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Barbara Brylska (born 5 June 1941) is a Polish actress who was also featured in numerous films throughout the countries of the Warsaw Pact including the Soviet Union. She is noted especially for her role as Nadya in the 1975 Soviet comedy film Irony of Fate.
Barbara Brylska was born on June 5, 1941, in Skotniki, near Łódź, Poland. At the age of 15, she was cast in the film Kalosze szczęścia. After this role, she took acting lessons in a theater school and became a student at the National Film School in Łódź. In 1967 she completed her acting education at the Warsaw School of Theatre, Film and Television.
Brylska's first major role was in the film Ich dzień powszedni (1963). In 1966 she played the Phoenician priestess Kama in the feature film Pharaoh (Polish: Faraon), based on the novel by Bolesław Prus.
For her role as Nadya in the 1975 film Irony of Fate, directed by Eldar Ryazanov, she received a Soviet state award. Her acceptance of this award created controversy in her home country. Nonetheless she became a popular actress in the Soviet Union. She would later claim that her success caused jealousy in the Polish film community and led it to ignore her work.