Barcelona (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Barcelona
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Barcelona).png
Location of Barcelona within Spain.
Province Province of Barcelona
Autonomous community Catalonia
Population 5,523,922 (2016)
Electorate 4,131,319 (2016)
Major settlements Barcelona, Hospitalet de Llobregat, Badalona, Terrassa, Sabadell, Mataró, Santa Coloma de Gramanet
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 33 (1977–1986)
32 (1989–1993)
31 (1996–)

Barcelona is one of the 52 electoral districts (Spanish: circunscripciones) used for the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

As of 2015 it is the second most populated of all the 52 districts. Due to its large seat apportionment, it is one of the few districts (aside from Madrid) where the 3% threshold is effectively applied. In most other districts, the application of the d'Hondt method introduces a de facto threshold at the constituency level.

The most-populated municipalities are Barcelona with over 1,500,000 inhabitants, Hospitalet de Llobregat, Badalona, Terrassa, and Sabadell with over 200,000, and Mataró and Santa Coloma de Gramanet with over 100,000.

Overview[edit]

Boundaries and electoral system[edit]

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Barcelona and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" i.e. for "none of the above" can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

Eligibility[edit]

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[1]

Number of members[edit]

In the general elections of 1977, 1979, 1982 and 1986 Barcelona returned 33 members. That figure was reduced to 32 members for the 1989 General Election. It lost a further seat in the 1990s and from the 1996 election onwards has elected 31 members.

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[2] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this law has been to overrepresent smaller provinces at the expense of larger provinces like Barcelona.

In 2004 for example Spain had 34,571,831 voters giving an average of 98,777 voters per deputy.[3] In Barcelona however the number of voters per deputy was 129,269 - the highest ratio of all 52 constituencies. In contrast the ratio was only 38,714 and 26,177 respectively in the smaller provinces of Teruel [4] and Soria.[5]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Barcelona 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
7 1 11 6 2 5 1
1st 1979
7 1 12 6 6 1
2nd 1982
1 1 18 8 5
3rd 1986
1 16 1 11 4
4th 1989
3 14 1 11 3
5th 1993
3 1 12 10 6
6th 1996
2 1 13 9 6
7th 2000
1 1 12 9 8
8th 2004
2 4 14 6 5
9th 2008
1 2 16 6 6
10th 2011
3 2 10 9 7
11th 2015
9 5 5 4 4 4
12th 2016
9 5 5 4 4 4

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

BarcelonaMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
In Common We Can–Let's Win the Change (ECP) 694,315 26.26 –0.62 9 ±0
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 444,812 16.82 +0.57 5 ±0
Republican Left of Catalonia–Catalonia Yes (ERC–CatSí) 438,126 16.57 +2.08 5 ±0
People's Party (PP) 357,759 13.53 +2.27 4 ±0
Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (CDC)1 323,824 12.25 –1.00 4 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 305,075 11.54 –2.00 4 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 47,660 1.80 +0.60 0 ±0
Blank ballots 21,081 0.80 +0.17
Total 2,643,933 100.00 31 ±0
Valid votes 2,643,933 99.40 –0.08
Invalid votes 15,885 0.60 +0.08
Votes cast / turnout 2,659,818 64.38 –5.22
Abstentions 1,471,501 35.62 +5.22
Registered voters 4,131,319
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

BarcelonaMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
In Common We Can (En Comú)1 768,235 26.88 +17.81 9 +6
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 464,588 16.25 –11.55 5 –5
Republican Left of Catalonia–Catalonia Yes (ERC–CatSí) 414,163 14.49 +8.01 5 +3
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 387,061 13.54 New 4 +4
Democracy and Freedom (DiL)2 378,723 13.25 –13.90 4 –5
People's Party (PP) 321,980 11.26 –9.67 4 –3
Democratic Union of Catalonia (unio.cat) 48,326 1.69 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 34,394 1.20 +0.49 0 ±0
Blank ballots 18,119 0.63 –1.16
Total 2,858,407 100.00 31 ±0
Valid votes 2,858,407 99.48 +0.97
Invalid votes 14,976 0.52 –0.97
Votes cast / turnout 2,873,383 69.60 +3.69
Abstentions 1,254,798 30.40 –3.69
Registered voters 4,128,181
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

BarcelonaMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 727,220 27.80 –18.97 10 –6
Convergence and Union (CiU) 710,178 27.15 +7.57 9 +3
People's Party (PP) 547,376 20.93 +4.12 7 +1
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left (ICV–EUiA) 237,327 9.07 +3.51 3 +2
Republican Left of Catalonia–Catalonia Yes (ERC–RI.cat) 169,601 6.48 –0.11 2 ±0
Platform for Catalonia (PxC) 53,142 2.03 +2.00 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 40,054 1.53 +1.40 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 33,111 1.27 +1.08 0 ±0
Blank ballots 46,738 1.79 +0.27
Total 2,615,465 100.00 31 ±0
Valid votes 2,615,465 98.51 –1.03
Invalid votes 39,462 1.49 +1.03
Votes cast / turnout 2,654,927 65.91 –4.74
Abstentions 1,373,190 34.09 +4.74
Registered voters 4,028,117
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

BarcelonaMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 1,309,171 46.77 +5.11 16 +2
Convergence and Union (CiU) 547,993 19.58 +0.30 6 ±0
People's Party (PP) 470,677 16.81 +0.86 6 +1
Republican Left of Catalonia (esquerra) 184,558 6.59 –7.50 2 –2
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left (ICV–EUiA) 155,674 5.56 –0.95 1 –1
Blank ballots 42,672 1.52 +0.60
Total 2,799,228 100.00 31 ±0
Valid votes 2,799,228 99.54 –0.18
Invalid votes 12,834 0.46 +0.18
Votes cast / turnout 2,812,062 70.65 –5.52
Abstentions 1,168,119 29.35 +5.52
Registered voters 3,980,181
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

BarcelonaMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 1,268,028 41.66 +6.15 14 +2
Convergence and Union (CiU) 586,854 19.28 –7.02 6 –3
People's Party (PP) 485,504 15.95 –7.58 5 –3
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 428,986 14.09 +8.97 4 +3
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left (ICV–EUiA)1 198,116 6.51 –0.04 2 +1
Blank ballots 27,979 0.92 –0.50
Total 3,043,835 100.00 31 ±0
Valid votes 3,043,835 99.72 +0.14
Invalid votes 8,475 0.28 –0.14
Votes cast / turnout 3,052,310 76.17 +12.39
Abstentions 955,020 23.83 –12.39
Registered voters 4,007,330
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

BarcelonaMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 909,601 35.51 –4.81 12 –1
Convergence and Union (CiU) 673,558 26.30 –1.13 9 ±0
People's Party (PP) 602,777 23.53 +5.16 8 +2
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 131,114 5.12 +1.29 1 ±0
Initiative for Catalonia–Greens (IC–V) 103,778 4.05 –4.69 1 –1
United and Alternative Left (EUiA) 64,111 2.50 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 36,486 1.42 +0.74
Total 2,561,508 100.00 31 ±0
Valid votes 2,561,508 99.58 –0.13
Invalid votes 10,920 0.42 +0.13
Votes cast / turnout 2,572,428 63.78 –12.87
Abstentions 1,460,589 36.22 +12.87
Registered voters 4,033,017
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

BarcelonaMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 1,203,339 40.32 +3.95 13 +1
Convergence and Union (CiU) 818,832 27.43 –2.62 9 –1
People's Party (PP) 548,323 18.37 +1.42 6 ±0
Initiative for CataloniaThe Greens (IC–EV) 260,881 8.74 +0.27 2 –1
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 114,195 3.83 –0.50 1 ±0
Blank ballots 20,365 0.68 +0.04
Total 2,984,714 100.00 31 –1
Valid votes 2,984,714 99.71 +0.07
Invalid votes 8,710 0.29 –0.07
Votes cast / turnout 2,993,424 76.65 +0.90
Abstentions 911,831 23.35 –0.90
Registered voters 3,905,255
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

BarcelonaMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 1,030,053 36.37 –0.61 12 –2
Convergence and Union (CiU) 851,105 30.05 –0.30 10 –1
People's Party (PP) 480,204 16.95 +6.43 6 +3
Initiative for Catalonia (IC) 240,019 8.47 +0.28 3 ±0
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 122,530 4.33 +1.85 1 +1
The Greens–Ecologist Confederation of Catalonia (EV–CEC) 30,188 1.07 –0.43 0 ±0
Blank ballots 18,229 0.64 +0.06
Total 2,832,260 100.00 32 ±0
Valid votes 2,832,260 99.64 +0.18
Invalid votes 10,291 0.36 –0.18
Votes cast / turnout 2,842,551 75.75 +7.84
Abstentions 909,910 24.25 –7.84
Registered voters 3,752,461
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

BarcelonaMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 903,546 36.98 –6.23 14 –2
Convergence and Union (CiU) 741,682 30.35 +0.50 11 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 257,021 10.52 –0.18 3 –1
Initiative for Catalonia (IC)2 200,050 8.19 +4.02 3 +2
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 110,681 4.53 +0.17 1 ±0
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 60,642 2.48 –0.08 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 29,187 1.19 New 0 ±0
Communists' Party of Catalonia (PCC) 27,746 1.14 –0.69 0 ±0
Blank ballots 14,241 0.58 +0.17
Total 2,443,643 100.00 32 –1
Valid votes 2,443,643 99.46 +0.27
Invalid votes 13,323 0.54 –0.27
Votes cast / turnout 2,456,966 67.91 –0.87
Abstentions 1,160,982 32.09 +0.87
Registered voters 3,617,948
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

BarcelonaMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 1,054,135 43.21 –4.98 16 –2
Convergence and Union (CiU) 728,372 29.85 +8.95 11 +3
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 261,166 10.70 –3.69 4 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 106,434 4.36 +2.50 1 +1
Union of the Catalan Left (PSUCENE)2 101,654 4.17 –1.64 1 ±0
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 62,390 2.56 –1.16 0 –1
Communists' Party of Catalonia (PCC) 44,757 1.83 +0.29 0 ±0
Blank ballots 9,905 0.41 +0.01
Total 2,439,795 100.00 33 ±0
Valid votes 2,439,795 99.19 +0.44
Invalid votes 19,897 0.81 –0.44
Votes cast / turnout 2,459,692 68.78 –12.75
Abstentions 1,116,712 31.22 +12.75
Registered voters 3,576,404
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

BarcelonaMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 1,292,672 48.19 +17.91 18 +6
Convergence and Union (CiU) 560,555 20.90 +5.10 8 +2
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 385,967 14.39 +10.72 5 +4
Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia (PSUC–PCE) 131,314 4.90 –14.14 1 –6
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 99,852 3.72 –0.15 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 49,772 1.86 New 0 ±0
Communists' Party of Catalonia (PCC) 41,371 1.54 New 0 ±0
Centrists of Catalonia (CC–UCD) 40,222 1.50 –15.39 0 –6
Blank ballots 10,818 0.40 –0.02
Total 2,682,414 100.00 33 ±0
Valid votes 2,682,414 98.75 +0.58
Invalid votes 33,875 1.25 –0.58
Votes cast / turnout 2,716,289 81.53 +14.11
Abstentions 615,322 18.47 –14.11
Registered voters 3,331,611
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

BarcelonaMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE)1 694,847 30.28 –2.02 12 +1
Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia (PSUC–PCE) 436,908 19.04 –0.82 7 ±0
Centrists of Catalonia (CC–UCD) 387,543 16.89 +1.83 6 +1
Convergence and Union (CiU)2 362,427 15.80 –5.04 6 –2
Republican Left of CataloniaNational Front of Catalonia (ERC–FNC) 88,770 3.87 –0.90 1 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)3 84,195 3.67 +0.49 1 ±0
Left Bloc for National Liberation (BEAN) 41,430 1.81 New 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Catalonia (PTC–PTE) 36,001 1.57 New 0 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) (PSOEh)4 29,868 1.30 +0.93 0 ±0
Blank ballots 9,714 0.42 +0.24
Total 2,294,556 100.00 33 ±0
Valid votes 2,294,556 98.17 –0.59
Invalid votes 42,753 1.83 +0.59
Votes cast / turnout 2,337,309 67.42 –12.21
Abstentions 1,129,224 32.58 +12.21
Registered voters 3,466,533
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

BarcelonaMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Barcelona
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Socialists of Catalonia (PSCPSOE) 721,880 30.55 11
Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia (PSUC–PCE) 469,361 19.86 7
Democratic Pact for Catalonia (PDC) 364,798 15.44 6
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 355,857 15.06 5
Union of the Centre and Christian Democracy of Catalonia (UC–DCC) 127,679 5.40 2
Left of Catalonia–Democratic Electoral Front (EC–FED) 112,794 4.77 1
Catalan CoexistencePeople's Alliance (CC–AP) 75,097 3.18 1
People's Socialist Party–Socialist Unity (PSP–US) 41,356 1.75 0
Blank ballots 4,279 0.18
Total 2,363,117 100.00 33
Valid votes 2,363,117 98.76
Invalid votes 29,657 1.24
Votes cast / turnout 2,392,774 79.63
Abstentions 612,214 20.37
Registered voters 3,004,988
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

Coordinates: 41°27′N 2°5′E / 41.450°N 2.083°E / 41.450; 2.083