The Bargi are a Hindu caste found in the states of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh in India. They have been granted Scheduled Caste status in Rajasthan, and their population according 2001 Census of India was 10,739.
The Bargi claim descent from the Bargala Rajputs, and their historic homeland is the ancient region of Braj Desa, which now forms parts of Mathura and Agra districts of Uttar Pradesh and the districts of Bharatpur and Dholpur in Rajasthan. The Bargi have now spread to Jaipur District as well, and they speak Braj Bhasha, although many in Rajasthan now understand Rajasthani. In Uttar Pradesh according to some traditions, the Bargi originate from the Bari caste, although the two groups are now distinct.
Historically, the Bargi of Bharatpur and Dholpur states served as soldiers in the state army, with agriculture being an important secondary occupation. Their customs are similar to other neighbouring Hindu peasant castes such as the Ahir, Jats and Gujars.
- People of India Rajasthan Volume XXXVIII Part Two edited by B.K Lavania, D. K Samanta, S K Mandal & N.N Vyas pages 110 to 115 Popular Prakashan
- Tribes and Castes of North Western Provinces and Oudh Volume I page 186
- "Census of India - Tables on Individual Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST)". Censusindia.gov.in. 2007-03-07. Archived from the original on June 5, 2010. Retrieved 2012-03-06.