Bargarh district

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Bargarh
District
Nickname(s): 
Rice Bowl of Odisha
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°19′59″N 83°36′58″E / 21.333°N 83.616°E / 21.333; 83.616Coordinates: 21°19′59″N 83°36′58″E / 21.333°N 83.616°E / 21.333; 83.616
Country India
StateOdisha
HeadquartersBargarh
Government
 • Collector and District MagistrateIndramani Tripathy, OAS(SAG)
 • Superintendent of PoliceShri Mukesh Kumar Bhamoo, IPS
Area
 • Total5,837 km2 (2,254 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total1,478,833
 • Rank13
 • Density253/km2 (660/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Sambalpuri language
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
768 028
Telephone code6683, 6684, 6685,0 6646
Vehicle registrationOD-17
Sex ratio976 /
Literacy75.16%
Lok Sabha constituencyBargarh
Vidhan Sabha constituency5
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,527 millimetres (60.1 in)
Avg. summer temperature46 °C (115 °F)
Avg. winter temperature10 °C (50 °F)
Websitewww.bargarh.nic.in

Bargarh District is an administrative district of Odisha state in eastern India. The city of Bargarh is its district headquarters. The district was carved out of the erstwhile district of Sambalpur in 1st April, 1993.

Geography[edit]

The district has an area of 5832 km². The district of Sambalpur is in the north east, Bolangir & Subarnapur districts are in the south, Nuapada district is in the south west and the state of Chhattisgarh is to its west.

Economy[edit]

All-season irrigation from Hirakud dam on the Mahanadi River makes the northern half of Bargarh District rich in agriculture, mostly paddy.[1]

This district is famous for centuries old handloom industry manufacturing a trade-mark textile form called Sambalpuri Saree.

Divisions[edit]

Bargarh district consists of two sub-divisions, namely Bargarh & Padampur. It comprises 12 blocks. They are Jharbandh, Paikmal, Padampur, Gaisilet, Bijepur, Sohela, Bhatli, Ambabhona, Barpali, Attabira, Bheden and Bargarh.

Bargarh has also one Municipality consisting Bargarh town having 19 wards and 4 Notified Area Council (NAC). They are Padampur, Barpali, Attabira and newly formed Bijepur.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Bargarh district has a population of 1,478,833,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[3] or the US state of Hawaii.[4] This gives it a ranking of 339th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 253 inhabitants per square kilometre (660/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 9.84%.[2] Bargarh has a sex ratio of 976 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 75.16%.[2]

It has a sizeable population of weaver community, some of whom are national awardee and even Padmashree. This district has produced many conspicuous literary prodigies like Gangadhar Meher, Hema Chandra Acharya, Dr. Prafulla Kumar Tripathy and Haldhar Nag.

The people of Bargarh district speak Kosli (Sambalpuri)Odia. In border area of Bargarh people speak in Chhattishgarhi Hindi.

Culture[edit]

Bargarh town is situated on the bank of river Jeera. The Howrah-Mumbai National Highway No-6 runs through the town. The town is famous worldwide for a 11-day-long open-air theater drama, Dhanu jatra, based on the life and times of Lord Krishna, culminating in the death of King Kansa.

Bargarh is a district in western odisha. Nuakhai is a major festival celebrated by the people of western odisha. Nuakhai is celebrated in each and every house as a harvesting ceremony. Apart from this Bargarh town organises Shyama Kali Puja every year at Kali Mandir. Dussera, Viswakarma Puja and Ganesh Puja also some important Festival which are observed here.

Bhatli which is 20 km from district headquarters popularly known as Dadhibaman Khetra or Srikhetra of Western Odisha celebrated Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra which is famous in near by locality.

In Barpali every year Sital Sasthi (marriage ceremony of Lord Shiva and Parvati) is observed which is famous in Odisha.

Baisakh Mela is observed in Nrusinghanath temple every year.

Tourism[edit]

There exists a 13th-century temple at Nrusinghanath on the foot hills of Gandhamardan. Lord Vishnu is worshiped here in a feline form, which is the only instance of its kind in the world.The famous kedarnath temple is situated in Ambabhona .Ambabhona is famous for the Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary where the Barabhakra, Pathraseni situated and the Mahanadi lies on its feet. 6 temples of Astasambhu situated in Bargarh District.

Politics[edit]

Vidhan sabha constituencies[edit]

The following are the five Vidhan sabha constituencies[5][6] of Bargarh district and the elected members[7] of that area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
1 Padampur None Jharbandh, Paikmal, Rajborasambar, Padampur (NAC) Pradeep Purohit BJP
2 Bijepur NONE Bijepur (NAC), Bijepur, Gaisilet, Barpali (NAC), Barapali (part) <Patkulunda G.P, Remta G.P, Bandhpali G.P, Khemesara G.P, Kainsir G.P, Satalma G.P, Barguda G.P, Mahada G.P, Tileimal G.P, Agalpur G.P, Bhatigaon G.P, Raxa G.P, Gopeipali G.P, Tinkani G.P, Tulundi G.P, Kumbhari G. P--> 3 Bargarh None Bargarh, Bargarh (M), Barpali (part) Debesh Acharya BJD
4 Attabira SC Attabira, Bheden Snehangini Churiya BJD
5 Bhatli None Sohella, Bhatli, Ambabhona Susanta Singh BJD

Administration[edit]

To reduce increased number of road accidents, Bargarh police administration is one of the first-movers to implement "No Helmet, No Petrol" campaign effective from 01 Sep 2015.[8]

Notable people[edit]

1. Lengu Mishra - Eminent Social worker 2. Prasanna Acharya - eminent politician and Member of parliament, ex cabinet minister. 3.Susanta Singh MLA Bhatli constituency. 4. Pradip Purohit, MLA, Padampur Assembly Constituency 5. Haldhar nag- Sambalpuri poet, Padmashri awarded. | 6. Late Kabibhusan Swapneswar Dash - eminent poet and author.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.navratnanews.com
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gabon 1,576,665
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Hawaii 1,360,301
  5. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  6. ^ Seats of Odisha
  7. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME
  8. ^ http://odishatv.in/?p=91047

External links[edit]