Bardowick

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Bardowick
Bardowick Windmill
Bardowick Windmill
Coat of arms of Bardowick
Coat of arms
Location of Bardowick within Lüneburg district
Lüneburg (district)Lower SaxonySchleswig-HolsteinMecklenburg-VorpommernLüchow-DannenbergUelzen (district)HeidekreisHarburgRehlingenSoderstorfOldendorfAmelinghausenBetzendorfBarnstedtMelbeckDeutsch EvernWendisch EvernEmbsenSüdergellersenKirchgellersenWestergellersenReppenstedtReppenstedtMechtersenVögelsenRadbruchBardowickHandorfWittorfLüneburgBarendorfVastorfReinstorfThomasburgDahlenburgBoitzeNahrendorfTosterglopeDahlemBleckedeNeetzeAdendorfScharnebeckRullstorfLüdersburgHittbergenHohnstorfEchemArtlenburgBarumBrietlingenAmt NeuhausBardowick in LG.svg
About this image
Bardowick is located in Germany
Bardowick
Bardowick
Bardowick is located in Lower Saxony
Bardowick
Bardowick
Coordinates: 53°17′57″N 10°23′42″E / 53.29917°N 10.39500°E / 53.29917; 10.39500Coordinates: 53°17′57″N 10°23′42″E / 53.29917°N 10.39500°E / 53.29917; 10.39500
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictLüneburg
Municipal assoc.Bardowick
Area
 • Total23.33 km2 (9.01 sq mi)
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[2]
 • Total6,993
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
21357
Dialling codes04131
Vehicle registrationLG
Websitewww.bardowick.de

Bardowick (Bewick in Low Saxon) is a municipality in the district of Lüneburg in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is three miles north of Lüneburg on the navigable river Ilmenau. Bardowick is also the seat of the Samtgemeinde ("collective municipality") Bardowick.

History[edit]

The town was first mentioned in 795 AD and was raised to city status in 972 by Otto I. Its name is derived from the Longobardi, the tribe for whom it was the home and centre. From it the colonization of Lombardy started under their nontrinitarian Arian king Alboin.[3]

In 1146 the collegiate church of Saints Peter and Paul is recorded first. In 1186 the then competent Prince-Bishop of Verden, Tammo (d. 1188), further privileged the collegiate church.

The city was razed to the ground, with the exception of the churches, in 1189 by Henry the Lion. Until that time, it was the most prosperous commercial city of north Germany.

Today's building of the former collegiate, meanwhile Lutheran church (German: Bardowicker Dom, with Dom being used in German language - pars pro toto - as a synecdoche for collegiate churches and cathedrals alike) was erected between 1389 and 1485.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alle politisch selbständigen Gemeinden mit ausgewählten Merkmalen am 31.12.2018 (4. Quartal)". DESTATIS. Archived from the original on 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, Tabelle 12411: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2017
  3. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bardowiek" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.