and the North-East India. The Jessore Road (NH 35) leads to Bongaon and ultimately to the Bangladesh border at Petrapole. The Taki Road leads to Basirhat, Hasnabad and Taki via Berachampa. The Barrackpore Road links National Highway 35 at Barasat with Kalyani Expressway and Barrackpore.
Barasat Junction is the railway station, on Bongaon line of Sealdah Station (North Section). This junction is where Bongaon line and Hasnabad-Basirhat line of Kolkata Suburban Railway get separated. The Barasat - Basirhat Railway line was originally run by Martin's Light Railways. Now it is a section (BT-HNB section) under Sealdah division of Eastern Railways. Hridaypur (Sealdah-Bongaon line) & Kazipara(Barasat-Hasnabad line) are the other railway stations under the area of Barasat Municipality.Currently a Metro railway line is under construction which is basically an extension of Kolkata Metro.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport is about 11 kilometres from Barasat city. There are Domestic and International terminals separately for domestic and international flights towards different part of the world.
As of 2001[update] India census, Barasat had a population of 237,783. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Barasat has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; 54% of the literates are male and 46% are female. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Population of Barasat–I CD Block was 249,625 according to 2001 census, with a population density of 2,223 persons per square km. Barasat–II CD Block had a population of 239,699 in 2001 census, with a population density of 1,480 persons per square km.
The culture milieu in Barasat reflects the usual culturel characteristics of similar small towns in Bengal. The educated middle-class community continues to perpetuate the Bengali cultural manifestations like drama, recitation, classical music, songs and dances, while young Turks take a rather revolutionary stand and let out their feeling in the form of minor little magazines and socially relevant functions like health check up camps etc.
In Barasat some religious ashrams like the ashrams of Pranabananda, Prabhu Jagadbandhu, Shibananda Dham, Shankar Moth O Mission, Sree Sree Yogashram, Hazarat Ekdil Shah Darga etc. are located.Several Christian Churches are also noticed here.The Assembly of God Church is a famous one situated on the NH34.
The cultural diversity has increased over the years with people coming from different parts of the state as well as neighbouring Bangladesh. An annual fair held in honour of a Muslim saint, Hazrat Ekdil Shah is attended by both Muslims and Hindus, since hundreds of years. Kalipuja is a very important event in Barasat. All the communities join this occasion together. Kalipuja is organised by different clubs of Barasat. Rabindra Bhavan is a cultural building made by West Bengal state cultural department on Jessore road. Different cultural event and activities are organised throughout the year.
The town's schools are either run by the state government or by private organisations. Schools mainly use English or Bengali as the medium of instruction. The schools are affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), or the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education. Under the 10+2+3 plan, after completing their secondary education, students typically enroll in a school with a higher secondary facility affiliated with West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE). Students usually choose from one of three streams — liberal arts, commerce, or science, though vocational streams are also available. Upon completing the required coursework, students may enrol in general or professional degree programmed.
- Noapara Rashbehari Institution For Girls
- Barasat Peary Charan Sarkar Government High School
- Barasat Mahatma Gandhi Memorial High School
- Purba Barasat Adarsha Vidyapith
- Nabapally Boys' High School
- Kalikrishna Girls' High School
- Barasat Kali Krishna Girls' High School
- Barasat Indira Gandhi Memorial High School
- The Central Modern School
- Barasat Satya Bharati Vidya Pith
- Kalyani Public School
- Banamalipur Priyanath Institution
- Banamalipur Santosh Bhattacharya Memorial High School
- Kazipara Hazarat Ekdil Shah Higher Secondary School
- Ashwinipalli High School
- Nabapally Jogendranath Balika Vidyamandir
- Binapani Vidyaniketan.
- Auxilium Convent School
- Aditya Academy Senior Secondary
- Little Angels Convent School
- Barasat Vivekananda Adarsha Vidyapith
- Gustia K N High School
- Barasat Girls' High School
- Camellia School Of Engineering And Technology
- Barasat Government College,10 K.N.C. Road, Barasat, Kolkata-124
- Barasat College, previously Evening College, I, Kalyani Road, Barasat, 24- Paraganas,
- RKVM Sarada Ma Girls College,Bakul bone, Talikhola, Kanapukur. Barasat's first girls' college.
- Brainware Group of Institutions, an Engineering & Management College affiliated to West Bengal University of Technology and approved by AICTE.
