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Barech (also Baraich, Bareach, Barreach) are a Pashtun tribe found apart from the district of Shorawak in southern Kandahar province of Afghanistan, in Quetta, Pakistan. There were little ethnographic literature on the Barech beyond the observations of some 19th and early 20th century British civil and military personnel. prior to the research of Zahir Khan Advocate. The Barech formed the largest tribal grouping among the Rohilla Pashtuns of North India.
Barech sub tribes are named after his sons adding suffix 'zai' to their names like Shakarzai, Mandozai, Zakozai, Badalzai etc.
Barech moved from Qila Bust (Kalabus) province Helmand to Shorawak province Qandahar. The historic Fort in Helmand is still called the Barech Fort or Aslam Khan Barech Fort. Aslam Khan Barech was the ruler of Bust in around 1588.
Shaikh Bostan Barech was a noble writer and poet of Pashtu language. He went to India and settled in Samana town, and then after his return to Shorawak in 1578, he wrote a book named 'Bostan al Auliya'. This is mentioned in the Pashtu language's authentic book 'Pata Khazana' by Hauthak bin Dawood.
The most famous of all Barechs is Khan Fateh Khan Barech; the son of Aslam Khan. He is considered as a hero and a symbol of pride for all Barechs. His 60 companions are famous in all Pashtun. Their courageous victories in India and Pakistan are remarkable and all Pathans are proud of them. And still Barechs have their tribes in both Pakistan and India due to same victories of the Great Fateh Khan Barech and his 60 companions.
Barech main subtribes
Mandozai, Sherani, Zakozai, Badalzai,
- Mandozai sub tribes: Salarzai, Alkozai, Shamozai, Samizai,Qasimzai.
- Sherani sub tribes: Zian, Edozai, Baramzai.
- Badalzai Sub Tribes:Samozai, Shaikhzai, Amanzai, PanjPai.
- Zakozai sub tribes: Torzai, Abuzai, Bahadurzai, Alizai.
Shorawak District Kandahar, Afghanistan. As shown on the map, The areas between Spinah Khwaleh on the north to Gowaran on the South, and the surrounding villages inside the border of Afghanistan, is the Shorawak.
- see Adamec, Historical and Political Gazetteer of Afghanistan, Vol. 5, Kandahar and South-Central Afghanistan” 1980, Akademische Druck-u.Verlaganstalt, Graz-Austria
- A. G. Hastings, Tarikh-e-peshawar (Tarikh-e-peshawar. ed.), Lahore: Globe Publishers, OL 13853859M
- Muhammad Hayat Khan (April 20, 1999), Afghanistan and Its Inhabitants, Sang-e-Meel Publications, ISBN 978-969-35-0886-4, OL 13126308M, 9693508866