Barcarena, Pará

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Barcarena
Municipality
Flag of Barcarena
Flag
Official seal of Barcarena
Seal
Location in Pará
Location in Pará
Barcarena is located in Brazil
Barcarena
Barcarena
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 01°30′21″S 48°37′33″W / 1.50583°S 48.62583°W / -1.50583; -48.62583Coordinates: 01°30′21″S 48°37′33″W / 1.50583°S 48.62583°W / -1.50583; -48.62583
Country Brazil
RegionNorthern
StatePará
MesoregionBelém
MicroregionBelém
Cont. inhabitedPrior to Portuguese rule[1]
Freguesia1758
Incorporated (municipality)May 10, 1897 [1]
Government
 • MayorAntônio Carlos Vilaça
Area
 • Total1,310.588 km2 (506.021 sq mi)
Elevation
15 m (49 ft)
Population
(2017)[3]
 • Total121,190
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
CEP postal code
68445-000
Area code91
Websitebarcarena.pa.gov.br

Barcarena is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Pará adjacent the Tocantins River. It has a population of 102,015 and is part of the Belém metropolitan area.[4] The city's economy relies largely on agriculture and bauxite. There are also facilities for pig iron nearby.[5] They city and port is developing as a major transshipping port that takes goods for international export linked by rail from nearby inland ports, from all over Brazil, speeding up shipment and reducing time and costs as opposed to traditional megaports in the Southeast.

History[edit]

The town was originally inhabited by the Aruá Indians. In 1709 Jesuits came.

Shipping accident 2015[edit]

On October 6, 2015 the livestock vessel "MV Haidar" capsized in the Vila do Conde port due to an unsuccessful turning maneuver. It had 4,900 live cattle and almost 700 metric tonnes of oil on board.[6][7] 4,400 cattle drowned while locked in the ship's cargo area. About 500 animals could free themselves, but only about 100 survived the accident. Fuel and oil seeped from the wreck into the water and contaminated the Pará river and surrounding beaches, which deprived many local fisher families of their livelihood.[8] Since the removal of the oil slick proved to be complicated, and no consensus regarding responsibility and suitable cleanup efforts could be reached, hundreds of carcasses rotted at the beach and inside the shipwreck for months – a huge burden on the fishery and tourism of the region. The competent Federal Ministry estimated the damage to the residents to be 71 million reais (about 21 million US$). By July 2016 nothing had been paid out yet.[9][10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Barcarena - Pará - PA" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  2. ^ "Área dos municípios" [Area of Municipalities] (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  3. ^ "Estimativas da população residente no Brasil e unidades da Federação com data de referência em 1 de Julho de 2017" [Estimation of resident population in Brazil and in the Federation States with reference date of July 1st, 2017] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). 2017-07-01. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  4. ^ Rainforest Cities By John O. Browder, Brian
  5. ^ http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3MKT/is_24-1_112/ai_n6106309
  6. ^ - 4,400 Dead Cows Are Decomposing in a Sunken Ship in a Brazilian River on MotherJones.com
  7. ^ - MPF convoca audiência com famílias afetadas por naufrágio em Barcarena on Globo.com (Portuguese)
  8. ^ - Update: Local residents and authorities angry after sinking of cattle carrier Haidar in Barcarena, Brazil on Vesselfinder.com
  9. ^ - Após 6 meses de naufrágio, navio e bois ainda estão submersos no PA (Portuguese) on Globo.com
  10. ^ - MPF convoca audiência com famílias afetadas por naufrágio em Barcarena on Globo.com (portuguese)
  11. ^ - Afetados pelo naufrágio em Barcarena (PA) decidem que debate sobre indenização deve continuar on Mpf.mp.br (Portuguese)