Barbara Krafft, née Steiner, (1 April 1764 – 28 September 1825) was an Austrian painter, most remembered today for her widely reproduced posthumous portrait of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Life and career
She was born Maria Barbara Steiner in Jihlava (now a city in the Czech Republic) where her father, the Austrian Imperial court painter Johann Nepomuk Steiner, was working at the time. She was taught painting by her father and accompanied him to Vienna, where she exhibited her first painting in 1786 at the Academy of Fine Arts.
In 1789 she married the Viennese pharmacist Josef Krafft. Their son Johann August Krafft, born in 1792 and taught by his mother, later became a painter and lithographer. For various periods between 1794 and 1803 Krafft worked and travelled alone in Jihlava, Salzburg, and Prague, achieving increasing success primarily as a portrait painter, but also producing genre and religious works. By 1804 she was separated from her husband and settled in Salzburg where she lived until 1821. In the last four years of her life, she lived in Bamberg where she died at the age of 61.
- Wacha, Georg (1969). "Krafft, Barbara (Maria)". Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 Volume 4, pp. 187–188. Austrian Academy of Sciences. ISBN 3700121458 (in German)
- Greer, Germaine (2001). The Obstacle Race: The Fortunes of Women Painters and Their Work. Tauris Parke. ISBN 1860646778