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Barbara Mandrell

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Barbara Mandrell
Country singer Barbara Mandrell in a white dress, singing into a microphone
Mandrell in 1991
Born
Barbara Ann Mandrell

(1948-12-25) December 25, 1948 (age 73)
Occupation
  • Musician
  • singer
  • actress
  • author
Years active1960–2000
Spouse(s)
Ken Dudney
(m. 1967)
Children3
Relatives
Musical career
Genres
Instrument(s)
Labels
Websitebarbaramandrell.com

Barbara Ann Mandrell (born December 25, 1948)[1] is an American country music singer and musician. She is also credited as an actress and author. During the late 1970s and early 1980s, she was considered among country's most successful music artists. She had six number one singles and 25 top ten singles reach the Billboard country songs chart.[2] She also hosted her own prime–time television show in the early 1980s that featured music, dance numbers and comedy sketches. Mandrell also played a variety of musical instruments during her career that helped earn her a series of major–industry awards.

Mandrell was born in Texas and raised mostly in California. Raised by a musical family, she played an assortment of instruments by the time she reached her teenage years. Her skills on the steel guitar were noticed by country music entertainers, who gave Mandrell her first performance opportunities at age 13. During this period she became a regular on the television program Town Hall Party and performed as a musician in shows featuring Johnny Cash and Patsy Cline. Her family formed a band in her late teens which traveled overseas and entertained military bases. After marrying in 1967, Mandrell nearly ended her performing but ultimately decided to pursue a singing career instead. In 1969, she signed her first recording contract as a singer with Columbia Records.

In the early 1970s, Mandrell recorded a number of singles that combined country influences with R&Bsoul. Her singles made the country charts with regularity. Her most successful of this period was "Tonight My Baby's Coming Home" (1971) and "The Midnight Oil". In 1975, she moved to ABCDot records and reached her commercial breakthrough with country–pop singles like "Sleeping Single in a Double Bed" (1978), "(If Loving You Is Wrong) I Don't Want to Be Right" (1979), "I Was Country When Country Wasn't Cool" (1981) and "One of a Kind Pair of Fools" (1983). She became a headlining concert attraction and won several major–industry awards including the Entertainer of the Year accolade from the Country Music Association.

After a 1984 car accident, Mandrell nearly ended her career. In 1985 she returned to recording and had several more top ten country singles during the decade including "Fast Lanes and Country Roads" (1985), "No One Mends a Broken Heart Like You" (1986), and "I Wish I Could Fall in Love Today" (1988). She resumed performing, appearing live in concert and acting on television. Mandrell appeared in several television films and shows during the late 1980s and 1990s like Burning Rage and Empty Nest. She continued recording into the 1990s, releasing several albums for the Capitol label including No Nonsense (1991). In 1997, Mandrell announced her retirement from performing and recording. She continued an acting career until 2000. In 2009, she was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame for her work in the industry.

Early childhood[edit]

Mandrell was born in Houston, Texas.[3][4] She was the eldest daughter born to parents Mary Ellen and Irby Mandrell.[3][5] The family later moved to Corpus Christi, Texas where her father was a police officer and her mother was a music teacher. Mandrell's two sisters, Irlene and Louise, were born in the city.[6] While in Corpus Christi, Mandrell got acquainted with music. She sang and played music regularly at home. She also recalled having a natural ear for hearing music. "I remember once I was at my cousins’ home in Falfurrias. We were playing outside—and I’m talking this is when I’m a little girl—and we were singing, of all things, 'I’ve Been Working on the Railroad.' All of a sudden I started to hear harmony. I began to sing it, and I just thought, 'This is the neatest thing in the world,'" she told Texas Monthly.[6]

In her early childhood, she began performing publicly. Her first recollection of performing in front people was at her family's church singing a rendition of the "Gospel Boogie".[7] In addition to singing, Mandrell also learned several instruments as a small child. Mary Ellen Mandrell taught her daughter how to play the accordion and read music before she entering first grade.[3][8] When she was six years old, the family moved to Oceanside, California.[6] Irby Mandrell opened his own music store.[9] In her elementary school years, she learned to play saxophone while a part of the school band.[8] During the same period, she started taking lessons on the steel guitar from her father's friend Norman Hamlet. After a year of practice on the instrument, Irby Mandrell took his daughter to a music trade show in Chicago, Illinois. At the program, she performed on the steel guitar. She was heard by country performer Joe Maphis who would help launch Mandrell's early career as a musician.[9]

Music career[edit]

1960–1968: Late childhood and teenage years as a steel guitarist[edit]

In 1960, Joe Maphis brought eleven-year-old Mandrell onto his country music show in Las Vegas, Nevada. As part of Maphis's act, she performed the steel guitar.[8] Maphis also helped her secure a regular spot on the country music California television program Town Hall Party.[9][3] Feeling as if she was the only female musician, Mandrell discovered on Town Hall Party that other female instrumentalists also existed: "Men dominated the world of country music, but I looked around and discovered there were more women than you might have thought."[7] On summers off from school, Mandrell routinely went back to Las Vegas to perform.[10] In 1962, she toured country music shows with artists Johnny Cash and Patsy Cline.[7] During the tour, 13-year old Mandrell shared hotel rooms with Cline since she was underage.[11] She also performed steel guitar for Red Foley, Little Jimmy Dickens and Tex Ritter.[10]

A pedal steel guitar, with the word "Zumsteel" written on its side.
As a teenager, Mandrell became skilled at the steel guitar and often played background for several country music artists.

