Barbara Ayrton-Gould

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Barbara Ayrton-Gould
Barbara Ayrton-Gould.jpg
Gould in 1924
Member of Parliament for Hendon North
In office
5 July 1945 – 22 February 1950
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded bySir Ian Orr-Ewing
Personal details
Born
Barbara Bodichon Ayrton

(1886-06-01)1 June 1886
Kensington, London
Died14 October 1950(1950-10-14) (aged 64)
NationalityBritish
Political partyLabour
Spouse(s)Gerald Gould
RelationsWilliam Edward Ayrton (father)
Hertha Marks Ayrton (mother)
Edith Ayrton (half-sister)
Michael Ayrton (son)
Alma materUniversity College, London
Nickname(s)Barbie[1]

Barbara Bodichon Ayrton-Gould (née Ayrton; June 1886 – 14 October 1950) was a Labour politician and suffragist in the United Kingdom.

Background and family life[edit]

Ayrton-Gould was born in Kensington, London, the daughter of prominent electrical engineers and inventors Hertha Marks Ayrton and William Edward Ayrton. She was educated at Notting Hill High School, and studied chemistry and physics [2] at University College, London.[3] She married the writer Gerald Gould (1885–1936);[4] the artist Michael Ayrton (1921–1975) was their son. Until 1930, Gould worked as publicity manager of the Daily Herald.[3]

Suffrage work[edit]

Ayrton dressed as Grace Darling to promote the WSPU Women’s exhibition, in May 1909

In 1906, she became a member of the Women's Social and Political Union and gave up her science research [2] to be a full-time organizer for them by 1909.[5] She wrote the pro-suffrage pamphlet The Democratic Plea for the Men's Political Union for Women's Enfranchisement.[3][5]

In March 1912, Ayrton-Gould participated in smashing store windows in the West End of London for suffrage, for which she served time in prison.[5] On her release, in 1913, she went to France, disguised as a schoolgirl, so she would not be arrested again.[3][5]

In 1914, Ayrton-Gould left the Women's Social and Political Union due to frustration with the autocratic tendencies of their leaders, as well as Christabel Pankhurst's continuing absence.[3][5] On 6 February 1914, she, her husband, and Evelyn Sharp founded the United Suffragists,[3] notable for accepting both male and female members.[5] The United Suffragists ended their campaign when 1918's Representation of the People Act gave women limited suffrage in the United Kingdom.[5]

Political office[edit]

Ayrton-Gould became a member of the National Executive Committee of the Labour Party in 1929,[6] and served as vice-Chair in 1938 and Chair of the Labour Party from 1939 to 1940.[4] As from 1922, she made four unsuccessful attempts to get elected as MP.[3] During the general election of 1929 she missed victory in Northwich by only four votes.[7] The fifth time, Gould was elected Member of Parliament for newly created Hendon North constituency in Labour's landslide victory of 1945.[4] The forerunner constituency, Hendon, had since 1935 grown considerably in population (and to some extent number of homes) and was split in two; it had been solidly won by Conservative candidates since 1910, however the north division fell to Gould's campaign, a feat not to be repeated until 1997 by a Labour candidate. In Parliament, the two main issues of Gould's concern were food supplies and child poverty. Thus, she succeeded in introducing a resolution which called for a government enquiry into child neglect.[8] She also was a Justice of the Peace in Marylebone.[2]

Ayrton-Gould held the seat until losing the next general election (in 1950), when it was gained by Ian Orr-Ewing (Con).[6] She withdrew as prospective candidate for the constituency in September because of ill health.[6] A month later Gould died, eight months after leaving the House of Commons.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey (1986). Women in Science: Antiquity Through the Nineteenth Century (3rd ed.). Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-15031-X.
  2. ^ a b c Atkinson, Diane (2018). Rise up, women! : the remarkable lives of the suffragettes. London: Bloomsbury. pp. 146, 539. ISBN 9781408844045. OCLC 1016848621.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g The Women's Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide 1866-1928 by Elizabeth Crawford; UCL Press, 1999
  4. ^ a b c d "FORMER M.P.-Death of Mrs. Barbara Ayrton Gould". Western Morning News. 16 October 1950. Retrieved 12 October 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g 'Suffragette': The Real Women Who Inspired the Film; Bio., 23 October 2015, by Sara Kettler
  6. ^ a b c "Mrs Ayrton-Gould Withdraws". Dundee Evening Telegraph. 5 September 1950. Retrieved 12 October 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  7. ^ "THIRTEEN WOMEN MEMBERS". Gloucestershire Echo. 1 June 1929. Retrieved 15 October 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  8. ^ Perera, Kathryn (2011-01-03). For what we have done and for what we have failed to do: Barbara Ayrton Gould. LabourList, 3 January 2011. Retrieved from http://labourlist.org/2011/01/for-what-we-have-done-and-for-what-we-have-failed-to-do-barbara-ayrton-gould/.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency Member of Parliament for Hendon North
19451950
Succeeded by
Ian Orr-Ewing
Party political offices
Preceded by
George Dallas
Chair of the Labour Party
1939–1940
Succeeded by
James Walker