Panorama of the village of Setermoen
Bardu within Troms
|• Mayor (2003)||Arne Nysted (Ap)|
|• Total||2,703.89 km2 (1,043.98 sq mi)|
|• Land||2,515.73 km2 (971.33 sq mi)|
|• Water||188.16 km2 (72.65 sq mi)|
|Area rank||16 in Norway|
|• Rank||236 in Norway|
|• Density||1.5/km2 (4/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||2 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1922|
|Official language form||Neutral|
Bardu (Northern Sami: Bearddu suohkan, Kven: Perttulan komuuni) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Setermoen, the largest urban area in the municipality.
Norway's largest military garrison is located at Setermoen. The military is the municipality's largest employer and more than 1,000 young soldiers perform their duty service here each year. The world's most northern zoo, Polar Zoo is located in the southern part of the municipality.
The municipality of Bardodalen was established in 1854 when the eastern part of the municipality of Ibestad was separated to form the new municipality. The initial population of the new municipality was 757. The municipal borders have not changed since then, although the name was later changed to Bardu.
Bardu is a Norwegianized form of the Sámi name Beardu. The meaning of the Sámi name is probably "long and steep mountain side". Prior to 1889, the municipality was called "Bardodalen" which meant "the valley/dale of Bardo". From 1889 until 1908, the name was written "Bardo". Since 1909, it has been spelled "Bardu".
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 6 June 1980. The arms show a black wolverine on a gold background. It was chosen as a symbol for the large forests and the rich wildlife in the municipality. As municipality flower is chosen Rock Speedwell (Veronica fruticans)
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
|Nedre Bardu Chapel||Brandmoen||1981|
|Øvre Bardu Chapel||Sørdalen||1971|
Bardu borders the municipalities of Lavangen and Salangen to the west, Målselv to the north, Narvik (in Nordland county) to the south, and Sweden to the east. The Barduelva river runs through the municipality from south to north along the Bardudalen valley. The Salangsdalen valley is located along the western part of the municipality. The largest lake in the county, Altevatnet, is located in the eastern part of the municipality, near the smaller lakes Geavdnjajávri and Leinavatn. These lakes lie in and near Rohkunborri National Park.
Bardu, although not far from the coast, is known for its cold winters compared to the coastal areas. This is caused by mountains usually blocking the milder, coastal air from reaching the Bardu valley. In summer, however, it is usually warmer than the coastal areas.
|Climate data for Setermoen|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−10.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||73
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||11.2||11.8||9.6||8.8||8.0||9.7||12.4||13.2||13.7||13.9||11.8||12.6||136.7|
|Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute|
- Fred Børre Lundberg, internationally renowned Nordic combined performers
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Store norske leksikon. "Bardu" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-12-01.
- "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute.
- Media related to Bardu at Wikimedia Commons
- The dictionary definition of bardu at Wiktionary
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
- Troms travel guide from Wikivoyage