Baratang Island

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Baratang Island
Baratang Island is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Baratang Island
Baratang Island
Location of Baratang Island
Geography
Location Bay of Bengal
Coordinates 12°11′N 92°48′E / 12.18°N 92.80°E / 12.18; 92.80Coordinates: 12°11′N 92°48′E / 12.18°N 92.80°E / 12.18; 92.80
Archipelago Andaman Islands
Adjacent bodies of water Indian Ocean
Total islands 1
Major islands
  • Baratang
Area 242.6 km2 (93.7 sq mi)[1]
Length 27.8 km (17.27 mi)
Width 14 km (8.7 mi)
Coastline 117 km (72.7 mi)
Highest elevation 76 m (249 ft)[2]
Highest point north point hill
Administration
District North and Middle Andaman
Island group Andaman Islands
Great Andaman
Taluk Rangat
Largest settlement Nilambur (pop. 1600)
Demographics
Population 5691 (2011)census 2011, only villages on Baratang
Pop. density 23.45 /km2 (60.74 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Hindu, Andamanese
Additional information
Time zone
PIN 744202[3]
Telephone code 031927 [4]
ISO code IN-AN-00[5]
Official website www.and.nic.in
Literacy 75.4%
Avg. summer temperature 30.2 °C (86.4 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 23.0 °C (73.4 °F)
Sex ratio 1.05/
Census Code 35.639.0002
Official Languages Hindi, English

Baratang Island is an island of the Andaman Islands. It belongs to the North and Middle Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.[6] the island is lying 150 km (93 mi) north from Port Blair.

History[edit]

A lighthouse was commissioned in 1985 at the eastern entrance to the andaman strait.[7]

Geography[edit]

The island belongs to the Great Andaman Chain, and with an area of 242.6 square kilometres (93.7 sq mi) it is one of the main islands of the group, a closely set archipelago in the Bay of Bengal, adjoining the Andaman Sea. Middle Andaman is to its north, and South Andaman to the south. The islands of Ritchie's Archipelago lie 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) to the east. Port Blair, the capital of the Indian Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, is located approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) from the southern tip of Baratang. Baratang contains the only known examples of mud volcanoes in India. These mud volcanoes have erupted sporadically, with recent eruptions in 2005 believed to have been associated with the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. The previous major eruption recorded was on 18 February 2003. The locals call this mud volcano jalki. There are other volcanoes in the area. The Barren Island volcano which is the only active volcano in South Asia and the Narcondum volcano which is considered to be a potentially active volcano.

Administration[edit]

Politically, Baratang Island is part of Rangat Taluk.[8]

Transportation[edit]

the Andaman trunk road crosses Baratang. there are 2 ferry crosses: "Bamboo Trikery" Jetty and "Nilambur" Jetty.

Demographics[edit]

There are a couple of villages on Baratang, most noted are Adozig and Nilambur, Rangat. According to the 2011 census of India, the Island has 5691 inhabitants. The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 100%.[9]

Demographics (2011 Census)[9]
Total Male Female
Population 5691 2920 2771
Literates 4291 2321 1970

This island is inhabited mainly by the local Jarawa tribals.[10][11]

Tourism[edit]

Baratang has plenty of private accommodations. Forest and PWD guest houses are also available. Visitors should book well in advance for a confirmed reservation. The major attractions are the limestone caves, the Mud volcano, Parrot Island, and Baludera Beach.[12][13]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Andaman. 
  2. ^ "Sailing Directions (enroute) | India and the Bay of Bengal" (PDF) (173). National Geospatial-intelligence Agency, United States Government. 2014. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  3. ^ "A&N Islands - Pincodes". 22 September 2016. Archived from the original on 23 March 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "STD Codes of Andaman and Nicobar". allcodesindia.in. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  5. ^ Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  6. ^ "Village Code Directory: Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  7. ^ "Government of India, Directorate General of Lighthouses and Lightships.". www.dgll.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-10-18. 
  8. ^ "DEMOGRAPHIC – A&N ISLANDS" (PDF). andssw1.and.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  9. ^ a b "District Census Handbook - Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). 2011 Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations, Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-21. 
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ map
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ [3]