When she turned 14, her parents formed the Mandrell Family Band with Barbara on steel guitar, mother Mary Ellen on piano, and father Irby on lead vocals.[7] They also hired two outside musicians including drummer Ken Dudney, whom Mandrell would later marry in 1967.[12] The Mandrell Family Band mostly played military bases around the United States and performed a variety of music including songs by The Beatles. While in the band, Mandrell also learned how to play banjo and bass guitar.[12][8] Mandrell also engaged in other activities during her teenage years. In 1965, she was voted "Miss Oceanside California".[13] She participated in the marching band, chorus and student council. She eventually graduated from high school in 1967.[7]

Shortly after high school graduation, Mandrell married Ken Dudney and chose to retire from performing to become a full-time housewife.[14][8][4] Her last performance trip was to Vietnam where the Mandrell Family Band entertained the troops fighting in the Vietnam War.[7] Upon returning, Mandrell found out that her husband had been sent temporarily overseas for his Navy pilot career. Feeling alone, Mandrell visited with her parents who had just moved to Nashville, Tennessee. There, the family attended a performance at the Grand Ole Opry.[12] While watching the show that evening, Mandrell realized that she still wanted to perform. "I wasn't cut out to be in the audience," she recalled in 2003.[15] With father Irby acting as her manager[8] she got the chance to play steel guitar on a show located in the Printer's Alley section of Nashville. In addition to the steel guitar, Mandrell also sang on several selections in the show.[14] Her skills as both a singer and musician caught the attention of six different record companies who offered her a recording contract. This included country music producer Billy Sherrill, who was watching the performance. In 1969, Mandrell signed with Sherill's label Columbia Records as a recording artist.[15][4]

1969–1974: Singing transition and early success at Columbia Records[edit]

Mandrell started her singing career by cutting covers of R&Bsoul selections.[3][14] Her first Columbia single made America's Billboard country songs chart in 1969 called "I've Been Loving You Too Long (To Stop Now)".[16] It was a cover of the Otis Redding original.[14][4] It was followed by the Billy Sherrill-penned "Playin' Around with Love" (1970). It became her first song to reach the top 20, peaking at number 18 on the Billboard country chart.[16] Her next singles were covers of Aretha Franklin's "Do Right Woman, Do Right Man" and Roy Head's "Treat Him Right".[4][17] In 1971, Mandrell's debut studio album was released through Columbia, also titled Treat Him Right. The disc included her charting singles between 1969 and 1971, along with covers of songs by Ivory Joe Hunter, Joe South and others.[18] Her early success garnered Mandrell the Top New Female Vocalist award from the Academy of Country Music in 1970[19] and a membership to the Grand Ole Opry in 1972.[14][20]

A bust of Barbara Mandrell, who is wearing a red sweater and smiling.
Barbara Mandrell, 1974.

In 1971, Mandrell's single "Tonight My Baby's Coming Home" was her first to peak in the top ten of the Billboard country songs chart.[16] It was followed in 1972 by a cover of Joe Tex's "Show Me", which made the top 20 on the same chart.[16][14] At the same time, Mandrell started recording with country singer David Houston. Several of their recordings were released as singles and made the country charts in the United States and Canada. Their first single "After Closing Time" reached number six on the Billboard country survey and number four on Canada's RPM Country songs list.[16][21] Their duets made the charts several more times between 1970 and 1974, including "I Love You, I Love You" (1973), which climbed into the Billboard top ten as well.[16] Their recordings were released on a studio album titled A Perfect Match.[14]

Critics and writers took notice of Mandrell's fusion of country music with R&B and soul. Author Kurt Wolff of Country Music: The Rough Guide described her early chart records as "colorful, spirited country soul". Wolff further explained, "The songs weren't exactly all roots and downhome twang, but they were certainly closer to the ground (and the soul) than any of her later, more suburban material."[3] Mary A. Bufwack and Robert K. Oermann highlighted Mandrell's country–soul mix in their 2003 book: "[Mandrell's delivery] gives her vocals a hoarse, urgent quality that she put to good use on 'blue-eyed soul' versions of R&B songs," they noted.[15]

In reviewing a Columbia compilation, AllMusic's Greg Adams stated that her early work was "some of the best recordings [Barbara Mandrell] ever made."[22] Some critics found that Mandrell's Columbia material lacked individuality and at times seemed closer resemble that of other Columbia artists. "Sometimes, it seems as if Sherrill isn't quite sure what to do with Mandrell. He keeps her away from anything that could be construed as a good fit for Tammy Wynette, and when the country does turn toward the straight-ahead, it's still soft; Merle Haggard's 'Today I Started Loving You Again' doesn't carry resignation in Barbara's hands, only reassurance," Stephen Thomas Erlewine commented on one of her early LP's.[23]

In 1973, Columbia issued what was considered Mandrell's breakthrough record,[15] called "The Midnight Oil". The song told the story of a wife having an affair and lying to her husband about the situation.[15][3] The single became her second solo top ten hit, reaching number seven on the Billboard country chart and number five on the RPM country chart.[16][21] Its corresponding studio album of the same name reached the number eight position on the Billboard country LP's chart.[24] In 1974, she reached the top 20 on the country chart with "This Time I Almost Made It",[16] which followed a similar country–soul style as her previous material.[23] Mandrell later reflected to Biography about the lack of confidence she felt showcased her Columbia material: "There have been many times when I thought other people might be better singers or better musicians or prettier than me, but then I would hear Daddy's voice telling me to never say never, and I would find a way to squeeze an extra inch or two out of what God had given me."[5] In 1975, she left Columbia's roster.[14]

1975–1986: Country–pop crossover and career peak[edit]

Barbara Mandrell in a sparkling dress.
Barbara Mandrell in Billboard magazine, 1977.

In 1975, Mandrell signed a recording contract with ABCDot (it was later bought by MCA Records). With producer Tom Collins, Mandrell incorporated a pop production that broadened her appeal with listeners.[3][14] Her first ABC–Dot single was 1975's "Standing Room", which was her first top five Billboard country song.[16][4] It was followed by the top 20 songs "That's What Friends Are For" and "Midnight Angel".[16] Collins also incorporated R&B elements into her repertoire, which further elevated her commercial success.[14] Her R&B covers of Denise LaSalle's "Married But Not to Each Other" and Shirley Brown's "Woman to Woman"[17] made the American and Canadian country song top five in 1977.[16] "Woman to Woman" was also her first enter the Billboard Hot 100.[25] These recordings appeared on her sixth and seventh studio albums, which were also issued in 1977.[26][27]

Mandrell reached her commercial zenith in the late 1970s with songs about infidelity and cheating.[15][4][28] In 1978, "Sleeping Single in a Double Bed" was her first single to reach the number one spot on the Billboard and RPM country charts.[16][21] It was followed in 1979 by a cover of Luther Ingram's R&B hit "(If Loving You Is Wrong) I Don't Want to Be Right".[17] It also topped the North American country charts[15] and crossed over into the top 40 of the Billboard Hot 100 and Canadian pop songs chart.[29][25] On Billboard's adult contemporary survey, the single reached the top ten.[30] Both tracks appeared on Mandrell's top ten Billboard country album Moods (1978). Her 1979 album Just for the Record was also a top ten Billboard LP.[24] Just for the Record spawned the country–pop crossover singles "Fooled by a Feeling" and "Years".[25][30]

