Barbara Dane, "Trouble in Mind", 1957
|Birth name||Barbara Jean Spillman|
|Born||May 12, 1927|
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
|Genres||Jazz, vocal jazz, folk, blues|
"Bessie Smith in stereo," wrote jazz critic Leonard Feather in the late 1950s. Time wrote of Dane: "The voice is pure, rich ... rare as a 20 carat diamond" and quoted Louis Armstrong's exclamation upon hearing her at the Pasadena jazz festival: "Did you get that chick? She's a gasser!"  On the occasion of her 85th birthday, The Boston Globe music critic James Reed called her "one of the true unsung heroes of American music." 
Barbara Dane's parents arrived in Detroit from Arkansas in the 1920s. Out of high school, Dane began to sing regularly at demonstrations for racial equality and economic justice. While still in her teens, she sat in with bands around town and won the interest of local music promoters. She got an offer to tour with Alvino Rey's band, but she turned it down in favor of singing at factory gates and in union halls.
Career as singer
To Ebony, she seemed "startlingly blonde, especially when that powerful dusky alto voice begins to moan of trouble, two-timing men and freedom ... with stubborn determination, enthusiasm and a basic love for the underdog, [she is] making a name for herself ... aided and abetted by some of the oldest names in jazz who helped give birth to the blues." The seven-page article was filled with photos of Dane working with Memphis Slim, Willie Dixon, Muddy Waters, Clara Ward, Mama Yancey, Little Brother Montgomery and others.
By 1959, Louis Armstrong had asked Time magazine readers: "Did you get that chick? She's a gasser!" and invited her to appear with him on national television. She appeared with Armstrong on the Timex All-Star Jazz Show hosted by Jackie Gleason on January 7, 1959. She toured the East Coast with Jack Teagarden, appeared in Chicago with Art Hodes, Roosevelt Sykes, Little Brother Montgomery, Memphis Slim, Otis Spann, Willie Dixon and others, played New York with Wilbur De Paris and his band, and appeared on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson as a solo guest artist. Other national TV work included The Steve Allen Show, Bobby Troup's Stars of Jazz, and Alfred Hitchcock Presents. In 1961, the singer opened her own club, Sugar Hill: Home of the Blues, on San Francisco's Broadway in the North Beach district, with the idea of creating a venue for the blues in a tourist district where a wider audience could hear it. There Dane performed regularly with her two most constant musical companions: Kenny "Good News" Whitson on piano and cornet and Wellman Braud, former Ellington bassist.
In her speech to the GI Movement of the Vietnam War Era (whose text can be found in the booklet that's included in Paredon Records' FTA! Songs of the GI Resistance vinyl album of 1970), Barbara Dane said, "I was too stubborn to hire one of the greed-head managers, probably because I'm a woman who likes to speak for herself. I always made my own deals and contracts, and after figuring out the economics of it, I was free to choose when and where I worked, able to spend lots more time with my three children and doing political work, and even brought home more money in the end, by not going for the 'bigtime.' I did make some really nice records, because I was able to choose and work with wonderfully gifted musicians."
She continued to weave in appearances as a solo performer on the coffeehouse circuit with her folk-style guitar. She opposed building a Pacific Gas and Electric nuclear plant at the seismically precarious Bodega Bay. In organizing the resistance to that siting proposal, she recorded an album on the Fantasy label with Wally Rose, Bob Helm, Bob Mielke, and Lu Watters. It included the title track, "Blues over Bodega", and another tune, San Andreas Fault. She also stepped up her work in the movements for peace and justice as the struggle for civil rights spread and the Vietnam war escalated. She sang at peace demonstrations in Washington, D.C. and throughout the U.S. and toured anti-war GI coffeehouses all over the world. In 1966, Barbara Dane became the first U.S. musician to tour post-revolutionary Cuba.
In 1970, Dane founded Paredon Records with husband Irwin Silber, a label specializing in international protest music. She produced nearly 50 albums, including three of her own, over a 12-year period. The label was later incorporated into Smithsonian-Folkways, a label of the Smithsonian Institution, and is available through its catalog.
"The world needs more people like Barbara, someone who is willing to follow her conscience. She is, if the term must be used, a hero", Bob Dylan wrote in an open letter to Broadside magazine in 1964.
