The entrance to the city of Barcelos coming from the parish of Barcelinhos
|• President||Miguel Costa Gomes (PS)|
|• Total||378.90 km2 (146.29 sq mi)|
|• Density||320/km2 (820/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)|
Barcelos (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɐɾˈsɛluʃ]) is a city and a municipality in Braga District in the Minho Province, in the north of Portugal. The population in 2011 was 120,391, in an area of 378.90 km². With 60 parishes, it is the municipality with the highest number of parishes in the country. It is one of the growing municipalities in the country, and is well known by its textile and adobe industries.
Originally a Roman settlement, it expanded and became the seat of the First Duke of Bragança in the 15th century. The palace of the Dukes of Bragança was destroyed by an earthquake in 1755 and is now an open-air museum.
The town's famous symbol is a rooster, in Portuguese called o galo de Barcelos ("the Rooster of Barcelos"). One of the many versions of this legend goes that a rich man threw a big party. When the party was over, the rich man noticed that his sterling cutlery was stolen by a guest. He accused a pilgrim and let him go to court. He protested his innocence, but the judge didn't believe him. The judge was about to eat a roasted rooster when the pilgrim said: "If I am innocent, this rooster will crow three times." When the pilgrim was about to be lynched, the rooster crowed. The judge released the pilgrim. The story ends a few years later when the pilgrim returned and made a statue over the event.
- Abade de Neiva
- Alheira e Igreja Nova
- Alvito (São Pedro e São Martinho) e Couto
- Areias de Vilar e Encourados
- Barcelos, Vila Boa e Vila Frescainha (São Martinho e São Pedro)
- Campo e Tamel (São Pedro Fins)
- Carreira e Fonte Coberta
- Chorente, Góios, Courel, Pedra Furada e Gueral
- Creixomil e Mariz
- Durrães e Tregosa
- Galegos (Santa Maria)
- Galegos (São Martinho)
- Gamil e Midões
- Macieira de Rates
- Milhazes, Vilar de Figos e Faria
- Negreiros e Chavão
- Quintiães e Aguiar
- Rio Covo (Santa Eugénia)
- Sequeade e Bastuço (São João e Santo Estêvão)
- Silveiros e Rio Covo (Santa Eulália)
- Tamel (Santa Leocádia) e Vilar do Monte
- Tamel (São Veríssimo)
- Viatodos, Grimancelos, Minhotães e Monte de Fralães
- Vila Cova e Feitos
- Vila Seca
- João Garcia de Guilhade, a famous Portuguese trobadour during the 13th century, was from Milhazes.
- Pedro Afonso, Count of Barcelos, an illegitimate son of King Denis of Portugal and the second count of Barcelos.
- António Pires de Lima (born 1936), a famous lawyer and former bastonário of the Portuguese Bar Association (Portuguese: Ordem dos Advogados) and father of former Minister of Culture Isabel Pires de Lima, and of businessman and former politician António Pires de Lima, was from Barcelos.
- Portuguese prime-minister Francisco de Sá Carneiro, whose father, José Gualberto Chaves Marques de Sá Carneiro, and paternal family were from Barcelos.
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