Barby war memorial, with
St Mary's parish church behind
|Population||2,336 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||84 miles (135 km) via M1 motorway junction 18|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Website||Barby & Onley Parish Council|
Barby is a village and civil parish about 5 miles (8 km) north of Daventry in Northamptonshire, England. The 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 2,336. Barby is located right off the M45 motorway a short spur from the M1 motorway to the A45 Trunk Road.
To the northwest and southwest the parish boundary forms part of the county boundary with Warwickshire, and the village is only about 4 miles (6.4 km) southeast of Rugby. Rains Brook, a tributary of the River Leam, forms the parish and county boundary northwest of the village.
North of the village is a Norman motte and earthworks but no bailey. It is called Barby Castle but is really the site of an early fortified manor house. The abandoned village of Onley is in the north-west of the parish.
The oldest part of the Church of England parish church of St Mary is a Saxon window west of the south doorway. The windows in the north wall of the chancel were inserted about 1300, which is when the west tower was built. The church is a Grade II* listed building.
The tower has a ring of five bells. The third bell was cast at Leicester in about 1599. Hugh II Watts, who had foundries at Leicester and Bedford, cast the second bell in 1622. Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast the treble bell in about 1871. John Taylor & Co of Loughborough cast the fourth and tenor bells in 1922. At the same time Taylor's also cast the sanctus bell.
The Oxford Canal was dug through the parish in the early 1770s, passing about 1+1⁄2 miles (2.4 km) west of the village. In 1774 it opened from Bedworth in Warwickshire as far south as Napton-on-the-Hill. The nearest wharf was outside Willoughby, about 2 miles (3 km) southwest of Barby. The canal reached Oxford at the end of 1789.
The Great Central Main Line from Nottingham Victoria to London Marylebone was built through the west of the parish in the 1890s and opened in 1899. Its nearest railway station was at Willoughby Wharf. The railway station was renamed twice, the second time in 1938 when the London and North Eastern Railway renamed it Braunston and Willoughby.
British Railways closed Braunston and Willoughby railway station in 1957. The M45 motorway was built through the parish in the late 1950s and opened in 1959, passing about 1⁄2 mile (800 m) north of the village. In 1963 The Reshaping of British Railways report recommended that British Railways close the railway, which it did in 1966.
Barby Cricket Ground is in Longdown Lane opposite the windmill. The club plays in the Warwickshire League and has men's, women's and junior sides.
- "Area: Barby (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Pevsner & Cherry 1973, p. 101.
- RCHME 1981, pp. 12–14.
- Pevsner & Cherry 1973, pp. 100–101.
- Historic England. "Church of St Mary (Grade II*) (1226297)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Dawson, George (6 October 2013). "Barby S Mary or Church Barby". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council of Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Archbishops' Council (2015). "Benefice of Barby with Kilsby". A Church Near You. Church of England. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Historic England. "Barby Corn Mill (Grade II) (1040046)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Barby C of E Primary School
- "Daventry • Middlemore • Kilsby • DIRFT • Hillmorton • Rugby • Coton Park 10". Stagecoach in Warwickshire. Archived from the original (pdf) on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- "Barby Twinning Association". Barby and Onley Parish Council. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1973) . Northamptonshire. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071022-1.
- RCHME, ed. (1981). An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the County of Northamptonshire. Vol. 3, Archaeological Sites in North-West Northamptonshire. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. pp. 12–14.