Dame Barbara Mary Stocking
|Alma mater||New Hall, Cambridge|
|Known for||Former chief executive of Oxfam, Britain|
Early life and education
Stocking was born in Rugby, Warwickshire to Methodist parents, her mother a homemaker and her father a postman. She attended Rugby High School for Girls, where she was Head Girl and New Hall, Cambridge, in 1969, graduating with a degree in Pharmacology. She was the first in her family to go to university.
Health care systems
On graduating from Cambridge, Stocking briefly contemplated a career in science before taking a job as secretary to a committee at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, where she familiarized herself with the Veterans Health Administration hospital system.
In the 1990s, she was posted in the NHS administrative system, taking up the position of chief executive of the Regional Health Authority of Oxford. In 1994, she was promoted to the position of NHS regional director for Anglia and Oxfordshire. There were eight NHS regional directors in total after a re-organization that, by April 1996, abolished six management outposts and fourteen regional health-authorities.
In late 2000, Stocking applied for the NHS top position. In October 2000, Nigel Crisp was nominated Chief Executive of the NHS, and Stocking director of the NHS Modernisation Agency, the body tasked with rolling out the NHS reforms. In December 2000, she announced she would leave the public sector to join non-governmental, charity organization Oxfam.
Stocking, during her tenure, built Oxfam's relationships with major, international, private corporations such as Unilever, Monsoon, Sysco, and others, on "many diverse projects," while also Oxfam grew to become one of Britain's biggest retailers with more than 700 shops and, through its secondhand book outlets, the charity stood among Europe's biggest book retailers. In 2009, Oxfam's shops made a profit of about £20m on £80m of revenue, with the charity posting a record total revenue of £318m.
In a 2010 interview, she stated: "Times have changed, and Oxfam is moving with the times. It took a while for many in the organisation to understand what is happening but since the late 1990s we have seen quite different relationships develop with private business."
In 2011, Oxfam launched a campaign for "food justice in a resource-constrained world." Stocking stated that the organization's focus would be also on helping small land-holders and nomadic tribes to establish their land rights against richer nations "such as China and the Gulf States gobbling up land in Africa."
During Stocking's tenure there, Oxfam faced many humanitarian crises, such as those caused by the conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq as well as by natural disasters such as the South-Asian tsunami and the Pakistan earthquake.
Allegations of Oxfam staff misconduct in Haiti
In February 2018, an investigation by the Times reported that, during Stocking's tenure, Oxfam allowed three men to resign and sacked four others for "gross misconduct" after an inquiry concerning sexual exploitation, the downloading of pornography, bullying, and intimidation by Oxfam's staff in Haiti. The Times stated that an internal, confidential report was produced by Oxfam in 2011. It found that there had been “a culture of impunity” among some staff in Haiti and concluded that "it cannot be ruled out that any of the prostitutes were under-aged." Among the staff who were permitted by Oxfam's leadership to resign without further actions taken against them was the charity's country director, Roland van Hauwermeiren. According to Oxfam's internal report, van Hauwermeiren admitted using prostitutes at a villa whose rent was paid with Oxfam funds means for charity. Stocking, Oxfam's CEO at the time, offered Hauwermeiren “a phased and dignified exit” invoking her concern that sacking him risked “potentially serious implications for the charity’s work and reputation."
When the allegations became public in 2018, Stocking stated that her biggest work mistake had been “Not getting rid of people soon enough." Murray Edwards College issued a statement disputing the allegation that Stocking was involved in a "cover up" and affirming that she has the "College’s full support". Stocking postponed a planned February 2018 visit to the Cambridge Union in light of the 'considerable media attention' surrounding her involvement with Oxfam.
Following the resignation of Penny Lawrence, Oxfam's deputy chief executive, Robert Halfon, Conservative MP and Chairman of the Education Select Committee, accused Stocking of trying to “escape responsibility for the Haiti prostitution scandal." Halfon criticized the former Oxfam head who, he stated, had behaved “outrageously” in allowing senior aid workers to "resign quietly from the charity."
Murray Edwards College, Cambridge
In 2010, Stocking's alma mater, Murray Edwards College, Cambridge, formerly known as New Hall, a women-only constituent college of the University of Cambridge, named her an Honorary Fellow. In March 2013, Stocking was elected President of the College, assuming her duties in July 2013.
In October 2017, Stocking announced that Murray Edwards would be changing its admissions policy to allow it to accept transgender students who identify as female. Stocking stated that the college is "open to all outstanding young women" and "so it is absolutely right, both legally and within [the college's] set of values, for anyone who identifies as female to be able to apply to study [in it]."
Awards and appointments
In March 2015, Stocking was appointed Chair of an Independent Panel to assess the World Health Organization's response in the Ebola outbreak. In 2016, she was appointed Chair of Trustees of the independent charity organization, A Blueprint for Better Business.
- "Barbara Stocking". The Guardian. November 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- Pithers, Ellie (23 May 2014). "The world of Dame Barbara Stocking, former Oxfam CEO". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- Old Girls Society, Rugby High School for Girls website
- Jacobs, Emma (17 February 2013). "A mild-mannered toughie". The Financial Times.
- "Seven NHS regional directors appointed", The BMJ Clinical Research, 308(6932):860 · March 1994, DOI: 10.1136/bmj.308.6932.860; archived at Research Gate
- Ricketts, Andy. "Oxfam chief executive Dame Barbara Stocking to step down in February", Third Sector, 4 September 2012
- "Charity scoop: NHS loses top woman to Oxfam" by Patrick Butler, The Guardian, 20 December 2000
- "Top woman manager quits NHS" by Patrick Butler, The Guardian, 15 December 2000
- "Dame Barbara Stocking steps down from Oxfam role". BBC News. 4 September 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- "'Since I was 18, I have wanted to save the world' " by Margareta Pagano, The Independent, 8 November 2010
- Barbara Stocking, CEO, Oxfam, Warwick Economics Summit, February 2018
- O’Neill, Sean (9 February 2018). "Oxfam in Haiti: It was like a Caligula orgy with prostitutes in Oxfam T-shirts". The Times.
- Chief Reporter, Sean O’Neill (9 February 2018). "Minister orders Oxfam to hand over files on Haiti prostitute scandal". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "Oxfam sex scandal: boss was ‘let off the hook for sake of Haiti mission’" by Billy Kenber, The Times, 10 February 2018
- "Murray Edwards defends president Barbara Stocking over Oxfam cover-up allegations". Varsity Online. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
- Lodhia, Devarshi (12 February 2018). "Stocking cancels Union visit in wake of senior Oxfam resignation". Varsity Online. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
- "Oxfam sex scandal: Former chief executive ‘is ducking responsibility'" by Nicola Woolcock, The Times, 15 February 2018
- "Dame Barbara Stocking DBE elected as fifth President". Murray Edwards College. 18 March 2013. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016.
- Weaver, Matthew (4 October 2017). "Women-only Cambridge college to allow students who 'identify as female'". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
- "Voluntary sector represented in Queen's Birthday Honours" by Emma Maier, Third Sector, 16 June 2008
- "Dame Barbara Stocking". Murray Edwards College, University of Cambridge. 14 September 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
- "Dame Barbara Stocking named Chair of Trustees" by Bex Dawkes, A Blueprint for Better Business website, 6 July 2016
- Media related to Barbara Stocking at Wikimedia Commons
- Stocking's evidence to the House of Commons Select Committee report on Sexual exploitation and abuse in the aid sector, 2018
| President of Murray Edwards College, Cambridge