Bardarski Geran (Bulgarian: Бърдарски геран; Banat Bulgarian: Bardárski gerán) is a village in northwestern Bulgaria, part of Byala Slatina Municipality, Vratsa Province. It is among the several villages founded by Banat Bulgarians returning from the Banat after the Liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman rule in 1878, and is thus predominantly Roman Catholic. It is regarded as "the capital of Banat Bulgarians in Bulgaria" by certain members of the community.
History and culture
The village was founded in 1887, mostly by Banat Bulgarian settlers (initially 185 families) from Dudeștii Vechi (Stár Bišnov) in Austria-Hungary (today in Romania). A number of Banat Swabians also settled, beginning with seven families in 1893, their total number later exceeding 90 families. Due to the religious differences (the Bulgarian inhabitants of the surrounding villages being Eastern Orthodox), the inhabitants of Bardarski Geran would mostly communicate with residents of the other Catholic villages in the region.
The village has two Roman Catholic churches, one of which is the Church of St Joseph, and the other the German Church of the Virgin Mary, which is almost destroyed due to lack of maintenance, as the bulk of the Germans left around World War II. Despite the common denomination, lifestyle and customs, the Bulgarians and the Germans would not usually intermarry and often quarrelled, and so preferred to have two separate churches. In the 1930s, the Bulgarian parish priest was Evgeniy Bosilkov, future Bishop of Nikopol, while the German colonists were served by Emil Frohe.
Bardarski Geran's characteristic architecture featuring elongated one-storey houses with Central European-style sharp-pointed roofs and straight streets owes much to Italian architect and engineer Leopold Forabosco who settled in the village after arriving in Bulgaria on Tsar Ferdinand's request.
The monthly newspaper of the Banat Bulgarians in Bulgaria, Falmis, was founded in Bardarski Geran in 1997. There is also a folklore dance group active in Bardarski Geran and performing Banat Bulgarian dances and songs. The Bardarski Geran cultural centre (chitalishte) was founded in 1923 by Germans and Bulgarians in the house of Mathis Scheringer; in 1958, it moved to its present building. The village has an amateur football club, named after Botev. In the village's centre, right next to the clock tower, there is a monument to a Soviet fighter plane crew that crashed in the vicinity in World War II, as well as a monument to the locals that perished in the Balkan Wars and World War I.
As of 2016, the village has a population of 720 and the mayor is the independent Svetlana Karadzhova.
- "Коментар от Светлана Караджова" (in Bulgarian). Иде.ли?. Retrieved 2007-03-24.
- Делиева, Радослава. "Сънища от Бърдарски геран" (in Bulgarian). Списание Одисей. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-05-26.
- Njagulov, p. 91.
- Njagulov, p. 121.
- "1. Никополската епархия — консолидация под външен натиск". Католиците между двете световни войни 1918–1944 (in Bulgarian). IMIR.
- Еленков, Иван. "Католическата църква в България и общностните идентичности на принадлежащите към нея вернипрез ХIХ и първата половина на ХХ век" (in Bulgarian). Балкански идентичности,. Archived from the original on 2 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-24.
- "Бърдарски геран" (in Bulgarian). Бърдарски геран. 2009-02-12. Archived from the original on 30 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-12.
- ""Фалмис" — вестник на банатските българи" (in Bulgarian). Вестник "Македония". 1999-01-20. Archived from the original on 2007-02-26. Retrieved 2007-03-24.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bardarski Geran.|
- Njagulov, Blagovest (1999). "Banatskite bǎlgari v Bǎlgarija". Banatskite bǎlgari: istorijata na edna malcinstvena obštnost vǎv vremeto na nacionalnite dǎržavi (in Bulgarian). Sofia: Paradigma. ISBN 954-9536-13-0.
- Von Valentin, Louis (4 January 2003). "Bulgarien: Das etwas andere Dorf. Schwäbische Kultur zwischen Donau und Balkan" (in German). Preußische Allgemeine Zeitung / Das Ostpreußenblatt. Retrieved 2007-03-26.
- Cenkova, Iskra. "Germanija, bǎlgarska prikazka" (in Bulgarian). TEMA. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
- Website about Bardarski Geran (Bulgarian)