Barasat II

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Barasat II
বারাসাত II সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Community development block
Barasat II is located in West Bengal
Barasat II
Barasat II
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°38′55″N 88°29′27″E / 22.6487300°N 88.4908300°E / 22.6487300; 88.4908300Coordinates: 22°38′55″N 88°29′27″E / 22.6487300°N 88.4908300°E / 22.6487300; 88.4908300
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Area
 • Total 114.11 km2 (44.06 sq mi)
Elevation 13 m (43 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 200,918
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates 135,695 (77.71%)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone/STD code 033
Vehicle registration WB-23, WB-24, WB-25, WB-26
Lok Sabha constituency Barasat, Basirhat
Vidhan Sabha constituency Madhyamgram, Haroa
Website north24parganas.nic.in

Barasat II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Barasat Sadar subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Barasat and Airport police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Krishnapur.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Rohanda, a constituent panchayat of Barasat II block, is located at 22°38′55″N 88°29′27″E / 22.6487300°N 88.4908300°E / 22.6487300; 88.4908300.

Barasat II CD Block is bounded by Barasat I CD Block in the north, Deganga and Haroa CD Blocks in the west and Rajarhat CD Block in the south. The Barrackpore industrial area with such municipalities as Madhyamgram, Dum Dum and Rajarhat Gopalpur is in the west and Barasat municipality is in the north.[1][2]

Area[edit]

Barasat II CD Block has an area of 114.11 km2.[3]

Physical features[edit]

North 24 Parganas district is part of the Gangetic delta, lying east of the Hooghly River. The country is flat. It is a little raised above flood level and the highest ground borders the river channels. The rivers in the district were formerly distributaries of the Ganges but their mouths have long been filled up and blocked. The area is described as a sort of a drowned land broken by swamps. Land in the north-east of the district is higher than that of the rest of the district. The sturdy peasants raise crops of rice, jute and sugarcane from the alluvial soil. There are clumps of palm and fruit trees in which village homesteads nestle. Industrial activity is concentrated in the narrow strip of land along the Hooghly River. The south-eastern part of the district gradually merges into the Sunderbans.[4] Parts of the metropolitan city of Kolkata extend over southern part of the district.

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Barasat II block/ panchayat samiti are: Chandigarh–Rohanda, Falti Beliaghata, Kemia Khamarpara, Kirtipur I, Dadpur, Kiritipur II and Shason.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Barasat II CD Block had a total population of 200,918, of which 188,294 were rural and 11,994 were urban. There were 104,253 (52%) males and 96,665 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 26,305. Scheduled Castes numbered 21,025 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 2,556.[6]

As per 2001 census, Barasat II block has a total population of 168,828 out of which 87,997 were males and 80,831 were females. Barasat II block registered a population growth of -29.57 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 22.40 per cent.[3] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[7]

Census towns and large villages[edit]

There is only one census town in Barasat II CD Block (2011 census figure in brackets): Deara (11,994).[6]

Large villages in Barasat II CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Gopalpur Chandigar (7,204), Jojra (4,052), Kayemba (4,687), Chaumuha (4,780), Matiagachha (8,223), Mahishgadi (6,468), Sasan (5,818) and Falti-Banpur (6,418).[6]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Barasat II CD Block was 135,695 (77.71% of the population over 6 years) out of which 74,011 (55%) were males and 61,684 (45%) were females.[6]

As per 2011 census, literacy in North 24 Parganas district was 84.06 (including urban areas outside the CD Blocks).[8] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[9] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[9]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[1]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to Census 2001, 54% of the population of North 24 Parganas district lived in the urban areas. The district had 1,571 inhabited villages spread over 22 community development blocks. In the urban area there were 27 municipalities, 20 census towns, 7 urban outgrowths and one town under Cantonment Board. The North 24 Parganas district Human Development Report opines that in spite of agricultural productivity in North 24 Parganas district being rather impressive 81.84% of rural population suffered from shortage of food. The number of families living below the poverty line varied widely from block to block. Even in some municipal areas, such as Baduria, Gobardanga, Taki, Basirhat, Bangaon and Habra surveys have revealed large percentage of people living in poverty. Several poverty alleviation schemes are under implementation mostly at the block level. North 24 Parganas district with a population density of 2,192 persons per square km, was the third densest in West Bengal, after Kolkata and Howrah. The high density of population in the district is largely because of large scale migration of refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, particularly in the period 1947 to 1955. In 2004, life expectancy at birth of a female was 71 years and that of a male was 66 years. With a literacy rate of 68.74% in 2001, the district was second only to Kolkata in the state in literacy. There were 6,139 habitations in the rural areas of North 24 Parganas. Out of these 2,331 habitations have primary schools within the villages and another 3,334 habitations have primary schools within 1 km. There are 474 habitations with primary schools beyond 1 km from the village. There were 258 high schools in the rural areas of the district.[10]

Barasat II CD Block had a population density of 1,483 persons per km2. It was ranked 5 amongst the 22 CD Blocks for density of population in 2001. It had a literacy rate of 68.97%, rank 13. Male literacy rate was 75.89% and female literacy rate was 61.34%. Percentage distribution of main workers in Barasat II CD Block was cultivators 20.98, agricultural labourers 22.91, household industry workers 2.18 and other workers 53.93 (non-agricultural, non-household). 23.12% of households in this CD Block lived below poverty line.[10]

In the Barasat II CD Block 12 villages had secondary schools and for 85.71% villages a college was more than 5 km away. Barasat II had 8 high schools with 6,174 students and 84 teachers. It had 3 higher secondary schools with 3,243 students and 62 teachers.[10]

In Barasat II CD Block, 96.10% of the villages had electricity for domestic use, 94.81% villages had paved approach roads, 87.01% villages had primary schools, none of the villages had maternity and child welfare centres, and 100% villages had drinking water. The tube well is the source of drinking water in 1,244 out of 1,572 villages in the district. In Barasat II CD Block, 60 villages had tube wells for drinking water, 1 village had tap water and 16 villages used tank water. Barasat II CD Block had 230 km surfaced roads and 18 km unsurfaced roads.[10]

North 24 Parganas is one of the leading districts in the formation and development of self-help groups. In Barasat II there were 486 such groups. The major activities done by these groups were poultry, hand-embroidery, tailoring, ari and jari work, nursing and attendant service and wood furniture making. Barasat II CD Block had 3 health centres and 32 sub-centres.[10]


Healthcare[edit]

Barasat II block is one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Barasat II Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "North 24 Parganas District". Map Gallery – CD Blocks. North 24 Parganas district administration. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Census of India 2001, Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal, Table - 4". North Twenty Four Parganas District (11). Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  4. ^ LSS O’Malley. "Bengal District Gazzetteers: 24 Parganas". p 1-4. Google Books. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  5. ^ From Barasat Sadar subdivision page.
  6. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  8. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Intro Pp 3, 6, 8, 22, 38, 202; Block specific Pp 20, 22, 27, 28, 31, 86, 89, 123, 145, 151, 189. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2016. 
  11. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Retrieved 2011-02-17.