Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision

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Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision (বর্ধমান সদর দক্ষিণ মহকুমা)
Subdivision
Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision (বর্ধমান সদর দক্ষিণ মহকুমা) is located in West Bengal
Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision (বর্ধমান সদর দক্ষিণ মহকুমা)
Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision (বর্ধমান সদর দক্ষিণ মহকুমা)
Location in West Bengal, India
Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision (বর্ধমান সদর দক্ষিণ মহকুমা) is located in India
Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision (বর্ধমান সদর দক্ষিণ মহকুমা)
Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision (বর্ধমান সদর দক্ষিণ মহকুমা)
Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision (বর্ধমান সদর দক্ষিণ মহকুমা) (India)
Coordinates: 23°12′N 88°07′E / 23.20°N 88.12°E / 23.20; 88.12Coordinates: 23°12′N 88°07′E / 23.20°N 88.12°E / 23.20; 88.12
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPurba Bardhaman
HeadquartersMemari
Area
 • Total1,410.03 km2 (544.42 sq mi)
Population
 • Total1,198,155
 • Density850/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeISO 3166-2:IN
Websitehttp://bardhaman.gov.in/

Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision (বর্ধমান সদর দক্ষিণ মহকুমা) is an administrative subdivision of the Purba Bardhaman district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Overview[edit]

Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision is spread over partly across the Bardhaman Plain in the central part of the district and partly across Khandaghosh Plain in the south-eastern part of the district.[1]

Subdivisions[edit]

Purba Bardhaman district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions:[2][3]

Subdivision Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
Rural
Population %
(2011)
Urban
Population %
(2011)
Bardhaman Sadar North Bardhaman 1,958.43 1,586,623 73.58 26.42
Bardhaman Sadar South Memari 1,410.03 1,198,155 95.54 4.46
Katwa Katwa 1,070.48 963,022 88.44 11.56
Kalna Kalna 993.75 1,087,732 87.00 13.00
Purba Bardhaman district Bardhaman 5,432.69 4,835,532 84.98 15.02

Administrative units[edit]

Cities and towns in the Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre.
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision has 5 police stations, 6 community development blocks, 6 panchayat samitis, 58 gram panchayats, 643 mouzas, 624 inhabited villages, 1 municipality and 2 census towns. The single municipality is at Memari. The census towns are: Alipur and Seharabazar. The subdivision has its headquarters at Memari.[4][5]

Demographics[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India data Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision, after bifurcation of Bardhaman district in 2017, had a total population of 1,198,155. There were 609,720 (51%) males and 588,435 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 124,639.[6]

As per the 2011 census data the total number of literates in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision, after bifurcation of Bardhaman district in 2017, was 825,408 (76.89% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 455,002 (83.29% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 370,406 (70.13% of the female population over 6 years).[6]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate

Religion in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision
Hindu
75.87%
Muslim
22.51%
Christian
0.11%
Others
1.50%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 909,092 and formed 75.87% of the population in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision. Muslims numbered 269,759 and formed 22.51% of the population. Christians numbered 1,278 and formed 0.11% of the population. Others numbered 18,026 and formed 1.50% of the population.[7]

Police stations[edit]

Police stations in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision have the following features and jurisdiction:[8][9]

Police station Area covered
km2
Municipal town CD Block
Memari 429.36 Memari Memari I, Memari II
Jamalpur 267.89 - Jamalpur
Raina 266.43 - Raina I
Madhabdihi 225.5 - Raina II
Khandaghosh 256.13 - Khandaghosh

Blocks[edit]

Community development blocks in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision are:[2][10]

CD Block Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
SC % ST % Hindus % Muslims % Literacy
Rate %
Census
Towns
Memari I Memari 186.91 218,425 36.61 15.78 79.03 18.26 74.10 1
Memari II Paharhati 186.64 150,252 23.92 18.42 72.84 24.21 74.59 -
Jamalpur Jamalpur 263.02 266,338 36.08 15.18 80.88 16.85 74.08 -
Raina I Shyamsundar 266.07 180,952 34.35 5.80 70.72 28.43 80.20 1
Raina II Madhabdihi 227.28 151,401 40.73 4.00 82.84 16.88 81.48 -
Khandaghosh Sagrai 265.23 189,336 38.81 2.29 67.17 32.47 77.28 -

Gram panchayats[edit]

The subdivision contains 58 gram panchayats under 6 community development blocks:[5]

