Barcelona Metro line 9
Line 9 (Línia 9 in Catalan) is a line of the Barcelona Metro network that is currently under construction, with 24 stations open in Barcelona and the El Prat de Llobregat, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Badalona and Santa Coloma de Gramenet suburbs, since December 2009. The line is divided in two branches, with a connecting segment between them yet to be built. The Aeroport T1 – Zona Universitària section is called L9 South (L9 Sud in Catalan), and the La Sagrera – Can Zam section L9 North (L9 Nord in Catalan). Upon completion, it will be the longest underground metro line in Europe.
Lines 9 and 10
|Barcelona Metro Lines 9 and 10|
The complete project encompasses an underground line with two branches spanning a large portion of the metropolitan area of Barcelona, crossing Barcelona, Santa Coloma de Gramenet, Badalona, l'Hospitalet de Llobregat and El Prat de Llobregat. Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona is the company operating the line.
The name line 9 (L9) can refer either to the whole project of L9/L10 or to the common trunk plus the L9 branches. The total system will have a length of 47.8 km, of which 43.71 underground and 4.09 on viaducts. L9/L10 will be the deepest line in the Barcelona network, with tunnels up to 80 metres (260 ft) below the surface, and some stations with platforms up to 60 metres (200 ft) below.
Line 9 shares its route with L10 for a large part.
Autoritat del Transport Metropolità approved the plan for metro and light rail lines in the Barcelona metropolitan area that included line 9 in 1999. The next year ATM began planning and design with construction starting in 2002.
Originally expected to be ready by 2008, ongoing problems with its construction delayed its expected completion until as late as 2013–2014. It was subsequently further delayed to 2016.
On 13 December 2009, the section between Can Peixauet and Can Zam, with the exception of Santa Rosa station, opened to the public. A further station, Bon Pastor, opened on 18 April 2010; as the first section of L10 was opened. The section from La Sagrera to Bon Pastor (except Sagrera station) opened on 26 June 2010.
On February 12, 2016 the El Prat branch opened from Aeroport T1 to Zona Universitària stations. This is a 20 km section with 15 stations, however three stations – Aeroport Terminal de Càrrega, La Ribera and Camp Nou – did not open, as they were built to serve future developments or for technical reasons.
Line 9 is being bored by a single 11.95 metres (39.2 ft) tunnel boring machine (TBM) – where other metros bore a pair of tunnels, one for each direction, Line 9's wider tunnel is broad enough to stack two lines of tracks and for the route's stations.
Because the route passes through different geological conditions, the TBM is designed to replace the cutterheads with heads suited for the current conditions. In June 2010 the TBM's hard rock cutterhead was replaced with its original cutterhead, designed to bore through clay.
List of stations
(Stations under construction in italics)
El Prat area
Provisional L9S Start
- Aeroport-T1 (Barcelona International Airport)
- Aeroport Terminal de Càrrega
- Aeroport-T2 (Barcelona International Airport, RENFE)
- Mas Blau
- Parc Nou
- El Prat Estació (L1, RENFE)
- La Ribera
- Les Moreres
- Parc Logístic
- Europa-Fira (L8)
Central branch, shared with L10
- Can Tries – Gornal
- Torrassa (L1)
- Collblanc (L5)
- Camp Nou (T1, T2, T3)
- Zona Universitària (L3) (T1, T2, T3)
Provisional L9S End
- Campus Nord
- Manuel Girona
- Prat de la Riba
- Sarrià (L6, L12)
- El Putxet (L7)
- Lesseps (L3)
- Guinardó (L4)
Provisional L9N Start
Provisional L9N End
Going to the airport Terminal 1 and Terminal 2 stations is charged with an extra €4.50 if are you traveling with a single ticket or with a T-10. The airport charge can be paid before exiting the metro. Passengers don't need to pay the fee if they are traveling with daily, monthly, quarterly or Hola BCN! tickets.
- "Què és la L9?" [What is the L9 / L10?]. L9 (in Catalan). Generalitat de Catalunya. Archived from the original on 26 July 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- A.a.v.v. Institut d'Estudis Catalans, 2006: Anuari territorial de Catalunya 2005. ISBN 84-7283-881-1.
- Gencat: L9 Archived February 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- The big dig: Barcelona's metro line 9, Barcelona Metropolitan, 30 December 2009
- "Barcelona metro line 9". Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Barcelona Metro Line 9". Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Puente, Fernando. "Barcelona metro airport link set for 2016 launch". railjournal.com. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- La L-9 arribarà el 13 de desembre a cinc estacions de Santa Coloma[permanent dead link], El Periódico de Catalunya.
- "El metro hacia El Prat comenzará a funcionar el día 12 de febrero" [The metro to el Prat will start service on 12 February]. La Vanguardia (Press release) (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
"Second cutterhead change for Barcelona TBM". Tunnel talk. June 2010. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
The 11.95m diameter machine has been working on the Metro's Line 9 project for the UTE LINIA 9 consortium of the Spanish and Catalan companies FCC / FERROVIAL / OHL / COPSICA / COPISA since 2003.
Media related to Barcelona Metro line 9 at Wikimedia Commons