Barber County, Kansas

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Barber County, Kansas
County
Map of Kansas highlighting Barber County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Thomas W. Barber
Seat Medicine Lodge
Largest city Medicine Lodge
Area
 • Total 1,136 sq mi (2,942 km2)
 • Land 1,134 sq mi (2,937 km2)
 • Water 2.1 sq mi (5 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 4,688
 • Density 4.3/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website barber.ks.gov

Barber County (county code BA) is a county located in the south-central portion of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 4,861.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Medicine Lodge.[2] It was named for Thomas Barber, an abolitionist who was killed in Douglas County in 1855 during the Wakarusa War.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,136 square miles (2,940 km2), of which 1,134 square miles (2,940 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Sources: National Atlas,[5] U.S. Census Bureau[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 2,661
1890 7,973 199.6%
1900 6,594 −17.3%
1910 9,916 50.4%
1920 9,739 −1.8%
1930 10,178 4.5%
1940 9,073 −10.9%
1950 8,521 −6.1%
1960 8,713 2.3%
1970 7,016 −19.5%
1980 6,548 −6.7%
1990 5,874 −10.3%
2000 5,307 −9.7%
2010 4,861 −8.4%
Est. 2016 4,688 [7] −3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[1]

As of the 2000 census,[12] there were 5,307 people, 2,235 households, and 1,510 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 2,740 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.06% White, 0.38% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.89% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.02% of the population.

There were 2,235 households out of which 28.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 29.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 21.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,407, and the median income for a family was $40,234. Males had a median income of $29,806 versus $20,046 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,627. About 7.50% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.60% of those under age 18 and 4.90% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 82.2% 1,850 12.7% 286 5.2% 116
2012 76.6% 1,772 20.8% 482 2.6% 60
2008 74.5% 1,833 24.3% 598 1.3% 31
2004 74.2% 1,782 24.5% 588 1.4% 33
2000 70.3% 1,755 25.5% 637 4.2% 106
1996 62.2% 1,696 26.8% 730 11.1% 303
1992 42.5% 1,225 26.4% 759 31.1% 897
1988 56.9% 1,539 41.3% 1,118 1.8% 49
1984 71.8% 2,112 27.4% 806 0.8% 22
1980 62.5% 1,872 30.5% 914 7.0% 208
1976 50.4% 1,568 48.1% 1,494 1.5% 47
1972 74.3% 2,308 23.4% 727 2.4% 73
1968 60.6% 2,023 30.7% 1,027 8.7% 291
1964 48.5% 1,758 50.9% 1,845 0.6% 21
1960 66.5% 2,703 33.1% 1,347 0.4% 16
1956 68.3% 2,698 31.4% 1,241 0.3% 10
1952 74.1% 3,071 24.8% 1,028 1.1% 46
1948 50.9% 2,013 47.8% 1,891 1.2% 49
1944 58.3% 2,140 40.9% 1,501 0.8% 31
1940 52.8% 2,389 45.9% 2,074 1.3% 58
1936 39.4% 1,816 60.2% 2,774 0.4% 18
1932 40.9% 1,671 56.8% 2,321 2.4% 96
1928 76.4% 2,984 22.3% 871 1.3% 49
1924 58.3% 2,218 23.9% 909 17.9% 681
1920 66.5% 2,400 30.4% 1,098 3.2% 114
1916 41.0% 1,632 51.7% 2,061 7.3% 290
1912 12.7% 295 38.1% 883 49.2% 1,139
1908 53.7% 1,097 42.3% 864 4.0% 81
1904 58.3% 967 34.1% 566 7.6% 126
1900 51.2% 862 46.5% 783 2.4% 40
1896 44.5% 597 54.3% 729 1.3% 17
1892 37.8% 883 62.2% 1,456
1888 48.8% 977 35.5% 710 15.7% 315

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Barber County has remained a prohibition, or "dry", county.[14]

Economy[edit]

RSI Corporation

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Barber County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

  • Forest City
  • Lasswell
  • Mingona
  • Pixley

Townships[edit]

Barber County is divided into eighteen townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Aetna 00400 3 0 (0) 318 (123) 0 (0) 0.13% 37°5′37″N 98°56′43″W / 37.09361°N 98.94528°W / 37.09361; -98.94528
Deerhead 17300 11 0 (0) 165 (64) 0 (0) 0.07% 37°13′59″N 98°58′3″W / 37.23306°N 98.96750°W / 37.23306; -98.96750
Eagle 19150 42 0 (0) 290 (112) 0 (0) 0.04% 37°10′13″N 98°46′22″W / 37.17028°N 98.77278°W / 37.17028; -98.77278
Elm Mills 20800 106 1 (2) 155 (60) 1 (0) 0.35% 37°25′37″N 98°38′45″W / 37.42694°N 98.64583°W / 37.42694; -98.64583
Elwood 20925 Hardtner 275 1 (3) 260 (100) 0 (0) 0.18% 37°2′30″N 98°40′35″W / 37.04167°N 98.67639°W / 37.04167; -98.67639
Hazelton 31175 Hazelton 213 1 (3) 189 (73) 1 (0) 0.33% 37°6′7″N 98°24′1″W / 37.10194°N 98.40028°W / 37.10194; -98.40028
Kiowa 37150 Kiowa 1,164 9 (24) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.31% 37°1′3″N 98°29′19″W / 37.01750°N 98.48861°W / 37.01750; -98.48861
Lake City 37900 83 1 (2) 109 (42) 0 (0) 0.20% 37°21′11″N 98°49′2″W / 37.35306°N 98.81722°W / 37.35306; -98.81722
McAdoo 43550 29 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.36% 37°26′16″N 98°49′31″W / 37.43778°N 98.82528°W / 37.43778; -98.82528
Medicine Lodge 45525 Medicine Lodge 2,573 8 (22) 309 (119) 1 (0) 0.33% 37°17′17″N 98°34′5″W / 37.28806°N 98.56806°W / 37.28806; -98.56806
Mingona 47050 57 0 (1) 139 (54) 0 (0) 0.10% 37°17′39″N 98°40′37″W / 37.29417°N 98.67694°W / 37.29417; -98.67694
Moore 48075 32 0 (1) 119 (46) 0 (0) 0.24% 37°4′9″N 98°32′59″W / 37.06917°N 98.54972°W / 37.06917; -98.54972
Nippawalla 50775 26 0 (0) 140 (54) 0 (0) 0.26% 37°9′56″N 98°32′5″W / 37.16556°N 98.53472°W / 37.16556; -98.53472
Ridge (defunct, merged with Sharon) 59775 4 0 (0) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 37°22′37″N 98°25′7″W / 37.37694°N 98.41861°W / 37.37694; -98.41861
Sharon 64350 Sharon 369 4 (10) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.04% 37°14′56″N 98°24′32″W / 37.24889°N 98.40889°W / 37.24889; -98.40889
Sun City 69300 Sun City 100 1 (2) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.09% 37°22′39″N 98°55′13″W / 37.37750°N 98.92028°W / 37.37750; -98.92028
Turkey Creek 71675 37 0 (1) 123 (47) 0 (0) 0.12% 37°26′6″N 98°55′0″W / 37.43500°N 98.91667°W / 37.43500; -98.91667
Valley 72750 Isabel 183 2 (5) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 37°26′6″N 98°31′44″W / 37.43500°N 98.52889°W / 37.43500; -98.52889
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-06-06. Retrieved 2014-06-04. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ National Atlas Archived December 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  14. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Maps

Coordinates: 37°14′N 98°41′W / 37.233°N 98.683°W / 37.233; -98.683