  • Khandaghosh block consists of ten gram panchayats, viz. Berugram, Khandaghosh, Shankari–I, Ukhrid, Gopalbera, Lodna, Shankari–II, Kaiyar, Sagrai and Sasanga.
  • Jamalpur block consists of 13 gram panchayats, viz. Abujhati–I, Chakdighi, Jarogram, Paratal–II, Abujhati–II, Jamalpur–I, Jyotsreeram, Ajhapur, Jamalpur–II, Panchrah, Berugram, Jaugram, Paratal–I.
  • Memari I (community development block)|Memari–I]] block consists of ten gram panchayats, viz. Amadpur, Daluibazar–II, Gop–Gantar–I, Nimo–II, Bagila, Debipur, Gop–Gantar–II, Daluibazar–I, Durgapur and Nimo–I.
  • Memari–II block consists of nine gram panchayats, viz. Bara Palasan–I, Bijur–II, Kuchut, Bara Palasan–II, Bohar–I, Satgachhia–I, Bijur–I, Bohar–II, Satgachhia–II.
  • Raina–I block consists of eight gram panchayats, viz. Hijalna, Narugram, Palsona, Sehara, Mugura, Natu, Raina and Shyamsundar.
  • Raina–II block consists of eight gram panchayats, viz. Arui, Gotan, Pahalanpur, Painta–II, Barabainan, Kaiti, Painta–I and Uchalan.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

In the erstwhile Bardhaman district agriculture was the pre-dominant economic activity and the main source of livelihood for the rural people. The soil and climate favours the production of food grains. Cash crops are also grown. Irrigation facilities had contributed in a major way towards higher agricultural productivity. Amongst the districts of West Bengal, Bardhaman district had maximum irrigated land under cultivation.[11] Given below is an overview of the agricultural production (all data in tonnes) for Bardhaman Sadar North subdivision, other subdivisions and the Purba Bardhaman district, after bifurcation of the erstwhile Bardhaman district, with data for the year 2013-14.[12]

CD Block/ Subdivision Rice Wheat Jute Pulses Oil seeds Potatoes Sugarcane
Memari I 23,279 1,063 - - 3,610 358,206 1,192
Memari II 136,760 - - 4 71 58,809 -
Jamalpur 17,136 - 33 - 4,177 317,928 -
Raina I 155,987 541 - 439 2,345 22,841 -
Raina II 21,404 25 - 501 3,116 81,509 -
Khandaghosh 87,079 129 - 431 1,300 44,164 -
Bardhaman Sadar South 441,645 1,758 33 1,375 14,619 883,457 1,192
Bardhaman Sadar North 688,626 908 - 108 3,059 105,182 1,802
Katwa 509,610 638 65,168 217 7,432 51,928 97,483
Kalna 257,149 3,461 179,375 164 11,425 159,659 565
Purba Bardhaman district 1,897,030 6,765 244,576 1,864 36,535 1,200,226 101,042

Education[edit]

Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in Purba Bardhaman district, after bifurcation of Bardhaman district in 2017, with data for the year 2013-14:[13]

Subdivision Primary
School
Middle
School
High
School
Higher Secondary
School
General
College, Univ
Technical /
Professional Inst
Non-formal
Education
Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student
Bardhaman Sadar North 947 83,083 42 3,019 122 72,981 92 94,260 8 24,612 38 7,666 2,331 81,318
Bardhaman Sadar South 787 59,920 38 3,138 103 59,680 60 62,371 5 9,521 7 2,069 2,067 64,473
Katwa 601 52,239 21 1,637 74 45,704 42 44,645 3 7,965 8 1,190 1,412 64,979
Kalna 673 54,249 26 1,984 74 55,964 51 65,334 4 9,594 7 663 1,761 67,996
Purba Bardhaman district 3,008 249,491 127 9,778 373 234,329 245 266,610 20 51,692 60 11,588 7,571 277,766

Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.[13]

The following institutions are located in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision:

Healthcare[edit]

The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2014 in Purba Bardhaman district, after bifurcation of the erstwhile Bardhaman district in 2017, with data for the year 2013-14.[20]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
State
Govt
Depts
Local
bodies
Central
Govt
Deptts /
PSUs
NGO /
Private
Nursing
Homes
Total Total
Number
of
Beds
Total
Number
of
Doctors
Indoor
Patients
Outdoor
Patients
Hospitals
Rural
Hospitals
Block
Primary
Health
Centres
Primary
Health
Centres
Bardhaman Sadar North 1 2 5 23 2 - 1 69 103 2,915 554 156,726 2,525,789
Bardhaman Sadar South - 1 5 21 - - - 12 39 374 41 209,640 1,619,459
Katwa 1 1 5 13 - - - 8 28 452 59 65,055 1,291,942
Kalna 1 1 4 17 - - - 20 43 619 45 49,640 1,186,491
Purba Bardhaman district 3 5 19 74 2 - 1 109 213 4,360 699 481,061 6,623,681