Now at her career peak, Mandrell became a headlining concert act.[31] Her concert productions included choreography, costume changes and featured Mandrell on multiple musical instruments.[32] One of her headlining performances was turned into a cable television special called The Lady Is a Champ.[33] She also appeared on national television programs[31] and won the Country Music Association's 1979 Female Vocalist of the Year accolade.[34] Between 1980 and 1982, she and her siblings co-hosted the NBC television series Barbara Mandrell & the Mandrell Sisters.[4] It helped Mandrell become the first performer to win back–to–back Entertainer of the Year awards from the Country Music Association in both 1980 and 1981.[34][32] Mandrell's recordings continued having commercial success too. She had top ten country singles with 1980's "Crackers" and "The Best of Strangers".[31] In 1982, MCA issued her first live album,[35] which charted the Billboard country albums top five[24] and certified gold in sales from the United States.[36] The disc included a track about staying close to country roots called "I Was Country When Country Wasn't Cool".[3] Released as a single, it was her fourth number one song on the Billboard country chart.[16]

Barbara Mandrell in the upper right corner of the picture. To her bottom and left are seven men.
Mandrell (upper right) on tour with her band, 1986.

Mandrell's commercial momentum continued through the early 1980s.[37] Her twelfth studio album ...In Black & White reached number seven on the country albums list. It was followed by her fourteenth studio record Spun Gold (1983), which climbed to number five on the same list.[24] Both discs spawned the number one singles "'Till You're Gone" and "One of a Kind Pair of Fools". Also included were the top ten recordings "Operator, Long Distance Please" and "In Times Like These".[16][21] Mandrell's 1984 album was also a top ten Billboard disc[24] and featured the top five singles "Only a Lonely Heart Knows" and "Happy Birthday Dear Heartache".[16] Mandrell's popularity allowed her to record an album of gospel music in 1982 titled He Set My Life to Music.[38] The project brought Mandrell her first Grammy awards.[39] She also collaborated on several duets with Lee Greenwood in 1984.[40] The duets were issued on their 1984 studio album Meant for Each Other,[41] which featured the top five country single "To Me".[16]

Despite her popularity and commercial appeal, Mandrell's early–1980s music received mixed reviews. Writer Kurt Wolff found that her 1980s recordings exemplified "a weak attempt to maintain her roots" featuring "garnish productions" that went "head-first into schmaltz".[3] In reviewing her 1983 album, critic Greg Adams commented, "Spun Gold contains some bizarre collisions of country music's traditional working-class perspective with disco-era glitz."[42] Meanwhile, writers Mary A. Bufwack and Robert K. Oermann described her early 1980s singles as "powerful heartache songs" whose themes centered around "enduring financial hardship" and "proud-to-be country anthem[s]".[37]

In late 1984, Mandrell and her children were involved in a car accident that halted her career for a year.[4][40] The accident made Mandrell reconsider her professional choices altogether.[37] "I never thought I would ever sing again or be Barbara Mandrell again, or any of that," she later told CNN.[43] She eventually returned to the recording studio in May 1985,[44] which resulted in the 1985 top ten country single "There's No Love in Tennessee". It appeared on Mandrell's Greatest Hits compilation, which was also issued in 1985.[45] She returned to the stage for the first time in 1986 at the Los Angeles Universal Amphitheatre, with Dolly Parton serving as her opening act.[37] Her next studio album Get to the Heart (1985)[46] spawned the top ten Billboard songs "Fast Lanes and Country Roads" and "Angel in Your Arms".[16] Her final album for MCA appeared in 1986 titled Moments.[47] It spawned the top ten country song "No One Mends a Broken Heart Like You".[21][16]

1987–1997: Later recordings, career slow–down and retirement[edit]

In 1987, Mandrell signed a new recording contract with EMI America. Her first album with the label was the studio offering Sure Feels Good (1987).[48] The disc reached number 24 on the Billboard country albums survey.[24] United Press International positively commented that, "Mandrell should be proud of this effort which should put her back on top of the charts."[48] Yet, of its three singles only "Child Support" reached the top 20 of the North American country charts.[16][21] Mandrell's future singles and albums reached progressively–lower chart positions as a new group of traditionally–oriented country artists began having more commercial success.[4][33] Yet, Mandrell continued touring and remained a popular concert attraction through the 1980s and 1990s.[45][33]

Mandrell signed with Capitol Records in late 1987.[37] Her first Capitol single was a cover of Ray Price's "I Wish I Could Fall in Love Today", which reached the top five of the American and Canadian singles charts.[16][21] It was included on her nineteenth studio disc I'll Be Your Jukebox Tonight (1988). The project featured a traditional country sound and included production credits for the first time from Fred Foster.[49] It also spawned the top 20 single "My Train of Thought" (1989) and the charting song "Mirror, Mirror". Both songs were her final singles to chart in the United States.[16] Mandrell remained with Capitol until 1991. Her next two Capitol discs were both issued in 1990: Morning Sun[50] and No Nonsense (distributed through Liberty).[51] For the latter album, Mandrell signed a commercial deal with the No Nonsense panty hose brand.[37] Her final Capitol–Liberty project was issued in 1991 called Key's in the Mailbox.[52] Mandrell's Capitol recordings found positive reviews from critics. Mary. A Bufwack and Robert K. Oermann found the songs to showcase "strong female lyrics",[37] while Bill Carpenter said her 1991 album exemplified "Heartful soul and contemporary country."[53]

Mandrell continued making live performance appearances on network television. She also remained a popular act on the Grand Ole Opry, including their televised portion of the program.[45] Mandrell also continued recording and releasing new material. In 1994, the New York label Direct Records released two albums of her music. The studio album projects were marketed exclusively through television and appeared on networks such as TNN.[54] That year, the label issued Acoustic Attitude, which was an album of re-recordings.[55] The label also issued an album of new material that year titled It Works for Me.[56] The album was reissued on Razor & Tie in 1997, which Mandrell temporarily signed a contract with that year.[57]

