National Vaccine Information Center

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National Vaccine Information Center
Founded1982 (1982)
FoundersBarbara Loe Fisher, Jeff Schwartz, Kathi Williams
Type501(c)3
FocusAnti-vaccination advocacy
Location
FundingJoseph Mercola
Websitewww.nvic.org
Formerly called
Dissatisfied Parents Together (DPT)

The National Vaccine Information Center (NVIC), founded under the name Dissatisfied Parents Together (DPT) in 1982, is an American 501(c)(3)[1] organization that has been widely criticized as a leading source of fearmongering and misinformation about vaccines.[2][3][4] While NVIC describes itself as the "oldest and largest consumer led organization advocating for the institution of vaccine safety and informed consent protections",[5] it promotes false and misleading information including the discredited claim that vaccines cause autism,[6][7][8] and its campaigns portray vaccination as risky, encouraging people to consider "alternatives."[9]

Like other anti-vaccination groups, NVIC has been investing heavily into its social media presence in the 2010s. In addition to developing their own social media channels, the organization pushes anti-vaccination messages to online gatherings of young parents, anti-GMO activists and wellness enthusiasts.[10] However, due the group's decision to stick to Facebook as their main social media channel, they experienced only a small growth of their social media base, while other anti-vaccination groups such as Children's Health Defense saw their impact increase considerably on systems such as Instagram during the COVID-19 pandemic.[11] In April, 2020, the organization was identified as one of the greatest disseminators COVID-19 misinformation on Facebook.[12]

Background[edit]

The organization was co-founded in 1982 by Jeff Schwartz, Barbara Loe Fisher, and Kathi Williams under the name Dissatisfied Parents Together (DPT).[13]:8 Each of them had observed the health of one of their children deteriorate at some point after receiving a dose of the DPT vaccine and had watched a television broadcast of the film DPT: Vaccine Roulette, which drew an erroneous causal link between DPT vaccines and illnesses of some children who received them.[13]:1–6 In 1985, Fisher and Harris Coulter co-authored a book, DPT: A Shot in the Dark, which asserted an association between the whole cell pertussis (whooping cough) vaccine in the DPT shot and autism.[14] The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention now recommend the newer acellular pertussis vaccines (DTaP and Tdap), and whole cell pertussis vaccines are no longer used in the US.[15][16] because of adverse effects unrelated to autism.[17][18]

In the early 1980s, the organization joined with the American Academy of Pediatrics to draft the original legislation for the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986,[19][20] which created a federal vaccine injury compensation program, mandated doctors to give parents vaccine benefit and risk information, and required the recording and reporting of vaccine injuries and deaths (see Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System). The organization changed its name to the National Vaccine Information Center in the early 1990s.[13]:8

NVIC hosted the 2020 International Public Conference on Vaccination, which aimed to coordinate messaging between the main anti-vaccination groups in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The attendees included Robert F. Kennedy Jr.'s Children's Health Defense and Del Bigtree speaking for the Informed Consent Action Network, as well as Joseph Mercola, Andrew Wakefield and Sherri Tenpenny.[21][22][23]

Funding[edit]

Although the NVIC claims to be supported primarily by small donations, 40% of its funding came from the anti-vaccination activist and distributor of vitamin supplements Joseph Mercola, who provided $2.9 million between 2009 and 2018. The funds were provided through Mercola's Natural Health Research Foundation.[24]

Barry Segal's Focus for Health foundation is also contributing to NVIC, with $400,000 between 2011 to 2017.[24]

Despite spreading misinformation about vaccines, the NVIC received a federal loan of $136,000 through the Paycheck Protection Program in 2020.[25][26]

Reception[edit]

The journalist Michael Specter described the NVIC as:

"... an organization that, based on its name, certainly sounds like a federal agency. Actually, it's just the opposite: the NVIC is the most powerful anti-vaccine organization in America, and its relationship with the U.S. government consists almost entirely of opposing federal efforts aimed at vaccinating children."[2]

The NVIC asserts that there has been inadequate research into the link between the rise in the number of children diagnosed with autism and mass vaccination programs. There have, however, been a number of peer-reviewed studies and meta-analyses that have shown no correlation between vaccine administration and autism diagnosis.[27][28][29]

The skeptic and science blogger Phil Plait notes that while "On their site they take "vaccine injuries" as given," the "litany of effects is interesting, given that to the best of my knowledge (and I've looked) none of them has actually been linked to vaccines in real medical studies."[4] The NVIC received criticism in April 2011 for ads that it placed on a jumbotron in Times Square.[30][31] The ads criticized childhood immunization and promoted an alternative medicine website. In a letter to CBS, which owned the jumbotron, the American Academy of Pediatrics stated, "By providing advertising space to an organization like the NVIC... you are putting thousands of lives of children at risk."[32]

A controversial ad produced by NVIC regarding preventive measures for influenza was aired on some Delta Air Lines flights, prompting the president of the American Academy of Pediatrics to write a letter to the CEO of Delta on November 4, 2011, urging Delta to "remove these harmful messages."[33][34] An online petition was also set up to urge Delta to remove the ads.[33][34]

The refusal of Delta Air Lines to stop showing the ad immediately prompted the Institute for Science in Medicine to protest and to call the decision:

"...indefensible from a public health perspective,..." and saying "The NVIC ad is, as one commentator aptly observed, a Trojan Horse. Delta passengers in November are being directed to the website of a prominent anti-vaccination organization, one that has tried to thwart national vaccine campaigns for three decades. Moreover, NVIC has the sort of name that sounds like a federal agency, one that passengers might mistake as a source of reliable information."[35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IRS Exempt Organizations Select Check
  2. ^ a b Specter, Michael (2009). Denialism: How Irrational Thinking Hinders Scientific Progress, Harms the Planet, and Threatens Our Lives. The Penguin Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-59420-230-8.
  3. ^ See also:
  4. ^ a b Plait, Phil. "Antivaxxers Using Billboards to Promote Their Dangerous Message". Slate.
  5. ^ Canon, Gabrielle (March 2, 2015). "Is Your State Trying to Outlaw Vaccine Exemptions?". Mother Jones. Mother Jones and the Foundation for National Progress.
  6. ^ Haelle, Tara. "Sears and Gordon: Should Misleading Vaccine Advice Have Professional Consequences?". Forbes. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
  7. ^ Park, Alice. "Study Linking Vaccines to Autism Is "Fraudulent"". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
  8. ^ Haberman, Clyde (February 1, 2015). "A Discredited Vaccine Study's Continuing Impact on Public Health". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
  9. ^ "On the Internet, anyone can speak persuasively about vaccines". Los Angeles Times.
  10. ^ DiResta, Renée (December 20, 2020). "Anti-vaxxers Think This Is Their Moment". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on December 20, 2020. Retrieved December 20, 2020.
  11. ^ "The Anti-Vaxx Industry" (PDF). Center for Countering Digital Hate. Center for Countering Digital Hate. 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 21, 2020. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  12. ^ "Tracking Facebook's COVID-19 Misinformation 'Super-spreaders'". Newsguard. April 23, 2020. Archived from the original on January 11, 2021. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
  13. ^ a b c Offit, Paul A. (2010). Deadly Choices: How the Anti-Vaccine Movement Threatens Us All. Basic Books. ISBN 9780465023561.
  14. ^ Morales, Tatiana (December 4, 2002). "To Vaccinate Or Not". CBS News. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  15. ^ "Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis Vaccine Recommendations". CDC. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. December 19, 2018.
  16. ^ "Pertussis Vaccination: Use of Acellular Pertussis Vaccines Among Infants and Young Children Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)". CDC. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. March 28, 1997.
  17. ^ https://www.cdc.gov/pertussis/outbreaks/guide/downloads/chapter-04-amended.pdf
  18. ^ "Pertussis Vaccination: Use of Acellular Pertussis Vaccines Among Infants and Young Children Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)".
  19. ^ Committee to Review the Adverse Consequences of Pertussis and Rubella Vaccines, Institute of Medicine (1991). Howson, Christopher P.; Howe, Cynthia J.; Fineberg, Harvey V. (eds.). Adverse Effects of Pertussis and Rubella Vaccines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. p. 324. doi:10.17226/1815. ISBN 978-0309103688. PMID 25121241. Retrieved August 29, 2013. The American Academy of Pediatrics and Dissatisfied Parents Together conduct more than 8 months of discussions to develop recommendations for a federal compensation program for children with vaccine-related illnesses and injuries
  20. ^ Mariner, W K (1992). "The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program". Health Affairs. 11 (1): 255–65. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.11.1.255. PMID 1577380. Parents' groups, notably Dissatisfied Parents Together (DPT), which joined with the American Academy of Pediatrics to draft the original legislation, believed that agencies within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) were unsympathetic to compensating vaccine-related injuries.
  21. ^ "Fifth International Public Conference on Vaccination". Archived from the original on January 11, 2021. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  22. ^ Gavura, Scott (January 21, 2021). "The Anti-Vaxxer Playbook to Destroy Confidence in COVID-19 Vaccines". Science-based Medicine. Archived from the original on January 21, 2021. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  23. ^ "The Anti-Vaxx Playbook" (PDF). Center for Countering Digital Hate. Center for Countering Digital Hate. 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 30, 2020. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  24. ^ a b Satija, Neena; Sun, Lena (December 20, 2019). "A major funder of the anti-vaccine movement has made millions selling natural health products". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 21, 2019. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  25. ^ Dwoskin, Elizabeth; Gregg, Aaron (January 18, 2021). "The Trump administration bailed out prominent anti-vaccine groups during a pandemic". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  26. ^ "FederalPay.org PPP Loan Data — National Vaccine Information Center, Sterling, VA". FederalPay.org. Archived from the original on January 19, 2021. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  27. ^ Gerber, Jeffrey S.; Offit, Paul A. (2009). "Vaccines and Autism: A Tale of Shifting Hypotheses". Clin. Infect. Dis. 48 (4): 456–461. doi:10.1086/596476. PMC 2908388. PMID 19128068.
  28. ^ The Rise in Autism and the Mercury Myth. Lawrence Scahill, MSN, PhD and Karen Bearss, PhD
  29. ^ DeStefano, Frank; Price, Christopher S.; Weintraub, Eric S. (April 1, 2013). "Increasing Exposure to Antibody-Stimulating Proteins and Polysaccharides in Vaccines Is Not Associated with Risk of Autism". Journal of Pediatrics. 163 (2): 561–7. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.02.001. PMID 23545349. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
  30. ^ The ad that could help fuel a health crisis, Salon.com, April 25, 2011
  31. ^ Doctors demand the removal of anti-vaccine ad from Times Square, The Guardian
  32. ^ Consumer Health Digest #11-10, National Council Against Health Fraud, April 28, 2011
  33. ^ a b Herper, Matthew (November 7, 2011). "Pediatrician Group Slams Delta Airlines For Running Video Made By Vaccine Skeptics," Forbes.
  34. ^ a b Khan, Amina (November 16, 2011). "Pediatricians decry in-flight vaccine-questioning ad on Delta," Los Angeles Times.
  35. ^ Delta’s Decision Doesn’t Fly with Us. Airline Continues to Show Anti-Vaccinationists’ Ad. Institute for Science in Medicine, Nov. 2011

External links[edit]