Medical facilities available in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision are as follows:

Rural Hospitals: (Name, CD block, location, beds)
Memari Rural Hospital, Memari municipality, Memari, 60 beds
Paharhati Rural Hospital, Memari II CD block, Paharhati, 30 beds
Jamalpur Rural Hospital, Jamalpur CD block, Jamalpur, 30 beds
Maheshbati Rural Hospital, Raina I CD block, Maheshbati, 30 beds
Madhabdihi Rural Hospital, Raina II CD block, Madhabdihi, PO Chhoto-bainan, 30 beds
Block Primary Health Centres: (Name, block, location, 30 beds
Khandaghosh BPHC, Khandaghosh CD Block, Khandaghosh, 15 beds
Primary Health Centres: (CD block-wise)(CD block, PHC location, beds)
Memari I CD block: Debipur (10), Durgapur, PO Chotkharda (10), Palla Road (10)
Memari II CD block: Barapalasan (6), Bitra (10), Bohar (6)
Jamalpur CD block: Chakdighi (10), Chaksmanjari (10), Illasora (4), Nabagram (4)
Raina I CD block: Meral (4), Narugram (6), Shyamsundar (10)
Raina II CD block: Binodpur, PO Bajekamarpur (2), Gotan (6), Kaity (10), Painta (4), Subaldaha, PO Barabainan (10)
Khandaghosh CD block: Khudkuri, PO Sankari (4), Kuley (Gayeshpur), PO Chagram (10), Torkona (4)

Electoral constituencies[edit]

Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision were as follows:[21]

Lok Sabha constituency Reservation Vidhan Sabha constituency Reservation CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas
Bardhaman Purba Reserved for SC Raina Reserved for SC Raina II CD Block and Hijalna, Natu, Palsona, Sehara, Narugram, Shyamsundar, and Rayna gram panchayats of Raina I CD Block
Jamalpur Reserved for SC Jamalpur CD Block and Mugura gram panchayat of Raina I CD Block
Memari None Memari municipality, Memari I CD Block, and Kuchut, Satgachhia II gram panchayats of Memari II CD Block
All other Vidhan Sabha segments outside Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision
Bardhaman-Durgapur None Manteswar None Baghsan, Vagra Mulgram, Denur, Jamna, Kusumgram, Majhergram, Mamudpur I, Manteswar, Pipalan and Shushunia gram panchayats of Manteswar CD Block in Kalna subdivision and Barapalason I, Barapalason II, Bohar I, Bohar II, Bijur I, Bijur II and Satgachhia I gram panchayats of Memari II CD Block
All other Vidhan Sabha segments outside Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision
Bishnupur Reserved for SC Khandaghosh Reserved for SC Khandaghosh CD Block and Adra, Bhuri, Gohogram, Khano, Maszidpur, Sanko and Satinadi gram panchayats of Galsi II CD Block in Bardhaman Sadar North subdivision
All other Vidhan Sabha segments outside Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  2. ^ a b "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Table 2.2, 2.4(a). Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  3. ^ "পূর্ব ও পশ্চিম, আজ বর্ধমান জেলা ভাগের আনুষ্ঠানিক ঘোষনা মুখ্যমন্ত্রীর" (in Bengali). ABP Ananda. 7 April 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  6. ^ a b "2011 Census - Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  7. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  8. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  9. ^ "Burdwan District Police". Police Station. West Bengal Police. Archived from the original on 21 February 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  10. ^ "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  11. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Pages 50-54. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  12. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 18.1. Data for subdivisions/ district calculated by totalling the CD Block data provided. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  13. ^ a b "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Basic data: Table 4.4, 4.5, Clarifications: other related tables. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  14. ^ "Memari College". MC. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  15. ^ "Jamalpur Mahavidyalaya". JM. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  16. ^ "Shyamsundar College". SC. Archived from the original on 4 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  17. ^ "Sir Rashbehari Ghosh Mahavidyalaya". SRGM. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  18. ^ "Acharya Sukumar Sen Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  19. ^ "Radha Gobinda B Ed Teacher Training College". RGC. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  20. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Table 3.1, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  21. ^ "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18, 15 February 2006" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 February 2017.