Also in 1997, Mandrell announced her retirement from touring, recording and performing. In an interview with Billboard, Mandrell explained that she chose to retire so she could focus on an full–time acting career. She gave her final musical performance in October 1997 at the Grand Ole Opry house. Her final concert was aired on network television.[58] Titled Barbara Mandrell and the Do-Rites: The Last Dance, premiered on TNN in late 1997.[8][5] After her retirement, Mandrell sold all of her musical instruments. She now spends time on her family and domestic responsibilities.[59]

Acting career[edit]

1978–1983: Early roles and television variety series[edit]

Mandrell began gaining regular exposure on national television programs.[31][60] Her television credits from this period included appearances on The Tonight Show, American Bandstand and Bob Hope entertainment specials.[14] Among the highlights was an appearance on a 1979 episode of The Rockford Files[61] and co-hosting the 1979 Academy of Country Music Awards.[31] In late 1979 she played herself in the holiday program Skinflint: A Christmas Carol alongside several other country artists of the era. The special was a southern American take on the original story of the same name. Fred Guida gave the program a negative review in his book A Christmas Carol and Its Adaptations: "Unfortunately, Skinflint fails to live up to its interesting premise, and the result is one of the lamest Carol variations to date."[62]

Mandrell was given multiple offers from the NBC network to host her own syndicated show. However, she routinely turned it down. One day, NBC producer Marty Krofft was shown a wallet-sized photograph of Mandrell and her sisters playing different musical instruments. This prompted Krofft to contact Mandrell about offering her a program that she could co–host with her sisters. From his encouragement, she eventually agreed to host a show on his network.[63] In 1980, she was signed by NBC to host a national television variety series. Titled Barbara Mandrell & the Mandrell Sisters, the show was hosted by Mandrell along with her two sisters Irlene and Louise.[31][32]

Mandrell learned choreography for the show and was routinely featured playing multiple musical instruments.[64] In addition, the Mandrell sisters performed a series of comedy sketches. In their book The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, authors Tim Brooks and Earle F. Marsh noted that Barbara often portrayed the "serious, pushy sister" while Irlene was portrayed as the "sexy, vain one".[65] Mandrell often had to push back against NBC executives who insisted that the show feature hay barrels and other features of traditional country-western shows. "They expect you to be barefoot and ignorant," Mandrell commented in 2003.[32] During its peak, it was estimated that the show attracted roughly 40 million viewers per week.[64] For her work, Mandrell was nominated for Best Actress in a Television Musical or Comedy Series by the Golden Globe Awards.[66]

Comedian Bob Hope in the center. Singer Barbara Mandrell is kissing his left cheek, while actress Brooke Shields is stroking his right cheek.
Mandrell continued entertaining into the late 1980s. Here, she appears with Bob Hope (center) and Brooke Shields (left) for a military engagement (1987).

Despite the NBC show's success, the constant workload (along with a focus on her music career) caused Mandrell to suffer from burnout.[67][28] She often had to take extra naps on her tour bus parked next to the television studio. She also had to take Cortisone shots before show tapings so that her vocal chords had less strain.[68] She was urged to quit the show by physicians who warned that she would ultimately suffer from permanent vocal damage.[32][68] In 1982, Mandrell announced the program would end after a two-year run on NBC.[65] "I'm the only person that I know of that has ever left a television series with a five year contract," she later commented.[32]

1984–2000: Later television roles[edit]

Mandrell continued acting following her show's cancellation. In 1984, Mandrell debuted in her first television film titled Burning Rage.[37] Mandrell played the main role of a geologist who investigates coal mining fires underneath a town in Tennessee.[69] Joe Brown of The Washington Post called the film, "an overheated title for what amounts to a lukewarm drama about a natural phenomenon and its effect on a small town." He concluded by commenting on Mandrell's acting performance: "As an actress, Mandrell is likable and natural, but she has little to do here but walk around looking concerned when she's not getting into tepid clinches with [Tom] Wopat".[70] Following her 1984 car accident, a television special of Mandrell's was aired on CBS titled Barbara Mandrell–Something Special.[45]

She also made appearances on talk shows and network programs during the late 1980s and early 1990s. She also was featured in several television commercials for food products.[45] In the early 1990s, she portrayed a character on the television show Empty Nest.[71] In 1994, Mandrell played a guest role in an episode of ABC's The Commish. The Baltimore Sun described her as playing "a less sympathetic role than usual" in their description of the episode.[72]

During the mid 1990s, Mandrell also played roles on the shows Touched by an Angel, Dr. Quinn Medicine Woman and Baywatch.[73] In 1997, Mandrell gave up her music career to focus on acting full-time.[33] She signed with the Creative Artists Agency, which helped her acquire more television roles. She appeared as a recurring character in the soap opera Sunset Beach.[58] In 1999, Mandrell played the mother of a deceased son who finds conflict with his "controlling girlfriend". Titled The Wrong Girl, the television filmed aired on NBC that year.[74] Among Mandrell's final acting credits was 2000's made for television film Stolen from the Heart.[75]

Artistry[edit]

Musicianship[edit]

In addition to singing, Mandrell is also known for playing multiple instruments.[4][76] In her teenage years, she was nicknamed "The Princess of Steel" for become a skillful steel guitar player.[1][77] In a 2006 interview with CMT, Mandrell explained that she is "proficient" on the steel guitar, alto saxophone, dobro, five-string banjo, and bass. She also said that she can play the guitar and mandolin "if necessary".[10] PBS described Mandrell as "a true prodigy" in reference to her musicianship.[1] News & Record found that Mandrell's musicianship can also be found in her live shows: "Those hours are packed with aerobics, as Mandrell dances and prances across the stage, playing several musical instruments and clowning with her Do-Rites band."[78] In reviewing a concert, The Morning Call explained, "No Mandrell show would be complete without a demonstration of the singer's musical virtuosity. Playing a mean saxophone and banjo during the course of the evening, Mandrell proved herself to be a talented musician."[79]

Musical styles[edit]

Mandrell's musical style embeds country music with country–pop,[4][1] R&B–soul,[80] and gospel.[38] Jason Ankeny of AllMusic found that the most popular era of her career (late 1970s and early 1980s) had a "glitzier, more pop-influenced" sound.[4] Kurt Wolff highlighted a similar theme in his book Country Music: The Rough Guide: "[Tom] Collins churned out frightfully slick and garnish productions, but Mandrell thrived in her new environment."[3] Hunter Kelly of Rolling Stone explained that when Mandrell began incorporating R&B sounds into her style that her career "really kicked into overdrive". Mandrell further explained her reasoning behind incorporating R&B: "To me, country music and R&B music have a lot of similarities, but the one thing that I think is the most important is both genres, just straight ahead, they’re telling you. They’re not making up a story just because it rhymes nicely."[80]

Barbara Mandrell, singing into a microphone while playing a banjo.
Mandrell was known for playing multiple musical instruments in her live shows. Here, she is seen playing the banjo, 1986.

