Barbara Milano Keenan
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit|
March 9, 2010
|Appointed by||Barack Obama|
|Preceded by||Emory Widener|
|Justice of the Supreme Court of Virginia|
July 2, 1991 – March 9, 2010
|Preceded by||Charles S. Russell|
|Succeeded by||William C. Mims|
|Judge of the Virginia Court of Appeals|
|Preceded by||None (position created)|
|Born||1950 (age 64–65)
|Alma mater||Cornell University
George Washington University
University of Virginia
Barbara Milano Keenan (born 1950) is a judge on United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and a former justice on the Supreme Court of Virginia.
Early life and education
Keenan was born in Vienna, Austria, where her father, a highly decorated World War II veteran, was serving as chief of intelligence operations after the war. She was raised in Northern Virginia. Keenan received her bachelor's degree from Cornell University in 1971 and her law degree from George Washington University Law School in 1974. She also earned a master of law degree from the University of Virginia School of Law in 1992.
From 1974 to 1976, Keenan was an assistant commonwealth's attorney for Fairfax County, Virginia, before entering private practice, first as a solo practitioner and then as partner in the firm Keenan, Ardis and Roehrenbeck. In 1980, she was made a judge of the General District Court of Fairfax County, and two years later became the first woman to be elected to a Circuit Court judgeship by the Virginia General Assembly. In 1985, she was elected as one of the first ten judges of the newly created Court of Appeals of Virginia, making her the first woman to serve as a state appellate court judge in Virginia. Keenan holds the distinction of being the only woman to have served on all levels of the Virginia court system. In 2011, she wrote the foreword to the first volume of Jurist Prudent, the collected opinions of her former Supreme Court of Virginia colleague Sr. Justice Lawrence L. Koontz, Jr.
Service on the Supreme Court of Virginia
Justice Keenan holds the distinction of being the first Virginia jurist to have served at every level of Virginia's judicial system (District, Circuit, Court of Appeals, and Supreme Court). Sr. Justice Lawrence L. Koontz, Jr., and Justice Leroy F. Millette, Jr., have also served at every level of the state's court system. She joins Judge G. Steven Agee of that court as the second Virginia Supreme Court Justice (and former Virginia Court of Appeals judge) to advance to the federal appellate bench in recent times.
Federal judicial service
In 2009 Justice Keenan asked to be considered for a seat on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. The Virginia Bar Association included her name on the list of candidates it submitted to Virginia's two senators on February 24, 2009. On June 2, 2009, Virginia's senators recommended that President Barack Obama nominate her to the Fourth Circuit. On September 14, 2009, Obama formally nominated Keenan to the Fourth Circuit, and the Senate Judiciary Committee backed her nomination.
On February 26, 2010, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid filed for cloture on Keenan's nomination. The Senate voted 99–0 for cloture on the nomination on March 2, 2010. The Senate then voted 99–0 to confirm Keenan on March 2, 2010. She received her commission on March 9, 2010.
- Tom Jackman, Va. Judge Nominated For Appeals Court The Washington Post (September 15, 2009).
- President Obama Nominates Justice Barbara Milano Keenan for United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, whitehouse.gov (September 14, 2009).
- "Judge Milano Keenan Nominee to the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals" (PDF). Retrieved August 27, 2010.
- Lawrence L. Koontz, Jr. (2011), Jurist Prudent -- The Judicial Opinions of Lawrence L. Koontz, Jr., Volume 1, Salem, Virginia, USA: Salem/Roanoke County Bar Association
- Alan Cooper, Senators recommend Justice Keenan, The VLW Blog (June 2, 2009).
- David Ingram, 4th Circuit Nominee Gets Committee Backing, The Blog of Legal Times (October 29, 2009).
- U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 111th Congress - 2nd Session, Vote Number 29: Motion to Invoke Cloture on the Nomination of Barbara Milano Keenan, senate.gov (March 2, 2010).
- U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 111th Congress - 2nd Session, Vote Number 30: Confirmation Barbara Milano Keenan, senate.gov (March 2, 2010).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barbara Milano Keenan.|
- Barbara Milano Keenan at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
|Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Virginia
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit