Barbary partridge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Barbary partridge
Alectoris barbara Tenerife.jpg
Alectoris barbara
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Genus: Alectoris
Species:
A. barbara
Binomial name
Alectoris barbara
(Bonnaterre, 1791)

The Barbary partridge (Alectoris barbara), is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds Native to North Africa.

Distribution[edit]

This partridge has its main native range in North Africa, and is also native to Gibraltar[2] and the Canary Islands (Alectoris barbara ssp. koenigi).[3] It has been introduced to Portugal and Madeira, though there are no recent records of this species on the latter islands. It is also present in Sardinia.

Description[edit]

The Barbary partridge is a rotund bird, with a grey-brown back, grey breast and buff belly. The face is light grey with a broad reddish-brown gorget. It has rufous-streaked white flanks and red legs. When disturbed, it prefers to run rather than fly, but if necessary it flies a short distance on rounded wings.

It is closely related to its western European equivalent, the red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa). It is similar to the red-legged partridge, but it has a different head and neck pattern. The song is a noisy tre-tre-tre-tre-tre-cheeche-tre-tre-tre.

Breeding[edit]

Eggs of Alectoris barbara - MHNT

This 33–36 cm bird is a resident breeder in dry, open and often hilly country. It nests in a scantily lined ground scrape laying 10-16 eggs. The Barbary partridge takes a wide variety of seeds and some insect food.

The Barbary partridge is the national bird of Gibraltar.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Alectoris barbara". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ "The Gibraltar Bird List: Bird species observed in or from the territory of Gibraltar". Gibraltar Ornithological & Natural History Society. Archived from the original on 3 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
  3. ^ (in Spanish) Martín P., Cardona A., Avifauna Canaria II, Aves de las Zonas Bajas p 55
  4. ^ "Gibraltar's Culture and Customs". Retrieved 3 August 2011.

External links[edit]