Writers found that Mandrell had her greatest commercial success with songs that incorporated subjects of cheating. Mary A. Bufwack and Robert K. Oermann found this to be especially evident after she transitioned to her second record label: "Barbara continued to smolder in sin after moving to the ABC/MCA Records fold in 1975."[15] Kurt Wolff found a similar theme with cheating material: "The subjects of many of Mandrell's songs were also racy for the time, dealing openly with such topics as lust, sexual loneliness, and late night-night love trysts." Wolff further commented, "What's ironic about her subject matter is that Mandrell herself–a devout Christian, mother and wife– always maintained an impeccably clean, family–oriented profile."[3] "I've recorded a lot of cheating songs, but there were a lot of cheating songs I turned down. It depends on the lyrics...God loves prostitutes too," Mandrell further commented.[15]

Voice[edit]

Mandrell's singing voice has also been the subject of discussion amongst writers and critics. Mary Bufwack and Robert Oermann commented that her habit of smoking cigarettes made her voice stand out: "Barbara is a heavy smoker, and this gives her vocals a hoarse, urgent quality that she put to good use on 'blue-eyed soul' versions of R&B songs," they commented in 2003.[15] In 1982, The Washington Post highlighted Mandrell's singing in a review of her concert performance: "At other times the gritty edges of her husky voice crackled with R&B flourishes and gospel fervor. It was an impressive display."[63] In 1984, The Oklahoman commented on her live singing as well: "She can perform almost anything short of grand opera in fact, if she took a mind to, she probably could do that too (after all, Linda Ronstadt did!)."[81]

Legacy[edit]

Mandrell has been widely considered among country music's most successful artists and all–around entertainers.[82][1][4] "Perhaps the toughest soldier in the female army that invaded the country charts in the 1970s, Barbara could outwork, outperform, out-talk, and out-smile virtually anyone in show business," wrote Mary A. Bufwack and Robert K. Oermann.[83] Jason Ankeny of AllMusic commented in a similar fashion: "Thanks to a string of hit singles and a popular television variety series, vocalist Barbara Mandrell was arguably the biggest female star in country music in the late '70s and early '80s."[4] Paul Kingsbury, Michael McCall and John Rumble explained that Mandrell, "took her soul–country style to the biggest showrooms of Las Vegas, ruled the country charts during the late 1970s and early 1980s, starred on network TV, and told her story in one of country's best–selling autobiographies".[64]

Barbara Mandrell shaking hands with President Ronald Reagan.
President Ronald Reagan shakes hands with Mandrell at The White House, 1986.

Her influence on future artists has also shaped her legacy. Mandrell has been credited as an influence for Terri Clark,[84] Reba McEntire,[85] and Carly Pearce.[86] McEntire thanked Mandrell in 2009 and spoke about her influence: "I thank you for the things that you’ve taught me, not only musically, but spiritually...And I will always treasure our relationship with all my heart."[87] In 2006, several artists re-recorded several of Mandrell's most popular singles in tribute to her career. The project was titled She Was Country When Country Wasn't Cool: A Tribute to Barbara Mandrell. It featured of remakes of her songs performed by contemporary country performers such was Kenny Chesney, Sara Evans and LeAnn Rimes.[10]

Mandrell has been only one of a few women to win the Country Music Association's Entertainer of the Year award.[88] She was also the first individual to win the accolade in back to back years (1980 and 1981).[34][1] In 2005, she received the Triple Crown accolade from the Academy of Country Music for winning three major awards from the association. She is only one of several people to have since won the award.[89] In 2009, Mandrell was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum.[8] She was inducted that year along with Roy Clark and Charlie McCoy.[87] Her induction was celebrated that year at the Country Music Association Awards where Mandrell gave a speech to thank the industry.[90]

Mandrell's legacy was further cemented she released her 1990 autobiography called Get to the Heart: My Story (co-written with writer George Vecsey titled).[91] In 1997, the book was turned into a television movie titled Get to the Heart: The Barbara Mandrell Story. She was portrayed in the film by television actress Maureen McCormick. Mandrell briefly made a cameo appearance at the beginning and end of the film.[92]

In 2020, American disc jockey and producer Dave Audé partnered with Mandrell to remix her 1978 song "Sleeping Single in a Double Bed". Rolling Stone explained that the song was remixed as "the first step in a new effort to bring Barbara Mandrell’s music into the digital age."[80] It was followed by all of Mandrell's LP's being reissued to digital and streaming sites. Her original Columbia, ABC–Dot, MCA, and Capitol albums were all re–released through various digital platforms.[93]

In July 2022, Mandrell celebrated 50 years as a member of the Grand Ole Opry. Several Opry members and country artists performed on the stage to honor Mandrell's legacy. Among the artists who performed that night were Suzy Bogguss, Jeannie Seely and Carrie Underwood.[94]

Personal life[edit]

Marriage and family life[edit]

Mandrell has been married to former musician and Navy pilot Ken Dudney since 1967.[7][95] Dudney was originally hired as the drummer for Mandrell's family band.[7] The pair met when she was 14 and he was 21. Dudney was engaged to another woman at the time. However, he broke off the engagement after having feelings for Mandrell.[96] In 2003, Mandrell commented: "I'd dated him since I was 14 and I just couldn't wait to graduate high school so I could be Mrs. Ken Dudney."[97] The pair officially wed in 1967.[95] At the time of their marriage, Dudney gave up his career as a Navy pilot to help further his wife's career.[15] The couple later welcomed their first child Matthew in 1970, followed by daughter Jamie in 1976.[32] Mandrell gave birth in 1985 to a third child, Nathan.[98]

In 1988, Mandrell and her family built a log cabin mansion called the Fontanel Mansion.[99] The home consisted of six bedrooms, 13 bathrooms, two kitchens, five fire places and a helicopter landing pad. It has been considered to be the largest log cabin home in the world.[100][101] Mandrell sold the home in 2002 in order to downsize. The home was auctioned.[101] It has since been turned into a tourist attraction with a restaurant, a hotel, an outdoor music venue, and an indoor shooting range.[102][103] Her daughter, Jaime, was the human resources manager of the mansion until February 2017. She then began a new career with a company that works to place people with addiction issues into appropriate rehabilitation facilities.[102][104]

Car accident[edit]

A picture of a Jaguar XJ sedan, parked in front of a van
In 1984, Mandrell and her two children were struck head-on by an oncoming car in Nashville, Tennessee. At the time of the accident, Mandrell was driving a Jaguar XJ sedan.

