Barbican tube station

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Barbican London Underground
Barbican tube station MMB 02.jpg
View of Barbican station platforms, with the Barbican Estate towers in the background
Barbican is located in Central London
Barbican
Barbican
Location of Barbican in Central London
Location Barbican
Local authority City of London
Managed by London Underground
Station code ZBB
Number of platforms 4 (2 in use)
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2011 Increase 9.23 million[1]
2012 Increase 9.85 million[1]
2013 Increase 10.46 million[1]
2014 Increase 11.44 million[1]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2006–07  0.045 million[2]
2007–08 Increase 0.052 million[2]
2008–09 Decrease 0 (closed) million[2]
Key dates
23 December 1865 (23 December 1865) Opened as Aldersgate Street[3][4]
1 November 1910 Renamed Aldersgate[3][4]
24 October 1924 Renamed as Aldersgate & Barbican[3][4]
1 December 1968 Renamed Barbican[3][4][5]
1976 Services from Great Northern line via Widened Lines ceased
1982 Electrified services from Bedford commenced
2009 Thameslink services ceased
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
London Transport portal
UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°31′13″N 0°05′52″W / 51.5202°N 0.0977°W / 51.5202; -0.0977

Barbican is a London Underground station in the City of London, known by various names since its opening in 1865. It takes its current name from the nearby Barbican Estate and Barbican Centre.

The station is served by the Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines, and is situated between Farringdon and Moorgate stations, in Travelcard Zone 1.[6] Until 2009, Barbican was additionally served by Thameslink services to and from Moorgate.

Location[edit]

Barbican station lies in an east-west-aligned trench with cut-and-cover tunnels at either end.[7] The modern entrance gives access from Aldersgate Street, through a 1990s building,[8] to a much older footbridge leading to the eastern end of the platforms.[note 1] To the north of the station are the rears of buildings that face onto Charterhouse Street, Charterhouse Square and Carthusian Street.[7] To the south are the rears of buildings that face onto Long Lane, and to the west is Hayne Street.[7] The station is close to the Barbican Estate, Barbican Centre, City of London School for Girls, St Bartholomew-the-Great, and Smithfield.[7]

History[edit]

The station was opened with the name Aldersgate Street[3] on 23 December 1865[4] on the Moorgate extension from Farringdon.[9] The station's name was shortened to Aldersgate on 1 November 1910[3][4] and it was renamed again on 24 October 1924 as Aldersgate & Barbican.[3][4] On 1 December 1968 the station's name was simplified to Barbican.[3][4][5]

Train services were disrupted during the Second World War when the station suffered severe bomb damage in the Blitz, particularly in December 1940.[10] This led to the removal of the upper floors,[8] and in 1955 the remainder of the street-level building was also demolished.[11]

The Thameslink lines on the south side of the station are no longer in use. The signal box seen here (R) will be demolished as part of the Crossrail redevelopment.

Increasing traffic by other companies, including goods traffic, led to the track between King's Cross and Moorgate being widened to four tracks in 1868; the route was called the 'City Widened Lines'. Suburban services from the Midland Railway ran via Kentish Town and the Great Northern Railway ran via Kings Cross. British Rail services to Moorgate were initially steam operated before being converted to Cravens-built diesel multiple units and British Rail Class 31 locomotives class hauling non-corridor stock which remained in operation until the mid-1970s.

Passenger trains from the Great Northern line, via the York Road and Hotel curves at King's Cross to the Widened Lines, ran until the Great Northern's electrification on 1976. The City Widened Lines were renamed the Moorgate line[12] when overhead electrification was installed in 1982, allowing the Midland City Line service to run from Bedford via the Midland Main Line to Moorgate on the Thameslink service. The Thameslink platforms at Barbican were closed again in March 2009 as part of the Thameslink Programme to allow Farringdon to have its mainline platforms extended across Thameslink's Moorgate branch.[9][13] As a result, Barbican is no longer a multimodal station.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

On 16 December 1866 three passengers were killed, a guard was seriously injured and one other person suffered shock when a girder collapsed onto a passenger train in the station.[14]

Station building[edit]

The station replaced an earlier building at 134 Aldersgate Street, which for many years had a sign claiming "This was Shakespeare's House".[15] Although the building was very close to the nearby Fortune Playhouse, there is no documentary evidence that Shakespeare lived there; a subsidy roll from 1598 shows a "William Shakespeare" as the owner of the property, but there is nothing to indicate that it is the playwright.[citation needed] The station has no surface building.[16]

The station today[edit]

The cut-and-cover nature of the station can be seen by the steep walls and surrounding buildings

