Barbodes gonionotus (Bleeker, 1850)
The Java barb (Barbonymus gonionotus; Thai: ปลาตะเพียน Pla taphian; Lao Pa keng; Khmer: ត្រីឆ្ពិន Trey Chpin; Indonesian: Tawes), more commonly known as silver barb in aquaculture, is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Barbonymus.
The silver barb it is one of the five most important aquacultured freshwater species in Thailand. The silver barb is a short-cycle species that, like tilapia, can be farmed with low technology and relatively less effort than other species, being thus popular as a farmed fish in Bangladesh, where it is known as Thai sharputi.
In fish farms, silver barbs rarely exceed 40 cm in length and 1.50 kg in weight. However, a 2.80 kg specimen was caught in the Teak Tree Lake in Thailand and the rod & reel record with a weight of 13 kg and a length of 90 cm was caught in Malaysia.
It is an important food fish in Thai, Lao and Cambodian cuisine. In Laos it is commonly used as an ingredient for lap pa. In Thailand it is usually either pickled as pla som (ปลาส้ม) or boiled in tom yam.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Barbonymus gonionotus" in FishBase. April 2006 version.
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