In September 1984, Mandrell and her two children were involved in a head-on car collision near their Nashville home.[105] The driver of the other car in the accident (19-year-old college student Mark White) was killed instantly.[106] The police report stated that White's car had crossed the center line of the road, causing a head-on collision with Mandrell's Jaguar XJ.[37][107] Both of Mandrell's children only suffered minor injuries and were released from the hospital shortly following their arrival.[105] Mandrell herself suffered critical injuries from the accident.[105] These injuries included a broken femur, shattered ankle, injured knee and a concussion that left temporary brain damage.[37]

Mandrell's injuries from the accident resulted in her suffering from pain throughout her body for months.[37] Much of the physical pain she suffered came from knee injuries. "You can't say she's in terrible pain all the time if the pain she's in is the kind where she`s trying to exceed what that knee will do, trying to make it do its full thing again. Every day she's trying to make it exceed what it did the day before so she can finally get it back to full capacity," said father Irby Mandrell to the Chicago Tribune.[108]

Due to Mandrell's head injuries, she had a temporary shift in personality and experienced memory loss.[37] "I would refer to myself in the third person: 'That was her' or 'She did that' or 'You should have asked her. I can't do that'," she told The 700 Club.[109] Mandrell's injuries took over a year to fully recover.[33] In an interview with CMT, she explained that her head injury took about three years to fully recover. She also explained that she still suffers from pain in her ankle.[10] Mandrell credited wearing a seat belt to saving her and her children's lives.[110] She campaigned and filmed television commercials that advocated for the use of seat belts in cars.[111] She also campaigned for arthritis and organ donation.[37] She was also made the honorary chairman of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in 1985.[112]

Nearly a year later, Mandrell sued the White family for $10.3 million in damages. According to Tennessee state law, Mandrell was required to sue the family of the driver in order to collect from her own insurance company.[113][107] Her legal team contacted the White family in an effort to inform them that Mandrell did not want money from them but instead needed to do it for legal purposes. The lawsuit created controversy among Mandrell's fans. "I'm not blaming the public...I would have felt the way they felt," she commented in 1995.[114][113]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums

Awards and nominations[edit]

Barbara Mandrell has won many several awards for her work as an entertainer. This includes six accolades from the Academy of Country Music,[19] four from the Country Music Association[34] and two from the Grammy Awards.[39]

Filmography[edit]

List of television appearances by Barbara Mandrell, showing all relevant details
Title Year Role Notes Ref.
The Rockford Files 1979 Herself Season 6, episode 5; "Love Is the Word" [61]
Skinflint: A Country Christmas Carol 1979 Emmy Television movie [115]
Barbara Mandrell & the Mandrell Sisters 1980–1982 Herself 35 episodes
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy – Nominated
[65]
Barbara Mandrell: The Lady Is a Champ 1983 Herself Television special [116]
Burning Rage 1984 Kate Bishop Television movie [69]
The Statler Brothers Show 1991 Herself Season 1, episode 1 [117]
Empty Nest 1993 Ellen Season 5, episode 25; "Charley to the Rescue" [71]
The Commish 1994 Dr. Gloria Cutler Season 4 [72]
Touched by an Angel 1996–1998 Terri Hayman
Ada Dobbin
Season 2, episode 16; "Jacob's Ladder"
Season 4, episode 15; "Doodlebugs"
[118]
Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman 1996 Gilda St. Clair Season 5, episode 4; "All That Glitters..." [119]
Baywatch 1997 Cassie Cole Season 7 [120]
Diagnosis Murder Betty Manning Season 4, episode 18; "Murder, Country Style" [121]
Get to the Heart: The Barbara Mandrell Story Herself Television movie [92]
Sunset Beach 1997–1998 Alex Mitchum 36 episodes [122]
Love Boat: The Next Wave 1998 Andrea Season 2, episode 5; "All That Glitters" [123]
The Wrong Girl 1999 Angela Fischer Television movie [74]
Stolen from the Heart 2000 Ruth Wagner Television movie [75]
Walker, Texas Ranger Nicole Foley Season 8, episode 21; "Showdown at Casa Diable, Part 1" [124]