The station is mostly open to the elements,[8] though there are some short canopies. The remains of the supporting structure for a glass canopy over all four platforms (removed in the 1950s[8] ) may still clearly be seen. At the west end of the central island platform is a disused signal box.[8][17] Also from this end of the platforms may be seen the beginnings of the complex of tunnels leading under Smithfield meat market.[17] Livestock for the market was at one time delivered by rail and there was a substantial goods yard under the site of the market.[18][19]

Platform 1 is the most northerly, serving eastbound London Underground services.[20][21] Platforms 2 and 3 form an island platform, with platform 2 serving westbound services.[20][21] Platforms 3 and 4 are out of use.[8] A display on the history of the station, including text and photographs, is just inside the barriers, on the southern side of the main entrance corridor.[citation needed]

Services and connections[edit]

Circle line[edit]

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:

Hammersmith & City line[edit]

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:

Metropolitan line[edit]

The typical off-peak services in trains per hour (tph) are:

Connections[edit]

London Buses routes 4; 56; 56; 100; 153 and 243, and night routes N35 and N55 serve the station.[26] Furthermore, bus route 243 provides a 24-hour bus service.[26]

Future development[edit]

When Crossrail is completed, Farringdon's eastern ticket hall will be just to the west of Barbican station, and an interchange will be built here.[27] This will involve significant changes at the western end of the station, including the demolition of the former signal box[8] and the provision of a new footbridge spanning the tracks.[28] Work is anticipated to be completed in 2018.[29]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Aldersgate Street is where the station has always stood. The street itself took its name from Aldersgate, a gate in the old London Wall.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. June 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Butt (1995), page 14
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Hywel, Williams (2004). "Renamed Stations". Underground History. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  5. ^ a b Butt (1995), page 26
  6. ^ Transport for London (May 2015). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Barbican Tube Station". Google Maps. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "Barbican". Metropolitan. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c d Feather, Clive. "Hammersmith & City line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 8 April 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2015. 
  10. ^ "Air raid damage on Aldersgate Street". London Transport Museum. 1 January 1941. Archived from the original on 28 April 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2015. 
  11. ^ "The Underground at War". Nick Cooper. 2010. Archived from the original on 28 April 2015. 
  12. ^ Network Rail (April 2001). South Zone Sectional Appendix. Module SO. p. SO280 1/119. SO/SA/001A.  (Retrieved 2011-12-10)
  13. ^ "Thameslink Programme - FAQ". First Capital Connect. Archived from the original on 6 February 2009. 
  14. ^ "Accident Returns: Extract for the Accident at Aldersgate Street on 19th December 1866". 11 January 1867. Archived from the original on 28 April 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2015. 
  15. ^ Winter, William (1910). Seeing Europe with Famous Authors: Literary Shrines of London. London: Moffat, Yard & Co. Archived from the original on 28 April 2015. 
  16. ^ "Tube Stations that have no surface buildings". Tube Facts and Figures. Geofftech. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  17. ^ a b diamond, geezer (8 June 2013). "Barbican". flickr. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015.  "The disused signal box, the tunnels beneath Smithfield, and the future Crossrail entrance."
  18. ^ Ian, Mansfield (25 May 2012). "Photos – The railway tunnels underneath Smithfield Meat Market". Subterranean Stuff, Transport Issues. IanVisits. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  19. ^ Lemmo (25 June 2012). "Fulsome Farringdon: Part 1". London Terminals. London Reconnections. Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  20. ^ a b c d Feather, Clive. "Circle line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f Feather, Clive. "Metropolitan line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  22. ^ "Circle line timetable: From Barbican Underground Station to Moorgate Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  23. ^ "Circle line timetable: From Barbican Underground Station to Farringdon Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  24. ^ "Hammersmith & City line timetable: From Barbican Underground Station to Moorgate Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  25. ^ "Hammersmith & City line timetable: From Barbican Underground Station to Farringdon Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  26. ^ a b "Buses from Barbican" (PDF). Transport for London. 22 July 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 April 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2015. 
  27. ^ "Crossrail - Farringdon (1)". Crossrail. February 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 December 2009. 
  28. ^ "Crossrail Context Report: City of London" (PDF). Crossrail. [dead link]
  29. ^ "Stations — Farringdon". Crossrail Construction Programme. Crossrail. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199. 
  • Jowett, Alan (March 1989). Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0086-1. OCLC 22311137. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Hammersmith
Circle line
towards Edgware Road (via Aldgate)
Hammersmith & City line
towards Barking
Metropolitan line
towards Aldgate
  Disused Railways  
Farringdon   First Capital Connect
Thameslink
Peak hours only
  Moorgate
  Historic Railways  
Farringdon   Great Northern Railway
Widened Lines
  Moorgate