Barbari bread

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Barbari bread
Iranian Bread 1.JPG
Alternative namesIranian flatbread
Place of origin Iran
Region or stateKhorasan
Main ingredientsFlour
Baker baking Barbari bread in a traditional oven

Barbari bread (Persian: نان بربری‎, translit. nān-e barbari) is a type of Iranian flatbread. It is one of the thickest flat breads. It is widely known as Persian flatbread in United States and Canada.[1][2]

Etymology[edit]

Barbari is an obsolete Iranian term for the Hazara people living in Khorasan. Barbari bread was first baked by Hazaras and taken to Tehran, becoming popular during the Qajar dynasty. Hazaras are no longer called barbari (i.e. barbarians), but the bread is still referred to as nan-e barbari in Iran while Hazaras refer to it as nan-e tanoori (tandoor oven bread).[3]

Manufacture and style[edit]

The bread is usually 70 cm to 80 in long, and 25 cm to 30 cm wide.[4] It is the most common style baked in Iran. It is served in many restaurants with Lighvan cheese, an ewes' milk cheese similar to feta cheese.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ram, Sewa (2009). Cereals: Processing and Nutritional Quality. New India Publishing. p. 27. ISBN 978-9-380-23507-3.
  2. ^ "Nan-e Barbari". Reform Judaism. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  3. ^ "Khomeini's Death Anniversary Sparks Intense Controversy in Kabul". hazara.net. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  4. ^ Qarooni, Jalal (2012). Flat Bread Technology. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 75. ISBN 978-1-461-31175-1.
  5. ^ "Persian Nan o Paneer (Bread with Cheese)". Reform Judaism. Retrieved 1 January 2016.