|• Mayor (2005–2020)||Christian Noizet|
|Area1||11.32 km2 (4.37 sq mi)|
|• Density||33/km2 (86/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||08048 /08300|
|Elevation||66–142 m (217–466 ft)
(avg. 73 m or 240 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barbyons or Barbyonnes.
The commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.
Barby is located immediately north-west of Rethel and immediately south-east of Château-Porcien. Access to the commune is by the D926 road from Rethel which passes through the heart of the commune and the village before continuing north-west to Château-Porcien. The D946 from Rethel passes through the north of the commune as it goes north-west to Seraincourt. The commune is entirely farmland.
The Aisne river passes through the south-east of the commune forming a small part of the south-eastern border as it flows west to eventually join the Oise at Compiègne. The Vaux river flows south, forming the western border of the commune, to join the Aisne just outside the south-western tip of the commune. The Ruisseau de Bourgeron flows from the north-east through the commune and the village and joins the Aisne on the southern border. The Canal des Ardennes is parallel to and south of the Aisne and forms a small portion of the southern border of the commune.
July and August are very hot and dry with temperatures up to 38 °C. Even so, rainfall is more frequent in summer, but the winters are shorter and less severe. The cold weather lasts only from October to March which favours corn crops and especially Kitchen gardens.
The village of Gerson was located on the current territory of the commune in the Middle Ages but is now gone. It was at Gerson that Jean Charlier de Gerson, Chancellor of the University of Paris (nicknamed Doctor Christianissimus), was born in 1363. A Wayside cross marks the place which traditionally is his birthplace. The commune named the Rue Gerson after him and the parish built a monument in the church during its construction in 1880 or 1881.
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 375 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Barby is a rural commune characterised by agriculture. The wheat harvest wheat is a highlight of life in the commune.
Sites and Monuments
- The Church of Saint John the Baptist dates from 1880. The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
- A Baptismal font (15th century)
- 2 Statues: Virgin of Pity and Saints John the Baptist and John the Evangelist (15th century)
- A Painting: The beheading of Saint John the Baptist (15th century)
- An Altar and Retable (15th century)
- A Statue: Saint Barbe (16th century)
- A Statue: Saint John the Baptist (17th century)
- A Statue: Saint Hubert (17th century)
- A Funeral Plaque for Elisabeth la Chardenière, mother of Jean Gerson (16th century)
- La Crauye, a chalk quarry north of the village.
- Les Bœufs Blancs (The White Oxen), a beach on the Aisne.
- Jean Charlier de Gerson (1363-1429), Chancellor of the University of Paris.
- Gérard Tène (or Thène), a labourer at Barby in 1644 and his son, Joseph Taine - also a labourer at Barby, were the ancestors of Hippolyte Taine.
- Eugène Marquigny, a Jesuit and writer born in 1836 at Barby.
- Guy Féquant, writer, born in 1949 at Barby
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Barby on Lion1906
- Inhabitants of Ardennes (French)
- Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom website Archived December 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (French)
- Barby on Google Maps
- Barby on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Barby on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Barby on the 1790 Cassini Map
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000058 Baptismal font (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000057 2 Statues: Virgin of Pity and Saints John the Baptist and John the Evangelist (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000056 Painting: The beheading of Saint John the Baptist (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000055 Altar and Retable (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000054 Statue: Saint Barbe (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000053 Statue: Saint John the Baptist (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000052 Statue: Saint Hubert (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000051 Funeral Plaque for Elisabeth la Chardenière, mother of Jean Gerson (French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barby, Ardennes.|