Barbaza, Antique

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Barbaza
Municipality
Map of Antique with Barbaza highlighted
Location within Antique province
Barbaza is located in Philippines
Barbaza
Barbaza
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°13′N 122°03′E / 11.22°N 122.05°E / 11.22; 122.05Coordinates: 11°13′N 122°03′E / 11.22°N 122.05°E / 11.22; 122.05
Country Philippines
Region Western Visayas (Region VI)
Province Antique
District Lone district
Barangays 39 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Gerry Condes Necor
Area[2]
 • Total 154.36 km2 (59.60 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 22,704
 • Density 150/km2 (380/sq mi)
 • Voter(2016)[4] 14,409
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 5706
IDD:area code +63 (0)36
Income class 4th class
PSGC 060602000
Website elgu.ncc.gov.ph/ecommunity/barbaza-antique/

Barbaza, officially the Municipality of Barbaza (Karay-a: Banwa kang Barbaza; Hiligaynon: Banwa sang Barbaza; Filipino: Bayan ng Barbaza), is a municipality in the central province of Antique in the Western Visayas (Region VI) of the Philippines. With a total land area of 154.36 Sq.km ( 59.60 sq.mi ). The population was 22,704 at the 2015 census.[3] Making thirteen most populous town in Antique. In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 14,409 registered voters.[4]

Major sources of income of the people are derived from agriculture, fishing, trade and commerce, employment and remittances from abroad.[5] About 94% of the total population have access to potable water. Five health centers serve 39 barangays. There is a 10-bed capacity government hospital manned by 27 health personnel.

Transportation services are generally provided by tricycles, jeepneys, vans and buses. There are also daily buses available going back and forth to Manila that pass by Barbaza via the roll-on/roll-off nautical highway. It is 62 kilometres (39 mi) from the provincial capital, San Jose de Buenavista.

History[edit]

Long after the discovery of the Philippines by the Spaniards led by Ferdinand Magellan on March 16, 1521, there was already an established settlement in a place presumably now Barangay Esparar. In later years however, the Moros from Palawan and Mindoro started coming to raid and plunder the inhabitants, and often abducted beautiful maidens and men to be made slaves. Because of fear, the inhabitants moved to a much safer place, in a narrow strip of land at the foot of Mount Dumangsal. The site of the new settlement up to this day is called Igtara. The population rapidly increased. When the Moros stopped coming, they decided to move down to a much wider plain. The settlement started to flourish and later a church and a town hall were built out of bamboo and cogon grass. Today, it is where Barangay Binanu-an stands. Binanu-an means “Ginbanwahan or Binanwahan”.[5]

The formation of a formal government which was headed either by a Teniente or a Captain, started at Binanu-an. The settlement in Binanu-an lasted so long until sometime in the 17th century when the inhabitants, again, found a much better place to live in because it is nearer to the sea which yields fish in abundance. They decided to transfer from Binanu-an to the seashore by the bank of the once deep river called Nalupa. The new settlement was named Nalupa Nuevo. Permanent structures like a church and a Municipal Hall were built.[5]

Unfortunately, sometime in the 18th century the settlement suffered another drawback. Dalanas River, one of the bigger rivers in Antique, used to overflow during heavy rains causing destruction to properties and lives of people living near the area. Alarmed by the situation affecting the settlement at Nalupa Nuevo, the Spanish Governor Enrique Barboza ordered to transfer the people to another site called Otngol which was at that time, part of what is now the town of Laua-an.[5]

During the transfer of the settlement from Nalupa to Otngol the Municipal Government was already run by a Capitan. The first Capitan was ('Tan) Julian Flores. He was later succeeded by ('Tan) Roman Francisco, then by Capitan Justiniano Ogatis-Barrientos. It was during his administration sometime in 1886 when he worked out for the separation of the town from the Municipality of Laua-an. The town's name was changed to Barboza in honor of Spanish Governor Enrique Barboza of Antique. The spelling was later changed to Barbaza because of the difficulty in pronouncing the former name. To this day the town is officially named the Municipality of Barbaza.[5]

Geography[edit]

Barbaza is located at 11°13′N 122°03′E / 11.22°N 122.05°E / 11.22; 122.05.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 154.36 square kilometres (59.60 sq mi)[2] constituting 5.66% of the 2,729.17-square-kilometre- (1,053.74 sq mi) total area of Antique.

