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Barech (also Baraich, Bareach, Barreach) is a Pashtun tribe indigenous to southern Kandahar province of Afghanistan and in Quetta, Pakistan. There were little ethnographic literature on the Barech beyond the observations of some 19th and early 20th century British civil and military personnel. prior to the research of Zahir Khan Advocate. The Barech formed the largest tribal grouping among the Rohilla Pashtuns of North India.
Barech sub tribes are named after his sons adding suffix 'zai' to their names like Shakarzai, Mandozai, Zakozai, Badalzai etc.
Barech moved from Qila Bust (Kalabus) province Helmand to Shorawak province Qandahar. The historic Fort in Helmand is still called the Barech Fort or Aslam Khan Barech Fort. Aslam Khan Barech was the ruler of Bust in around 1588.
Shaikh Bostan Barech was a noble writer and poet of Pashtu language. He went to India and settled in Samana town, and then after his return to Shorawak in 1578, he wrote a book named 'Bostan al Auliya'. This is mentioned in the Pashtu language's authentic book 'Pata Khazana' by Hauthak bin Dawood.
The most famous of all Barechs is Khan Fateh Khan Barech; the son of Aslam Khan. He is considered as a hero and a symbol of pride for all Barechs. His first stay was at Shorawak (Qandahar Province). There he discovered the Pashtun Tribe known as Tareen engaged in a battle with their enemies. Fateh Khan joined the Tareens in pishin Balochistan and together they defeated the enemies. Fateh Khan and his companions then marched towards Lahore. They faced strong resistance from Sikhs near Lahore. They continued to Sialkot(Zakria Khan Barrech/Blogs/NKI/2017).His 60 companions are famous in all Pashtun. Their courageous victories in India and Pakistan are remarkable and all Pathans are proud of them. And still Barechs have their tribes in both Pakistan and India due to same victories of the Great Fateh Khan Barech and his 60 companions.During this time, King Akbar died and his son Jahangir became the new King of the Mughal Empire. Fateh Khan and his band proceeded to Mughal Kot near old Delhi and captured Gawarian Fort. After capturing the fort, they planned the conquest of Delhi.
The Mughal regime intercepted their plans and immediately sent an army to surround the fort. Early in the morning, Fateh Khan asked his companions for advice. They could surrender or fight. All of them opted to fight. After a twelve-day siege, they exited the fort and fought the Mughal army. The Mughals failed to conquer the fort. Fateh Khan survived though he was heavily wounded. The next day he attacked the Mughal Army again. He and his remaining companions then met their end.
The Mughal force sustained heavy losses to wrest this fort from only sixty Barech pashtuns.
King Jahangir, inspired by their bravery, renamed the town of" Mughal Kot" as "Fateh Pur".
Fateh Khan and most of his companions were buried there.(Zakria Khan Barrech/Blogs/NKI/2017)
- Mandozai sub tribes: Salarzai, Alkozai, Shamozai, Samizai, Qasimzai.
- Sherani sub tribes: Zai, Edozai, Baramzai.
- Badalzai Sub Tribes:Sahozai, Shaikhzai, Amanzai, PanjPai.
- Zakozai sub tribes: Torzai, Abuzai, Bahadurzai, Alizai.
Shorawak District Kandahar, Afghanistan. As shown on the map, The areas between Spinah Khwaleh on the north to Gowaran on the South, and the surrounding villages inside the border of Afghanistan, is the Shorawak.
- see Adamec, Historical and Political Gazetteer of Afghanistan, Vol. 5, Kandahar and South-Central Afghanistan” 1980, Akademische Druck-u.Verlaganstalt, Graz-Austria
- A. G. Hastings, Tarikh-e-peshawar (Tarikh-e-peshawar. ed.), Lahore: Globe Publishers, OL 13853859M
- Muhammad Hayat Khan (April 20, 1999), Afghanistan and Its Inhabitants, Sang-e-Meel Publications, ISBN 978-969-35-0886-4, OL 13126308M, 9693508866