Books[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Burns, Ken. "Barbara Mandrell Biography". PBS. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  2. ^ "Barbara Mandrell chart history (Country Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Wolff 2000, p. 443.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Ankeny, Jason. "Barbara Mandrell: Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  5. ^ a b c "Barbara Mandrell – Age, songs, & husband – Biography". Biography. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  6. ^ a b c McConnico, Patricia (October 1999). "Barbara Mandrell Barbara Mandrell's Corpus Christi harmonies". Texas Monthly. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h Bufwack & Oermann 2003, p. 339.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Oermann, Robert K. "Barbara Mandrell: Artist Bio". Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  9. ^ a b c Stambler & Landon 2000, p. 379.
  10. ^ a b c d e "20 Questions With Barbara Mandrell". Country Music Television. October 18, 2006. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  11. ^ Snapp, Lauryn. "Barbara Mandrell Remembers Having Slumber Parties With Patsy Cline". iHeartRadio. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  12. ^ a b c Stambler & Landon 2000, p. 279-280.
  13. ^ "2018 Miss Oceanside Scholarship Pageant-April 14". Oside News. 3 April 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Stambler & Landon 2000, p. 280.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Bufwack & Oermann 2003, p. 340.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Whitburn, Joel (2008). Hot Country Songs 1944 to 2008. Record Research, Inc. ISBN 978-0-89820-177-2.
  17. ^ a b c Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 250.
  18. ^ Mandrell, Barbara (October 4, 1971). "Treat Him Right (LP Liner Notes and Album Information)". Columbia Records. 30967.
  19. ^ a b "Academy of Country Music (Barbara Mandrell)". ACM Country. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
  20. ^ "Barbara Mandrell". Grand Ole Opry. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g "Search results for "Barbara Mandrell" under Country Songs". RPM. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  22. ^ Adams, Greg. "Super Hits: Barbara Mandrell: Songs, reviews, credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  23. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "This Time I Almost Made It: Barbara Mandrell: Songs, reviews, credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  24. ^ a b c d e f "Barbara Mandrell chart history (Country Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  25. ^ a b c "Barbara Mandrell chart history (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  26. ^ Mandrell, Barbara (1977). "Lovers, Friends and Strangers (LP Album Information)". ABC Records/Dot Records. 673.
  27. ^ Mandrell, Barbara (1977). "Lovers, Friends and Strangers (LP Album Information)". ABC Records. 2098.
  28. ^ a b Wolff 2000, p. 442-443.
  29. ^ "Search results for "Barbara Mandrell" under Top Singles". RPM. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  30. ^ a b "Barbara Mandrell chart history (Adult Contemporary songs)". Billboard. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  31. ^ a b c d e f Stambler & Landon 2000, p. 280-281.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g Bufwack & Oermann 2003, p. 341.
  33. ^ a b c d e Wolff 2000, p. 444.
  34. ^ a b c d "CMA Awards Past Winners & Nominees (Barbara Mandrell)". CMA Awards. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
  35. ^ Mandrell, Barbara (1981). "Barbara Mandrell Live (Cassette Liner Notes and Album Information)". MCA Records. MCAC-1697.
  36. ^ "Barbara Mandrell Live Gold & Platinum". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Bufwack & Oermann 2003, p. 342.
  38. ^ a b ""He Set My Life to Music": Barbara Mandrell's First Gospel Album". Billboard. October 2, 1982. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  39. ^ a b "Barbara Mandrell - Artist - GRAMMYs". GRAMMY. November 23, 2020. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
  40. ^ a b Stambler & Landon 2000, p. 281.
  41. ^ Greenwood, Lee; Mandrell, Barbara (1984). "Meant for Each Other (CD Information)". MCA Records. MCAD-31231.
  42. ^ Adams, Greg. "Spun Gold: Barbara Mandrell: Songs, reviews, credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  43. ^ "Encore Presentation: Country Music Superstars". CNN. December 31, 2005. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  44. ^ Beck, Marilyn (May 25, 1985). "BARBARBA MANDRELL IS BACK RECORDING". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  45. ^ a b c d e Stambler & Landon 2000, p. 282.
  46. ^ Mandrell, Barbara (1985). "Get to the Heart (LP Album Information)". MCA Records. 5619.
  47. ^ Mandrell, Barbara (1986). "Moments (LP Album Information)". MCA Records. 5769.
  48. ^ a b "On the Record". United Press International. September 4, 1987. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  49. ^ Mandrell, Barbara (1988). "I'll Be Your Jukebox Tonight (CD Liner Notes and Information)". Capitol Records. 90416.
  50. ^ Mandrell, Barbara (1990). "Morning Sun (CD Liner Notes and Information)". Capitol Records. C2-91977.
  51. ^ Mandrell, Barbara (1990). "No Nonsense (CD Liner Notes and Information)". Liberty Records. 94426.
  52. ^ Mandrell, Barbara (1991). "Key's in the Mailbox (CD Liner Notes and Information)". Liberty Records. C2-96794.
  53. ^ Carpenter, Bill. "Key's in the Mailbox: Barbara Mandrell". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  54. ^ Morris, Edward (April 16, 1994). "Nashville Scene". Billboard. p. 38. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  55. ^ Mandrell, Barbara (1994). "Acoustic Attitude (CD Liner Notes and Album Information)". Direct Records. DRD-002.
  56. ^ Mandrell, Barbara (1994). "It Works for Me (CD Liner Notes and Album Information)". Direct Records. DRD-004.
  57. ^ Mandrell, Barbara (1997). "It Works for Me (CD Liner Notes and Album Information)". Razor & Tie. RT-2828-2.
  58. ^ a b Flippo, Chet (October 25, 1997). "Mandrell Readies Her 'Last Dance'". Billboard. p. 1. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  59. ^ Dukes, Billy. "The Secret History of Why Barbara Mandrell Seemingly Vanished". Taste of Country. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  60. ^ Bufwack & Oermann 2003, p. 341-343.
  61. ^ a b Erickson, Hal. "The Rockford Files: Love Is the Word: Synoposis". AllMovie. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  62. ^ Guida, Fred (2006). A Christmas Carol and Its Adaptations A Critical Examination of Dickens's Story and Its Productions on Screen and Television. McFarland, Incorporated Publishers. p. 205. ISBN 9780786428403.
  63. ^ a b Harrington, Richard (August 13, 1982). "Barbara Mandrell". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  64. ^ a b c Kingsbury, Paul; McCall, Michael; Rumble, John (1998). The Encyclopedia of Country Music The Ultimate Guide to the Music. Oxford University Press. p. 324. ISBN 9780199770557.
  65. ^ a b c Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle F. (2009). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946-Present. Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 9780307483201.
  66. ^ "Barbara Mandrell: Golden Globes". Golden Globe Awards. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  67. ^ Bufwack & Oermann 2003, p. 339-341.