Located at the central portion of Antique, Barbaza is 62 kilometres (39 mi) north from the provincial capital. It has a coastline of 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) along the Sulu Sea. Barbaza has two major rivers, Dalanas river, is the longest and the largest river in Barbaza with a total length of 32 kilometres (19.8 miles) long, the Drainage basin of Dalanas river covered 280 sq.km (108sq.mi). Binangbang River,is Barbaza second longest river. Barbaza has many waterfalls, the Macalbag falls, in mablad, Cadiao falls, in cadiao, Lumbuyan falls in lumbuyan, San Ramon falls, in San Ramon, Marigne falls, in Marigne.

Barangays[edit]

Barbaza is politically subdivided into 39 barangays.[6] It is composed of 22 upland and l7 lowland barangays where upland area accounts for 88.43% of the total land area.

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[7]
060602002 Baghari 1.3% 286 271 1.03%
060602003 Bahuyan 3.4% 773 1,025 −5.23%
060602004 Beri 3.9% 889 704 4.54%
060602005 Biga-a 1.1% 244 294 −3.49%
060602006 Binangbang 0.9% 201 211 −0.92%
060602007 Binangbang Centro 3.7% 829 750 1.93%
060602008 Binanu-an 2.0% 451 396 2.51%
060602009 Cadiao 0.8% 184 252 −5.81%
060602010 Calapadan 0.6% 125 122 0.46%
060602011 Capoyuan 8.9% 2,026 2,016 0.09%
060602012 Cubay 3.5% 792 777 0.36%
060602018 Embrangga-an 1.5% 341 282 3.68%
060602013 Esparar 4.7% 1,076 1,054 0.39%
060602014 Gua 5.8% 1,309 1,231 1.18%
060602015 Idao 1.1% 242 174 6.48%
060602016 Igpalge 4.3% 978 943 0.70%
060602017 Igtunarum 0.6% 131 127 0.59%
060602019 Integasan 0.5% 114 106 1.40%
060602020 Ipil 4.4% 1,002 935 1.33%
060602021 Jinalinan 7.3% 1,661 1,033 9.46%
060602022 Lanas 0.6% 129 104 4.19%
060602023 Langcaon (Evelio Javier) 0.8% 184 198 −1.39%
060602024 Lisub 3.4% 764 570 5.74%
060602025 Lombuyan 3.1% 706 669 1.03%
060602026 Mablad 2.7% 609 552 1.89%
060602027 Magtulis 2.1% 477 403 3.26%
060602028 Marigne 0.9% 203 236 −2.83%
060602029 Mayabay 1.2% 274 219 4.36%
060602030 Mayos 1.0% 219 210 0.80%
060602031 Nalusdan 0.9% 197 860 −24.47%
060602032 Narirong 0.9% 215 202 1.19%
060602033 Palma 6.2% 1,417 1,392 0.34%
060602034 Poblacion 6.3% 1,428 1,369 0.81%
060602035 San Antonio 3.0% 677 657 0.57%
060602036 San Ramon 0.7% 167 180 −1.42%
060602037 Soligao 1.2% 277 231 3.52%
060602038 Tabongtabong 2.0% 465 447 0.75%
060602039 Tig-Alaran 0.5% 121 118 0.48%
060602040 Yapo 2.3% 521 455 2.61%
Total 22,704 21,775 0.80%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Barbaza
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 5,929 —    
1918 7,576 +1.65%
1939 8,224 +0.39%
1948 11,225 +3.52%
1960 10,222 −0.78%
1970 12,812 +2.28%
1975 13,404 +0.91%
1980 14,703 +1.87%
1990 14,984 +0.19%
1995 17,313 +2.74%
2000 18,597 +1.55%
2007 20,709 +1.49%
2010 21,775 +1.84%
2015 22,704 +0.80%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7][8][9]

In the 2015 census, Barbaza had a population of 22,704.[3] The population density was 150 inhabitants per square kilometre (390/sq mi).

In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 14,409 registered voters.[4]

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • The Batabat and Punta Coral Reefs — features spectacular diversities of tropical fishes and distinct coral formations in vibrant colors.
  • Mount Nangtud — considered the second highest peak in Panay island.
  • Camp Eupre Forest and Orchard Resort
  • Macalbag Waterfalls — 50-ft waterfalls with unchartered caves.
  • Barbaza Catholic Church — considered as the most modernly designed church in the province of Antique[citation needed]

Festivals[edit]

Barbaza celebrates the annual Batabat Festival, held every 3rd week of March. The feast of Saint Anthony of Padua is celebrated every 13 June.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Antique". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Barbaza". Official Antique Website. Retrieved 9 February 2013. [permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Municipal: Barbaza, Antique". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  8. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  9. ^ "Province of Antique". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.