Blues singer and role model
When she was in her late 70s, Philip Elwood, jazz critic of the San Francisco Examiner, said of her: "Dane is back and beautiful...she has an immense voice, remarkably well-tuned...capable of exquisite presentations regardless of the material. As a gut-level blues singer she is without compare." Blues writer Lee Hildebrand calls her "perhaps the finest living interpreter of the classic blues of the 1920s." In a 2010 profile on Barbara produced by Steven Short of KALW in San Francisco, Bonnie Raitt said "she’s always been a role model and a hero of mine – musically and politically. I mean, the arc of her life so informs mine that – she’s – I really can’t think of anyone I admire [more], the way that she’s lived her life." The interview is archived on KALW's website.
Dane was married to folk singer Rolf Cahn. Their son Jesse Cahn also became a folk musician. Pablo Menendez, Dane's son with jeweler Byron Menendez, leads Mezcla, a multicultural musical ensemble in Cuba. Dane's daughter Nina Menendez is the artistic director of the Bay Area Flamenco Festival and Festival Flamenco Gitano. In 1964, Dane married Irwin Silber, a Communist activist and former editor of Sing Out! magazine, who died in 2010. Dane resides in Oakland, California
- Trouble in Mind (San Francisco, 1957)
- A Night at the Ash Grove (World Pacific, 1958)
- Livin' with the Blues (Dot, 1959)
- On My Way (Capitol, 1962)
- When I Was a Young Girl (Horizon, 1962)
- Sings the Blues with 6 & 12 String Guitar (Folkways, 1964)
- Barbara Dane and the Chambers Brothers (Folkways, 1966)
- FTA! Songs of the GI Resistance (Paredon, 1970)
- I Hate the Capitalist System (Paredon, 1973)
- When We Make It Through (Paredon, 1982)
- Sometimes I Believe She Loves Me with Lightnin' Hopkins (Arhoolie, 1996)
- What Are You Gonna Do When There Ain't No Jazz? (GHB, 2002)
- Live! at the Ash Grove: New Years Eve 1961–62 (Dreadnaught, 2004)
- Throw It Away with Tammy Hall (Dreadnaught, 2016)
- Hot Jazz, Cool Blues & Hard-Hitting Songs (Smithsonian Folkways, 2018)
- "Nightclubs: A Gasser Time". Time. November 24, 1958. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Reed, James. "In song and struggle, Barbara Dane a singular voice". The Boston Globe.
- Hinckley, David (February 26, 2003). "This Lady Doth Protest, through A Life in Song". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- "White Blues Singer: Blonde keeps blues alive". Ebony. November 1959. pp. 149–154. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Alger, Dean (2014). The Original Guitar Hero and the Power of Music: The Legendary Lonnie Johnson, Music, and Civil Rights. University of North Texas Press. p. 246. ISBN 978-1-5744-1546-9 – via Project MUSE.
- Lee Hildebrand, liner notes "Brownie McGee, Live at the Sugar Hill"
- "Songs of the GI Resistance Sung by Barbara Dane with active-duty GIs (1970)" (PDF). Smithsonian Folkways. Retrieved 2014-06-14.
- Blues Over Bodega. AllMusic, Retrieved December 23, 2018.
- Strauss, Neil (February 27, 2003). "THE POP LIFE; A Call to Guitars As War Looms". The New York Times.
- Pietaro, John (November 2, 2010). "Irwin Silber, 1925-2010". ZMag. ZCommunications. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
- "Paredon Records: Activist songs and speeches from 1970 to 1985". Smithsonian Folkways. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Ronald D. Cohen, James Capaldi, ed. (2013). The Pete Seeger Reader. Oxford University Press. p. 209. ISBN 0199336121.
- "let me begin by not beginnin". Lettersofnote.com. July 11, 2012.
- "Barbara Dane: still singing, still resisting". KALW. August 22, 2016.
- "HOME". Jessecahn.com. Retrieved 2014-06-13.
- "Jazz vocalist, activist Barbara Dane: Still adding to her legacy at 91". Berkeleyside.com. 15 May 2018. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
- "Local Music: Barbara Dane". Kalw.org. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
- "Smithsonian Folkways - I Hate the Capitalist System - Barbara Dane". Folkways.si.edu. 2013-03-20. Retrieved 2014-06-13.
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