  68. ^ a b Schmitt, Brad. "Barbara Mandrell, her sisters to reunite for fur babies". The Tennessean. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  69. ^ a b "Burning Rage (1984)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  70. ^ Brown, Joe (September 21, 1984). "'Rage': Coal-Fired Clinker". The Washington Post. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  71. ^ a b "Empty Nest: Golden Globes". Golden Globe Awards. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  72. ^ a b Bianculli, David (November 12, 1994). "R.E.M. on 'SNL': reason to lose sleep". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  73. ^ "GOODBYE, MUSIC....HELLO, ACTING". Sun-Sentinel. October 25, 1997. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  74. ^ a b Marill, Alvin H. (2005). Movies Made for Television, 1964-2004: 1990-1999. Scarecrow Press. p. 580. ISBN 978-0810851740.
  75. ^ a b "Stolen from the Heart (2000)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  76. ^ Wolff 2000, p. 442-444.
  77. ^ Wolff 2000, p. 442.
  78. ^ "BARBARA MANDRELL KICKS UP HER HEELS". News & Record. June 10, 1995. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  79. ^ Longsdorf, Amy (December 12, 1987). "BARBARA MANDRELL NEEDS TO SHED FLASH AND FOCUS ON POWERFUL VOICE CONCERT REVIEW". The Morning Call. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  80. ^ a b c Kelly, Hunter (May 27, 2020). "How Barbara Mandrell's 1978 Hit 'Sleeping Single in a Double Bed' Got a Dance Remix". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  81. ^ Hammett, Kate. "Mandrell concert awesome". The Oklahoman. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  82. ^ Bufwack & Oermann 2003, p. 338-341.
  83. ^ Bufwack & Oermann 2003, p. 338.
  84. ^ Bonaguro, Alyssa (October 8, 2020). "Terri Clark Gets an Old-School Thank You Note from Barbara Mandrell". Country Music Television. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  85. ^ Thompson, Gayle. "Reba McEntire Reflects on the Inspiration of Loretta Lynn, Dolly Parton and Others". popculture. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  86. ^ Black, Lauren Jo. "Carly Pearce Shares Songs That Inspired 'Next Girl' In Exclusive Playlist Takeover". Country Now. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  87. ^ a b Morris, Edward (May 18, 2009). "Barbara Mandrell, Roy Clark, Charlie McCoy Join Country Music Hall of Fame". Country Music Television. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  88. ^ Vinson, Christina. "Every CMA Awards Entertainer of the Year Winner Ever". The Boot. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  89. ^ Betts, Stephen L. (August 10, 2016). "Luke Bryan, Maren Morris to Perform at 2016 ACM Honors". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  90. ^ Shelburne, Craig (November 17, 2009). "Barbara Mandrell Praises Contemporary Country Music". Country Music Television. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  91. ^ a b Hurst, Jack (September 28, 1990). "BARBARA MANDRELL'S LIFE: TRANSFORMED BY NEAR-DEATH". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  92. ^ a b Patterson, Jim (September 26, 1997). "Barbara Mandrell bets her career on television". Associated Press. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  93. ^ Hollabaugh, Lorie (June 1, 2020). "Barbara Mandrell Releases New Remix, Vinyl Album Collection". Music Row. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  94. ^ Goldstein, Tiffany (August 1, 2022). "Carrie Underwood Helps Barbara Mandrell Celebrate Her 50th Grand Ole Opry Anniversary". Country Music Television. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
  95. ^ a b Willistein, Paul (August 31, 1984). "Barbara Mandrell just wasn't cut out to be in the audience". The Morning Call. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  96. ^ Falk, Fredrik. "Barbara Mandrell met her husband when she was just 14: Now shares the secret to their happy and lasting relationship". Newsner. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  97. ^ Bufwack & Oermann 2003, p. 339-340.
  98. ^ "Mandrell's 3rd Child Is a Boy". Los Angeles Times. September 6, 1985. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  99. ^ Kazek, Kelly. "Barbara Mandrell's former log mansion is now one of the area's biggest tourist draws". Its a Southern Thing. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  100. ^ Sheckler Finch, Jackie (April 16, 2011). "Travel: A visit to the largest log cabin in the world". Daily Journal. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  101. ^ a b "Barbara Mandrell's Quaint Log Cabin". Forbes. May 17, 2002. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  102. ^ a b Stivender, Knight (September 16, 2012). "Behind the scenes at Fontanel: Barbara Mandrell's former home finds new groove as entertainment mecca". The Tennessean. Retrieved September 3, 2015.[dead link]
  103. ^ Duke, Jan. "Fontanel Mansion: Exploring the Fontanel Mansion & Farm". About.com. Archived from the original on September 7, 2015. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
  104. ^ "Let's Catch Up: July 26, 2017". barbara-mandrell.com. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
  105. ^ a b c "Barbara Mandrell, 35, Singer, Injured in Fatal 2-Car Crash". The New York Times. September 12, 1984. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  106. ^ Mandrell, Barbara. "Mandrell Injured in Auto Accident". NY Times. Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
  107. ^ a b Lewis, Jim (14 September 1985). "Lawsuit puts Mandrell in hot water with fans". UPI. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  108. ^ Hurst, Jack (January 6, 1985). "MANDRELL'S HEALING FINE, BUT THANKS TO DAD, SHE'S STILL HIGH PROFILE". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  109. ^ Wilcox, Cheryl. "Barbara Mandrell: Sweetness Through Suffering". The 700 Club. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  110. ^ Egler, Daniel; Franklin, Tim (May 6, 1985). "MANDRELL TO SING OUT SUPPORT FOR BELT LAW". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  111. ^ Wilker, Deborah (February 22, 1991). "TURNING POINT BARBARA MANDRELL HAS SURVIVED TRAGEDY TO COME BACK A STRONGER PERSON, SHE SAYS". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  112. ^ Gayoso, Jay (November 24, 1985). "NATIONAL CAMPAIGN PUSHES SEAT-BELT USE". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  113. ^ a b "Names in the News". Associated Press. September 14, 1985. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  114. ^ Hurst, Jack (July 27, 1995). "REHABBED CAREER". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  115. ^ Terrace, Vincent (2013). Television Specials 5,336 Entertainment Programs, 1936-2012, 2d Ed. McFarland, Inc. Publishers. p. 336. ISBN 978-0786474448.
  116. ^ Terrace, Vincent (1985). Encyclopedia of Television Series, Pilots and Specials. New York Zoetrope. p. 31. ISBN 978-0918432612.
  117. ^ King, Susan (1991). "DON REID: Giving Nashville Variety". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  118. ^ "Putting the final touches on this 'Angel'-ic CBS series". The Oklahoman. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  119. ^ "Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman (All That Glitters, 1996)". AllMovie. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  120. ^ Hurst, Jack (November 15, 1996). "WHAT'S UP WITH BARBARA AND ALL OF THOSE LITTLE MANDRELLS?". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  121. ^ "BBC One: Diagnosis Murder". BBC One. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  122. ^ "Entertainment Notes". Tulsa World. March 11, 1997. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  123. ^ Leszczak, Bob (2018). Single Season Sitcoms of the 1990s A Complete Guide. McFarland, Inc. Publishers. p. 273. ISBN 978-1476631981.
  124. ^ Carter, Brook. "What Happened to Barbara Mandrell? – 2018 Update". Gazette Review. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  125. ^ Mandrell, Barbara; Vecsey, George (1990). Get to the Heart: My Story. New York, NY: Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0553292435.

Books[edit]

External links[edit]