- Adamas Institute of Technology, an Engineering College affiliated to West Bengal University of Technology and approved by AICTE.
- Camellia School Of Engineering & Technology,an Engineering college affiliated to West Bengal University of Technology.
- Kingston Educational Institute,a Polytechnic,Law,Management & Science College,affiliated to WBUT
- West Bengal State University, created out of University of Calcutta in 2008. All colleges of North 24 Parganas, which were former affiliated to University of Calcutta is affiliated to this university now.
Animation, Visual Effects(Vfx), Web & Graphic Designing, Game Designing and Digital Film Making:
- Rebus Animation & Compositing Academy ( Academy Web Site ), Near Barasat Colony More, Kolkata - 700126,
- Newspapers and magazines: Some small local newspapers and magazines (Review Preview, Muktijodhya, Sabujer Abhijan etc.) are there. However the scenario is dominated by the media of Kolkata. Bengali language newspapers like Anandabazar Patrika, Aajkaal, Bartaman, Sangbad Pratidin and Ganashakti are widely circulated. Regional and national English newspapers such as The Telegraph, The Statesman, Asian Age, Hindustan Times and The Times of India are available.
- Radio: Kolkata's radio stations are available here. Eleven local FM stations: AIR Kolkata (FM Rainbow & FM Gold), Radio Mirchi (98.3 MHz), Red FM (93.5 MHz), Aamar FM (106.2 MHz), Gyan Vani (105.4 MHz),Fever FM(104 MHz),Radio One(94.3 MHz), Oye FM(104.8 MHz), Big FM(92.7 MHz) and Power FM (107.8 MHz) are available.
- Television: The state-owned television broadcaster Doordarshan provides two free terrestrial channels, while MSO provide a mix of Bengali, Hindi, English and other regional channels via cable.
The Barasat Stadium holds some matches of the Kolkata football league and also several district-level, state-level and, infrequently, national level tournaments of several games like volleyball, soccer etc.
Barasat Sub-Division Sports Association is established in the year 1940. There are 24 clubs fully affiliated 15 clubs are affiliated sectionally.
The North 24 Parganas District Hospital (Barasat State General Hospital) is the major healthcare facility in Barasat. Barasat Cancer Research and Welfare Center is a treatment as well as research facility for cancer patients. Barasat also have several privately operated nursing homes and hospital.
- Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was the deputy Magistrate of 24 Parganas in the 19th century.
- Lieut Charles Paton arrived in India 9 October 1810 as a cadet for training in The cadet institution of Barasat under The East India Company, later on in his career he became the Junior Commissioner of Arrakan Province, West Burma. Charles Paton contributed to "Historical and Statistical Sketch of Aracan" to ASIATIC RESEARCHES XVI (1828): 353-381.
- Sir Graves Haughton He first gained cadetship in the year 1808 and attained his first commission on 13 March 1810 from The cadet institution of Barasat. He was exceptional at learning Indian (Hindustani) languages and received the sword of merit and a cash award; which was the highest form of honour from the institution at Barasat. He was among the first responders of the permit to study regional languages in the college of Fort William at Calcutta, and there he received seven medals, three degrees of honour, and various financial awards for proficiency in Arabic, Persian, Hindustani(Hindi), Sanskrit, and Bengali. He went on to become a Lieutenant, a celebrated orientalist, a Knight of The Royal Guelphic Order, a member of the Asiatic society and a published author.
- Official District Administration site Archived 15 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Archived 15 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Base Map of Kolkata Metropolitan area". Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007.
- Hunter, William Wilson (1885). The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Trübner & co. p. 123.
- Wheeler, Mortimer (1935). The Cambridge History of India. Cambridge University Press (CUP). p. 161.
- "Barasat" (PDF). . Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2011. External link in
- Eastern Railway time table.
- "Barasat Climate". . Retrieved 21 September 2011. External link in
- "Barasat Zilla Parishad". . Retrieved 21 September 2011. External link in
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- "Population, Decadal Growth Rate, Density and General Sex Ratio by Residence and Sex, West Bengal/ District/ Sub District, 1991 and 2001". West Bengal. Directorate of Census Operations. Archived from the original on 1 December 2010. Retrieved 25 December 2008.
- Wikisource:Haughton, Graves Champney (DNB00)
- Dictionary of National Biography
- http://odnb2.ifactory.com/view/article/12611[permanent dead link]
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Barasat.|