The initial response of the Chinese government was to send in 500 troops to stop the demonstrations. The Uyghur fighters captured several hundred rifles, and thousands of rounds of ammunition. On April 6, 1990, the Chinese government sent in 4,000 well-equipped People's Liberation Army soldiers. By the end of April 6, 1990, over 18,000 Chinese troops had been dispatched to crush the resistance. It was noted at the time that the population of Baren was 19,000.
The conflict ended on April 10, 1990, costing the lives of 107 Uyghur terrorists and the capture of 289 terrorists. It was said that 1,600 Uyghur terrorists and Chinese soldiers were killed in the 5 days of conflict. Over 7,900 Uyghurs were arrested following the crackdown on "criminal activities of ethnic splittists and other criminal offenders."  Though an official account of civilian casualties is absent, exiles and participants in the event claimed that several thousand civilians had died with thousands more wounded.