Baren Township riot

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Baren Township Riot (Barin Revolution Uprising)
Part of the Xinjiang conflict
Date April 1990
Location Akto County, Xinjiang
Result uprising suppressed
Chinese government regains control of Baren township
East Turkestan Islamic Party People's Liberation Army, People's Armed Police
Commanders and leaders
Zeydin Yusup   Jiang Zeming
200-500 Uyghur militants Hundreds of policemen and soldiers
Casualties and losses
16 killed, 232 Uyghur fighters captured[citation needed] 7 killed, 18 wounded[1]

The Baren Township Riot was an uprising and armed conflict that took place between Uygher militants and Chinese government forces in April of 1990.[2][3][4] It is unclear what happened during the armed conflict because reports of the incident vary greatly.[2]

Chinese Account[edit]

Chinese sources state that the uprising was initiated by 200 Uyghur militants armed with advanced weaponry who attacked Chinese paramilitary forces throughout the township of Baren.[2] These reports indicate that Afghani militia forces may have been directly involved. Reportedly, Afghan-trained Islamists set up loudspeakers in mosques of Baren Township urging the local Uyghur population to "rise up against Chinese oppression and work toward establishing an independent Uyghur Islamic state" while praising Jihad.[5] In response, Chinese government forces crushed the uprising by force over the course of three days.[2]

Uyghur Point Of View[edit]

On April 5, 1990, in Kizilsu's Akto County and in the township of Baren, Zeydin Yusup, the leader of the East Turkistan Islamic Party[6] led a protest with around 200 men. They marched to the local government office and demanded an end to the mass immigration of Han Chinese into Xinjiang. One source states that the protests were the result of 250 forced abortions imposed upon local Uyghur women by the Chinese government.[7] Another source states that the protests were the result of local Uyghurs not being allowed to build a mosque.[8]

The Chinese government initially sent in a detachment of armed police to the site of the disturbance.[7] The Uyghur forces and the authorities started fighting, and the violence spread through the town.[7] The uprising, which lasted for several days, ended when the Chinese government sent hundreds of heavily armed police and soldiers to quell the riots.[6] [9]


One source states that the conflict ended on April 10, 1990, with 23 dead total, 21 injured, and that 232 Uyghur fighters were captured.[7] Another source states that as many as 1600 people were killed during the armed conflict. In July 1990 the Chinese government in Xinjiang announced the arrest of 7,900 people citing the "criminal activities of ethnic splittists and other criminal offenders." as the reason. [8] An official account of civilian casualties is absent.[citation needed]


  1. ^ "D.T BARIN ŞEHİTLERİ2". Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d Patrick, MAJ Shawn M (2010). Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited The Uyghur Movement China’s Insurgency in Xinjiang (PDF). School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. p. 27. 
  4. ^ VAN WIE DAVIS, ELIZABETH. "Uyghur Muslim Ethnic Separatism in Xinjiang, China." Asian Affairs 35, no. 1 (2008): 15-29.
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b "The 1990s: the turn towards repression". Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d Guo, Rongxing (2015-07-15). China's Spatial (Dis)integration: Political Economy of the Interethnic Unrest in Xinjiang. Chandos Publishing. ISBN 9780081004036. 
  8. ^ a b "Uighur Developments in the 1990s". Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  9. ^